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Psychopath vs. Sociopath

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Reianna de Silva

on 9 May 2014

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Transcript of Psychopath vs. Sociopath

Psychopath vs. Sociopath
Psychopaths are born with temperamental differences such as impulsivity, cortical underarousal, and fearlessness that lead them to risk-seeking behavior and an inability to internalize social norms. (Weller, 2014)
The term “psychopath” is usually used to describe a person that has crossed the line of moral behavior in a society. They’re the murderers, the school shooters, the manipulative cult leaders. They’re the ones mutilating animals just to see what happens. They’re also the ones that society views as a danger to others. (Pemment, 2012)
Social Relationships
Psychopaths often live at the fringes of society. They tend to be extremely disorganized and are unable to maintain normal relationships with family, friends and co-workers. (Weller, 2014)
Don't be confused.
“Psychopath” and “sociopath” are sometimes being used interchangeably to describe people who have no conscience and act with no regard to others; in fact, the terms were once fairly interchangeable. (Kelly, 2013)
Now, however, “psychopath” is usually used in regards to someone who has crossed the line into the criminal element, while a sociopath is of little danger to those around them. (Kelly, 2013)
A psychopath is the more dangerous of the two, but it’s also the one you’d never suspect a person of being. (Kelly, 2013)
Heredity vs. Environmental

Psychopathy and sociopathy are both anti-social personality disorders.
While both these disorders are the result of an interaction between genetic predispositions and environmental factors,
leans towards the
tends lean towards the
. (Kelly, 2013)
Reianna de Silva
On the other hand, sociopaths have relatively normal temperaments; their personality disorder being more an effect of negative sociological factors like parental neglect, delinquent peers, poverty, and extremely low or extremely high intelligence. (Kelly, 2013)
A sociopath is a person who lacks emotion and the ability to relate to others, but they aren’t a threat to society. While they’re not as dangerous, they can still be destructive in a smaller, personal setting such as in friendships, romantic relationships, or in a family. But they’re generally not going to go on a killing spree. (Pemment, 2012)
Unlike psychopaths, sociopaths can be almost obsessively organized and are normal in their social relationships, often forming symbiotic or parasitic relations. A sociopath would likely live an outwardly normal life and appear to blend in well with society; they may even be charming. (Weller, 2014)
Violent Tendencies
Psychopaths are unable to plan their acts of violence. This is because of their impulsive nature, most of their crimes are committed in haste. A psychopath's outbreaks of violence are erratic and unplanned. Catching a psychopath who has been involved in a crime or an act of violence is not that difficult because he is bound to commit a mistake or leave a clue which is going to lead the police directly to him. (Kelly 2013)
Sociopaths are markedly different from psychopaths when it comes to committing crimes or act of violence. They are not impulsive in nature and therefore plan their crimes very meticulously. A sociopaths can plan acts of violence for years and may often be motivated by greed or revenge. Unlike psychopaths, sociopaths do not leave behind any clues when they perform a violent act as they act methodically according to a well-laid plan making it difficult for the authorities to catch them. Violent crimes by sociopaths are often controlled and often go undetected until after a sociopath is caught. (Kelly 2013)
Feel Remorse or Not
Psychopaths do not have a moral code of ethics and therefore are not able to feel empathy or remorse for their fellow beings. They tend to manipulate others and can resort to lying to achieve their goal. Their lifestyle is mostly parasitic and they continue to violate the norms of the society all throughout their lives. In general, psychopaths are found in less number in the world but account for almost one-fourth of the criminals that end up in jail. (Jacobs, 2014)
Sociopaths are different from psychopaths and feel guilt for their actions. However, their emotional connection is limited to a certain group of people only with whom they can interact and build relationships with. Outside this group, the behavior of a sociopath is similar to that of a psychopath and he will reject the social norms just like him. A sociopath however, does not have a tendency to lie to people or manipulate them especially if they are part of his family or his group of friends instead he has genuine feelings for them and will feel remorse if he ends up hurting them in any way. (Jacobs, 2014)
Both sociopaths and psychopaths are not able to contain their boredom. Sociopaths usually relieve their boredom by indulging in dramatic acts and creating conflicts between the people of their group. They seek attention from people and can go to any lengths to get it. Psychopaths usually find something constructive to end their boredom. This is the reason for their high level of creativity and intelligence. (Weller, 2014)
Patrick Bateman - American Psycho
Superficial charm
- Bateman compensates for his insecurities through obsessive vanity and personal grooming, with unwavering attention to detail. He dresses in and uses the most fashionable, expensive clothing and accessories possible as a means of effecting some "control" over his otherwise chaotic life.
- Leads to the need for stimulation. The Joker is a notorious criminal and provokes Batman to come and get it. He rants, yells, and hits people with whatever is lying around all the time. His crimes are promiscuous enough that Batman can't always figure out what he's going to do next.
The Joker - Batman
Lack of remorse
- The Joker is known for using his own henchmen as target practice. While he may occasionally form an alliance with someone, he has no friends. He has tried to kill Harley Quinn on several occasions & has driven lesser men to madness. He doesn't care how or what happens to the world and it's people, so long as he achieves his goals, no matter how paltry they may be.
Social relationships
- The Joker never recalls his past the same way twice & uses many false names. In teamwork situations, he has a habit of being a backstabber. The Joker is immune to poison, fear, & has an incredible tolerance for pain & uses these to cover up for any shortcomings he may have in battle.
Criminal Predisposition
- The last scene is Bateman's secretary pulling out a journal illustrating all his murders in detail using text and drawings. This shows how he has a tendency for premeditated crimes.
Violent Tendencies
- Bateman kills many of his victims because they make him feel inadequate, usually by having better taste than he does. For instance, he lures Paul Owen, who works at another firm, to his apartment, where Bateman axes him to death because he got an account that Bateman wanted.
Psychopaths often find it hard to maintain a steady job and home. Weller, 2014)
Sociopaths often have successful careers and try to make others like and trust them. This is because they understand human social emotions quite well but are unable to experience them. This allows them to be master manipulators of human emotions. (Weller, 2014)
- Bateman is an investment banker executive who work on Wall Street, Manhattan. This shows how he is capable of having a successful career and can understand human social emotions quite well.
Reference Page
Kelly, D. Nov. 13, 2013.The Difference Between Psychopaths And Sociopaths. Retrieved from http://knowledgenuts.com/2013/11/03/the-difference-between-psychopaths-and-sociopaths/
Pemment, J. May 8, 2012. Psychopathy versus sociopathy: Why the distinction has
become crucial. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/files/attachments/112693/psychopathy-versus-sociopathy.pdf

Jacobs, S. May 8, 2014. Differences Between Psychopath and Sociopath. Retrieved from http://www.newhealthguide.org/Difference-Between-Psychopath-And-Sociopath.html.
Weller, C. Mar. 6, 2014. What’s The Difference Between A Sociopath And A Psychopath? (Not Much, But One Might Kill You). Retrieved from http://www.medicaldaily.com/whats-difference-between-sociopath-and-psychopath-not-much-one-might-kill-you-270694
Psychopathy and sociopathy are treatable medical conditions if they are diagnosed at an earlier stage. With the use of therapy and medication, both sociopaths and psychopaths can start living normal lives. The psychiatrists who treat both types of people never consider their disorders different from each other on behavioral terms. According to them sociopaths are those whose antisocial behavior is a result of the issues they faced as a child while psychopaths are the ones whose ASPD stem from congenital factors.
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