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Law and Order of late 16th and early 17th Centuries
Transcript of Law and Order of late 16th and early 17th Centuries
Centuries By: Gagan, Balraj, Divesh,
Harsh & Ramdeo Demand for Law lack of influential leadership
major economic problems after Queen Elizabeth’s death
population had doubled in the 16th century
King Henry VIII had debased coinage (cheaper currency)
several poor harvest seasons
marked the start of the great inflation
starvation, epidemic, disease, and bands of drifters became very common
property disputes, violence, and theft were the main concerns
•During the 16th and 17th centuries the population of England grew.
•It resulted 4 million in 1600’s and grew to approximately 5 1/2 million by 1700’s http://englishhistory.net/tudor/monarchs/eliz1.html http://news.discovery.com/history/henry-viii-blood-disorder-110311.html Code of Hammurabi used to further develop laws of the 17th century
created by the 6th Babylon king, Hammurabi
consisted of 282 laws engraved on stone to symbolize long-lasting laws
oldest and first documented set of laws (1750 BC)
introduced the concept of liability
believed in 'an eye for an eye' or 'a tooth for a tooth' Draconian Law official Athenian code of law since the 4th century
“written in blood”
almost all crimes resulted in death
no official documentation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi http://odraconiandevil.co.uk/ Laws The Uniformity Act of 1662 under Charles II -Preceded similar named acts
- restore dominance for Church of England by establishing set form of worship
- Compiled new version of the Common prayer book.
-Book was necessary at religious services
- Due to this act church attendance was mandatory
- If you did not attend Sunday church you were fined 12 pence and possible imprisonment Laws Continued Vagrancy Laws - 1596 and 1607 -Enacted to regulate assembly of “master less men” for those who were unemployed or not attached to noble household
-Punishments were imprisonment, deportment and execution Laws Continued The Blasphemy Act 1650 Blasphemy: “profane speaking of God or sacred things or impious irreverence” (Oxford English Dictionary).
Any blasphemous statement or act was illegal. Any person that claimed they were equal to god or also god-like would be considered blasphemous. People were arrested or burnt for preaching their beliefs of moral perfection. Women's Rights •Upper class Saxon women had some freedom and some women were slaves at the end of the society.
•Few women had jobs.
•Marriages were arranged except for the poor people in 16th centuries.
•Girls could marry when they turn 12 years old. Poverty •Unemployment and homeless were the biggest domestic issues.
• Government tolerated people that were begging.
• People pretending to be disabled or mad in order to beg.
•Government did not tolerate to those people without jobs wandering around.
•Old and disable poor were given license to beg.
•Beggars were sometimes abused and arrested
•Without jobs were asked to be tied to a cart and being whipped until their body was bloody. •By the 1650’s population has doubled from 1561
•Below 30% of the population could afford to eat meat between 2 and 6 times a week
•Social and economic changes
•Guns were invented in the 14th century and became more efficient after the 16th and 17th centuries
•Jobs weren’t always easy to find due to the rise of population in the 16th century
•Punishment for England in the 16th century was hanging, drawing and quartering
•16th century in Europe had considerable changes throughout its law
•increased influence of universities and university trained lawyers
•At universities of Oxford and Cambridge, Roman and Canon were commonly taught. (Involved doctorates to the practitioners) Crimes Crimes of Nobility Crimes of Commoners Theft
Dice coggers High Treason
Alchemy Punishments http://www.cartoonstock.com/directory/t/treason.asp Many hundreds of people witnessed the punishments and executions
Such events, like the executions, were considered to be “exciting days out” by the lower class families
Punishments were very cruel and violent
Not even the royalty was excused from this most public form of punishment for their crimes
Punishment for poaching crimes differed according to when the crime was committed It was a crime to travel without a licence. This law ensured that the spread of disease, especially the plague, was contained as much as possible.
Anyone who needed to travel to earn their living, such as actors, were treated with suspicion and could therefore expected to be accused of crimes
Trials were designed in the favour of the prosecutors and defendants who were accused of any crimes were not even allowed legal counsel
If a person committed suicide, there would still be a punishment that would be given to the dead corpse.
Nobles condemned to death were usually executed by beheading while Common traitors were hanged, drawn, and quartered.
The most common ways to torture a person was by Stretching, burning, beating the body, and suffocating a person with water
When Elizabeth took the throne, torture was used the most, more than in any other period of history. Hanging
The Pillory and the Stocks
Boiling in oil water or lead
Starvation in a public place
Cutting off various items of the anatomy - hands, ears etc
The Gossip's Bridle or the Brank
The Drunkards Cloak Types of Punishments http://brandonkoon.com/network-marketing/zeek-rewards-why-i-decided-to-join/ Problems lack of evidence
no admittance back into society
no optional programing
no form of compensation
no appeal from the accused
lack of restitution
corruption http://www.veteransnewsnow.com/2011/10/29/nypd-sweeping-internal-investigation-300-cases-of-corruption-16-officers-arrested-so-far/corruption-1/ http://www.historytoday.com/tim-harris/charles-ii-reality-behind-merry-monarchy http://www.bnp.org.uk/news/blasphemy-back-hate-legislation-threatens-freedom-speech-warns-civitas http://doloresmonet.hubpages.com/hub/Renaissance-Fashion-Womens-Clothing-in-Elizabethan-England http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/bsurface_01.shtml johnnyscreepshow.blogspot.com/2010/08/ask-magic-internet-stupid-question-no.html http://www.montgomeryschoolsmd.org/schools/wjhs/mediactr/englishpathfinder/Shakespeare/index.html http://essentialshakespeare.wikispaces.com/Crime++and+Punishment http://sites.duke.edu/midsummer/category/background-information/ Modern Law Imprisonment
Community Service Order
Drug Testing and Treatment Order
Points on driving license
Forfeit Order http://siliconangle.com/blog/2011/04/13/huawei-and-motorola-settle-after-series-of-legal-battles/courtroom-2/