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Unit 18, P3, P4, M2. Matthew Walker
Transcript of Unit 18, P3, P4, M2. Matthew Walker
Once the body sustains an injury the body will respond to it through a number of different avenues. Once the body tissue is damaged it triggers the primary damage response mechanism, the two main signs of damaged tissue are pain and inflammation and when the body recognises these the damage response system will start up. The healing process is begun by the blood as it comes out of the wound by clotting which should help reduce the chances of infection and prevents the loss of more blood as it seals the wound. An example of this sort of injury and process could occur is a abrasion to a knee where there would be pain and inflammation to the knee and then blood would clot around and over the wound to begin the healing process.
The remodelling of the damaged tissue or the development of scar tissue recovers the the tissue that was damaged during the injury to as close as it can be to it's state before the injury occurred. As soon as the injury occurs scar tissue will begin to form so it can start that tissue recovery process. An example of an injury where scar tissue will be if an athlete tears his hamstring, scar tissue will form to recover the muscle but if the scar tissue is not correctly treated the muscle will not regain the same strength, elasticity or range of movement as it had before the tear.
The Importance Of Scar Tissue In The Remodelling Process
Signs and symptoms of certain injuries will vary depending on the severity of the injury. As an example sprains and strains both have 3 degrees of severity. Another thing that can be altered by the specific injury is the bleeding, and the difference between intermuscular haematoma and intramuscular haematoma. If the injury produces an intermuscular haematoma the bleeding will occur within a small area with the compartment of the muscle. With a intramuscular haematoma the bleeding will seep into the tissue surrounding the muscle. An example where this could happen would be an impact injury where bruising would spread over a large area of the muscle.
Specific to Injury
This anger could be directed at the athlete themselves if they felt they made a mistake that caused their injury, other people if they helped contribute towards the injury the athletes anger could also be directed towards them. The short term effect of anger could be the athlete being in a poor mental state and a lack of motivation, there is a danger that the anger will overwhelm the athlete and they will lose focus on their rehabilitation. The long term effect of anger could be both positive and negative, on the positive side it could fuel the athlete to come better then ever after the injury.
Frustration is a more common response for an athlete that has suffered a long term injury, this is because the prolonged period without being able to do their chosen sport allows the frustration to build. Frustration is so common because athletes will be used to competitive sport and when that is taken away from them and they cannot get the same adrenaline rush they could from competitive play it will frustrate them. The short term effects of frustration could be a lack of motivation and the beginnings of depression as everything that the athlete knew before has been dramatically altered. The long term effects again can be linked to depression and also anger as the frustration builds. Also a worry would be because of this frustration the athlete might try and rush themselves back from injury and then risk re-injuring themselves and never letting their body fully heal.
Often athletes refer to this as being one of the hardest things about being injured as you go from being in a very close knit family to being on the outside looking in as you cannot participate in training or competition which leads to the injured athlete feeling isolated. This means as well as the athlete missing out on training and competition they are also being removed from the atmosphere of the dressing room. The short term effect of this isolation is linked to depression and frustration, because of this isolation the athlete however might use this as a positive as they will be determined to join their team again. The long term effect of this isolation could be the start of the break up of the team bond from the injured athlete which could lead to depression.
Isolation from Team Mates
Anxiety occurs to the uncertainty of the rehabilitation process and the athlete can worry when they will get to return they either won't return to the level that they were playing or that they might not be able to return at all. Also they may have anxiety about the methods being used to try and rehabilitate them if they do not fully agree with a doctors diagnosis or the rehabilitation plan drawn up for them. The short term effects of anxiety can be a loss of focus on the athletes rehabilitation, which will also affect the long term rehabilitation as the athlete with the loss of focus can further delay their healing time. A long term effect of anxiety could be a drop of confidence when close to returning to training and competition, this could range from not having confidence in your healing and worrying you would re-injure yourself to worrying you are now not good enough.
Another difficulty for athletes during the trip back to training and competition will be the need for motivation, usually during the season athletes will have lots of motivation from external factors such as managers, fans and competitive games. Short term this need for motivation will not affect the athletes too badly as this need for motivation will increase over time as the grind of rehabilitation and this won't of affected them too badly. Long term as the reality of the rehabilitation sets in the need for external motivation will increase over time. If this external motivation does not happen then it's long term affect will mean that the athlete might struggle to keep up the intensity of rehabilitation needed to regain the level of performance they were at before the injury.
Need For Motivation
Something that be used to assist with the rehabilitation process is the use of goal setting, this is important as it can boost motivation and confidence as these improve as targets are met. Short term this gives the athlete something positive to focus on rather then the negative of the injury, it also keeps their competitive nature fulfilled as they have a target to aim for rather then just rehabilitating without aim. Long term this gives the athlete a more achievable way of returning to fitness as it reduces the rehabilitation to a series of small steps rather then one huge jump, this means their motivation will stay high throughout the process and could even end in resulting the rehabilitation going quicker than expected.
Use of goal setting
From this Prezi presentation you can see how athletes bodies deal with Physiological responses and Psychological responses when sustaining an injury. For an athlete to fully recover it is important that they receive the correct medical treatment but also that they have the right frame of mind to take on rehabilitation.
Unit 18, P3, P4, M2. Matthew Walker