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Flower Arranging

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by

Hannah Chen

on 18 February 2014

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Transcript of Flower Arranging

Ikebana
The Japanese Art of Flower Arranging
Introduction
Ikebana is the art of flower arrangement.
It is a hobby that has developed from a love of
nature. When involved in it, you can feel a connection
towards nature and be at peace. It is much more complex and meaningful than just putting a bunch of flowers in a vase. It requires an artistic eye to arrange the flowers into a beautiful and unique piece of art.



Some Plants used for Ikebana
By Angela, Hannah, and Elaina

History

Floral arrangements first began when Buddhism was introduced to Japan from China and Korea in the 6th century. Part of the worshiping included offering flowers in honor of Buddha, which has now evolved into the art it is today.
We hope you enjoyed!!
What is Ikebana?
It sounds like a foreign language...
Japanese!!
The country known for its beauty, including cherry blossoms and Mt. Fuji!
Bamboo
Camellia
Chrysanthemum
Orange
Plum
Apricot
Quince
Nandina
Narcissus
Rohdea
Peony
Willow
Winterberry
Wintersweet
Iris
Peach
Ikebana is taken seriously, as Japan has more than 3,000 schools that teach ikebana. It includes a wide range of styles. Most have became more modern during as ikebana changed through the 20th century.

In Japanese, Ikebana means "living flowers".
How to do it....
Ikebana is a skill that takes years to master. But here is how to make a basic ikebana arrangement. First...
Equipment
container (i.e: bamboo baskets, ceramic vases)
scissors, shears. or clippers (hasami)
floral wire and tape
kenzans (pinholders)
accessories
Being practiced for more than 600 years, ikebana has evolved in style and form so any person can enjoy the art. Styles of Ikebana are recorded in books like the Sedensho. It is the oldest Ikebana book and covers Ikebana styles from 1443 to 1536.
The first school of Ikebana dates back to approximately 500 years ago. In the Rokkaku-do Temple of Kyoto, there was a skilled flower arranging priest known as Ikenobo, which means "priest by the lake". He started the school, which was named after him. Scholars came to seek advice about the art from him . Later, priests and nobles began to learn and practice Ikebana.
Speaking of Styles...
Nageire
(Flung Flowers)
Note the bundled stems and classic triangular frame. Nageire is known as the "thrown in style". It is composed of three main branches at three different angles.
Rikka
(Standing Flowers)
This formal style was popular among priests and royalty. It was the very first style and was known as the 'Queen of Ikebana".
Seika
(Living Flowers)
The seika style was a simpler style that developed after rikka, showing the natural elegance of nature. It was more popular among the common people. Ten(heaven), chi(earth), and jin(human) are symbolized in seika.
Ikenobo
The Evolution of Styles
Don't forget the flowers! It'll be difficult without them...
Preparing the flowers
Give the flowers a fresh cut, preferably at an angle, and shape the flower. Take your time to find ways to enhance the flower's beauty. Remove any damaged leaves then place it out of direct sunlight, drafts, and heat.
Although ikebana allows one to express his or her creativity, there are special rules you should follow to when creating it.
The arrangement should be asymmetrical
There should be an odd number of stems
The stems should be different heights

Arranging the flowers
Now that the flowers are shaped, it's time to arrange them. Find a container that compliments the flowers and place the kenzan (pinholder) inside. Set the flowers where it looks best and don't lose sight of your theme.
CONGRATS!
You now know about ikebana! Congratulations on being informed about this unique and beautiful Japanese art!
Bibliography
www.ikebanahq.org
Sato, Shozo (2008).
Ikebana:

The Art of Arranging Flowers.
Japan: Tuttle Shokai Inc.
web-japan.org/kidsweb/virtual/ikebana/
www.japan-zone.com/culture/ikebana.shtml
www.sogetsu.or.jp/e/know/about/ikebana_history.html
Nelson, Andrew N. (1962)
The Modern Reader's Japanese English Dictionary.
Japan: C.E. Tuttle Co.

The People Who Practiced Ikebana

Ikebana first became an art form during the fifteenth century, with rules and restrictions. It became very popular with the imperial family and upper class people. The arrangements were admired and floral decorations could be seen at their homes. Later, it evolved into newer, simpler styles so that the common people could practice it as well.
Shears are for cutting and shaping the plant.
Rules for Ikebana
Did you know?
Ikebana is also known as kado, meaning the " way of the flowers".
Different plants are symbolic for specific festivals or occasions.
for New Years, pine is used
for the chrysanthemum festival, chrysanthemum is used
for the star festa, bamboo is used
Ikebana can decorate your house for any festival.
Let's begin!
The Elements of Ikebana
Ikebana artists need to consider many things when making a creation...
use of space
height and shape of stems
color compatibility
size proportions of plants and vase
theme
Moribana
The special aspect of moribana is that it uses shallow, flat vases. It means "piled up flowers" because the flowers are arranged in a flat mound.

A Test For a Treat!
Where did Ikenobo come from?
Kyoto
Full transcript