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Slime and Water molds
Transcript of Slime and Water molds
Fungi and water molds are good examples of convergent evolution which occurs when two organisms develop similar characteristics independently because of adaptions to similar environments Slime Molds and Water Molds What are Slime Molds? Plasmodial slime molds Whate are Cellular slime molds? Water Molds Characteristics of Watermold Definition single-celled
mass of cells called a slug, when they run out of food
Some of the cells then form a fruiting body, others form spores (Nester, 2011)
figure 12.15 on page 295 "super-amebas"
- can reach up to to 0.5 Meters in diameter
- widespread and visible to the naked eye in nature
- often brightly colored
- also in Figure 12.15 of the textbook
After germination of haploid spores, the cells fuse to form a diploid cell.
-this stage is called PLASMODIUM (Nester, 2011)
form masses of white threads on decaying material/organic matter
cause of some serious diseases of food crops such as late blight of potato and downey mildew of grapes (Nester, 2011)
Produce sexually and asexually cellulose in cell walls; not chitin
lack chloroplasts; non photosynthetic
have flagellated reproductive cells Terrestrial organisms composed of ameboid cells that live on soil, leaf litter, or the surfaces of decaying vegetation, where they ingest organic matter by phagocytosis. (Nester, 2011) http://biology.unm.edu/ccouncil/Biology_203/Summaries/Protists.htm http://www.biology.ed.ac.uk/archive/jdeacon/FungalBiology/slime.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oomycete http://faculty.ccri.edu/lmfrolich/Microbiology/eukaryotes.htm A water mold is a parasitic or saprobic organisms living mainly in fresh water or moist soil
They obtain their metabolic energy from decaying plant and animal material, or by attacking plants, fungi, and algae
Secrete digestive enzymes on to a substrate and absorb small molecules for nutrients
Water Molds ( Oomycetes) References http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science/water-mold.html http://faculty.ccri.edu/lmfrolich/Microbiology/eukaryotes.htm http://biology.unm.edu/ccouncil/Biology_203/Summaries/Protists.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oomycete http://www.biology.ed.ac.uk/archive/jdeacon/FungalBiology/slime.htm
- because they ingest microorganisms and thus serve as food for larger predators (Nester, 2011)
Cellular slime molds
Plasmodial slime molds Why are Slime Molds Important? Figure 12.15 What is Plasmodium? Multinucleate mass of protoplasm bounded only by a plasma membrane, the main vegetative form of acellular slime molds - basically oozes over surfaces like decaying wood and leaves and ingests the organic debris and microorganisms
(Nester, 2011) Figure 12.16 - Watermold Learning Objectives - Compare and contrast the two types of slime molds as well as water molds
- Explain how fungi and water molds provide and example of convergent evolution Evolutionary Significance (Nester, 2011) Nester E., Anderson D., Roberts C., & Nester, M. Microbiology a Human Perspective. Seventh Edition, 2011. http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=GScyw3ammmk http:/www.youtube.com/watch?v=7zfWRPWehlE