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02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan
Transcript of 02.10 Medieval Europe and Japan
1. What time period does The American Cyclopaedia use to explain the “Dark Ages?”
The fifth century(400 CE) to the beginning of the fifteenth century(1400 CE), almost corresponding with the middle ages.
1. Do you think the style of the book
suggests anything about its value? Explain.
I think that the style of the book suggest that the book is very valuable. It has a very intricate pattern with hand drawn symbols that suggest that a lot of time and effort was put into the making of the book.
3. How did the Magna Carta lay the foundation for democracy?
The Magna Carta laid a foundation for democracy because it limited the monarch. No one can be taken to prison without having a trial
or proven guilty. Also, they let the people have rights and power
kind of like they do today.
1. Based on this excerpt, do you think trade was instrumental
in the spread of Buddhism to Japan? Explain.
1. How do you think the Crusades may have influenced the trade routes shown on this map? Explain.
2. Do you think the painter of this picture viewed Joan of Arc as a heroine? Explain.
Yes, I do think that the painter viewed Joan of Arc as the heroine. I think that this is the case because of the strong look on her face, she does not look defeated. There is also the armor she is wearing, the flag she is holding, and the sword in her hand.
1. How did religion influence the Magna Carta?
Religion influenced the Magna Carta because of the church. The church was highly influential and controlled almost everything. In Article 1 they granted to God that the English church would become free and have all its rights and liberties.
2. How did the Magna Carta limit the power of King John?
King John no longer had more rights than the rest of the people, the Magna Carta made it so everyone had equal rights. He could no longer take people's money for no reason or deny them their rights of justice. He could no longer do anything he wanted.
1. How does this painting show the influence of religion on politics?
This painting shows the influence of religion on politics. I know this because the woman is holding a flag that has three angels that are holding books.
3. How does this painting combine the style of the ancient Greeks and Roman artists with that of the artists of the Middle Ages? Give examples.
The painting combines the styles of the Greeks and Romans in the armor she has on. It was inspired
during the Middle Ages and the designs or
image on the flag represent the
3. Does this definition resemble more the original meaning of the “Dark Ages” or the meaning it gained over time?
2. Does “intellectual depression” refer to the people of the “Dark Ages” or historical knowledge of the time?
I think that "intellectual depression" refers to the historical knowledge, because for a long time historians didn't know much about the "Dark Ages". But it could now mean the people and the limited knowledge and innovations that came from the time.
I think that it is more a definition that resembles the original meaning of the words "Dark Ages". Historians called this period the dark ages
because they thought that nothing
happened, but now they are
learning this is not true.
2. When was the edition in this image published? How does that relate to its original publication?
3. What do the types of poems in this collection tell you about Japanese society at this time?
The edition in the image, the Gen'ei edition, was published in 1120 CE. I think it was originally published between 897 CE and 930 CE, during the reign of Emperor Daigo.
It tells me that Japanese society was in a good time. They had happy topics to their poems like the seasons and love. They also had lots of time to make the poems
and to put them together
into a book.
2. Which cities shown on the map do you think were most affected by ideas from foreign lands? Which cities were least affected by ideas from foreign lands? Explain.
3. How might trade have affected the culture of people living
in the areas shown along the trade routes?
The crusades most likely kept trade from working between Christians and Buddhists, because the Islams were against the Christians and most of the trade routes went through their territory.
I think that the cities with large trade routes were affected the most. This is because they had foreign traders that came through and each brought their own ideas from their homes. The cities that were least affected were the ones that are far from the trade routes because they didn't get the influence from the foreign traders.
Trade might have affected the culture of
the people because they might have more possessions from different places and
cultures. They also might have
more varied beliefs
2. Summarize the trade relations described in this excerpt. Do you think the geographic locations of Japan, China, and Korea contributed to this trade? Explain.
3. How do you think people in Japan, China, and Korea were affected by the trade described here? Explain.
I think that trade was instrumental in the spread Buddhism to Japan. This is because priest often went along on the trading journeys, and spread their faith.
I think that the geographical locations did contribute to the trade. China and Korea would trade silk, brocades, cotton, tea, books,copper coins, and porcelain with Japan. In return Japan would give them swords, folding fan, sulfer, copper, and silver. Because of their locations it made it very easy for them to trade between themselves.
The people most likely had most everything they needed, it sounds like Japan got the better end of the deal. The people had stuff from
both of the cultures and the different religious items that
other countries brought over for trade.
“Is ‘the Dark Ages’ an appropriate term to describe the Middle Ages?”
The term "Dark Ages" is not an appropriate term to describe the middle ages. When you think of a time period as dark, you think of it as a horrible time for the lands and the people. 'Dark' makes you think of the time being full of death and hate, when the Middle Ages was quite the opposite. It was mostly a time of peace and the people were full of life and happiness.
According to the dictionary entry of "the Dark Ages", it was a time of intellectual depression. This means that the people had limited knowledge and little innovation came from this time. Historians originally thought that nothing came of the middle ages and this is why they were called the that in the future. It was not until later that they realized this was only true of the first part of the middle ages, but historians just grouped all of the middle ages together under one name. The name 'Dark Ages' had lost meaning, but with the new evidence the meaning changed, but it is still not accurate.
In the middle ages, there were many accomplishments that were overlooked when it was named the Dark Ages. The people did many great things in the middle ages, and if these things had not been brought about then we would not have the systems and life we do today. For example, when the King was abusing his power, the people stood up and the Magna Carta was created. The Magna Carta was the foundation for today's democracy. It gave the people more rights and power and made it so the king could not do whatever he wanted.
There were also many poems that were created during this time. Emperor Daigo had a book put together, called the
that was made up of about 1,000 of these poems. All of these poems and the beautiful and intricate book they were put in, all point to the Middle ages being full of creativity and happiness. Many of the topis of these poems were travels, the seasons, or love. The poems that were put into the book, were just a small fraction of the works of art that were created during this time in history.
For all of these reasons and many more, the term "Dark Ages" is not at all an appropriate title for the Middle Ages. Where 'dark' would make you think of death and bad times the middle ages, even though it did have it's bad spots, was a good time in history.Without the discoveries and accomplishments made in the Middle Ages, our world today would be very different and most likely not in a good way.