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Ecozones - Montane Cordillera

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Diana Tzinis

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Ecozones - Montane Cordillera

Located Most of southern British Columbia and parts of Alberta Montane Cordillera Ecozone What ARE Ecozones? Landforms Soils and Vegetation Ecozones - also known as ecological zones are regions grouped together by factors that are either physical, biological or human. In the Montane Cordillera there are small lakes and wetlands which are spread out accross the landscape. It also contains large lakes and rivers. Climate and Temperature: Soils: Ecozones are formed when Canada's landforms, water, soil, climate, geological history and natural vegetation are combined with the activities of animals and humans. Water Bodies: The Montane Cordillera is very mountainous and rocky--as it is said in the name. The major plains in this ecozone are larger in the North, and elongate out as intermontane valleys towards the South. A lot of these valleys (and plains) consist of glacial and lake deposits from ancient times (rocks and ridges). The Mountains contain debris of fallen rock and rocky outcrops. The larger mountain ranges in the Montane Cordillera such as the Rocky and Columbia Mountains were created from folding and faulting (made from the tectonic plates). Mountains and Valleys: Wildlife Wildlife in the Montane Cordillera is very diverse. Many species have had to adapt to the harsh climate. Some of these species would be; Mountain Goat, Gyrfalcon, White-tailed and Willow Ptarmigan, Water Pipit and Rosy Finch. Mule Deer, Rocky Mountain Elk, Stone Sheep, Grizzly Bear and Black Bear, and they’re common in meadow habitats. Human Activities Human activities include: Climate Most of the ecozone has a continental climate--which is very extreme due to no climate regulation from bodies of water. It receives cool moist winters and warm dry summers, due to air masses that are moving East. Temperatures vary based on specific areas--altitude. On higher elevations, the daily average temperature is never above 10 degrees celsius. In the forested slopes, the daily average temperature is never above 0 degrees celcius. Precipitation: This ecozone receives a lot of precipitation because of the high elevation of the mountains and the fact that this area is close to the Pacific Ocean. The moisture cools and condenses as it reaches higher elevation which results in precipitation. After all the rain is released, there is a rainshadow that is cast by the Coast Mountains over the valleys. This creates the driest climate in British Columbia. The moisture increases again when it rises up The Rockies and other large Mountains East of the ecozone. The annual precipitation is about 1200 mm - 2200 mm at higher elevations and 500 mm - 800 mm in the interior. The north mainly consists of rich soils, while the southern inland plains support grasslands. Poor acidic soils are found in the humid mountain regions. Vegetation: The amount of vegetation changes according to altitude. The Alpine areas only contain herbs, and shrubs, when the subalpine areas, are populated by lodgepole pin, and Engelmann spruce. The Montane Cordillera’s vegetation splits off into 3 areas with decreasing elevation. Grassland vegetation is found in dry valleys, there’s a marginal band at higher elevations that consists of alpine fir, lodgepole pine and Engelmann spruce; a second area contains lodgepole pine Douglas-fir, ponderosa pine and trembling aspen, and another area containing, western redcedar, western hemlock, Douglas-fir and western white pine in the southeast. Wildlife Cont'd In the middle, and higher elevations Mountain Goat, Moose, Caribou and Mule Deer are common, and Rocky Mountain Elk, Bighorn Sheep, White-tailed Deer and Stone Sheep are more rare.

The conifer forests provide residence for fur-bearers such as Marten, Fisher, Red Squirrel and Wolverine. There are a large amount of different birds, and Grizzly, and Black Bears are the most common large mammals.

Animals like Pygmy Nuthatch and Yellow-pine Chipmunk like to foarge conifer seeds, settle in the Ponderosa Pine parklands, aswel as the Mule Deer and White-tailed Deer who settle there because of the sufficient light for shrubs.

Small treeless bunchgrass areas, have a wide variety of different species, due to their wide range of habitats, for example they have grasslands, shrublands, wetlands and forests.

Development on the grasslands and lower slopes has unfortunately destroyed a lot of the habitats for many of the species. Mining , industy, vineyards and orchards, transportation, recreation and ranching There are national and provincial parks for people to visit in the Montane Cordillera The areas that are closer to sea level (such as valleys and slopes) are used for a lot of recreational activities. Activities include cycling, horse-back riding, hiking, hunting, fishing etc... The lakes and beaches in this ecozone are major tourist attractions--it can get really hot in summer The Dakelh

The Dakelh or Carrier are indigenous, to the Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada. The call themselves Dakelh because that means "people who go around by boat", and they speak Athabaskan.

The Dakelh are most active during the summer. That's the time when they could gather berries, and get the most fishing done. Fish is a massive part of their economy, but they also hunted deer, caribou, moose, elk, black bear, for their meat and pelts. Plants were not as important to the Dakelh, but they still used them for medicinal purposes. Cyrus and Diana Other attractions include:

"BC Wildlife Park, Kamloops Art Gallery, Western Canada Theatre, Kamloops Heritage Railways, Tobiano Golf Course, Kamloops Skate Park, Centre of the Universe, Kamloops Museum and Archives, Fossil Hunting, Dog Sledding, Helicopter Tours, Western Heritage Trails, and hundreds more!"
-Jake O., Wikispaces .com TRIBES
The Sekani tribe (Tsek'ehne) spoke their own language which was very similar to the Athabaskan language (which the Dakelh also spoke). The term Sekani means "people of the rocks" (because they live near the mountains in British Columbia)

Food, in this ecozone, was hard to come by. They mainly ate moose, caribou and black bear which was their most common hunt. Beaver and porcupine weren't hunted much, because they weren't as tasty to the Sekani. Beaver would be hunted mostly for its pelt. As for fish, the Sekani never caught any. They would only eat fish if it was an absolute necessity. Living near the mountains wouldn't have many fish.

The Sekani lived in caves and open huts due to the harsh weather conditions of the Montane Cordillera--they set up their sites close to ponds or rivers for water. The Sekani LINKS :D http://ca.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100426180826AAgzruW
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/sekani Dakelh Sekani barklodge McLeod Lake Banff National Park The Rockies Moraine Lake
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