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America Imperialism: Puerto Rico
Transcript of America Imperialism: Puerto Rico
Became a Spanish Colony by 1508
The Taino Indians REVOLT (Grito de Lares) resulting in most them getting wiped out and the rest escaped to the mountains
Spanish depleted the Gold Resources; sugar cane became the main resource
Under Spaniard Viceroyalty for 390 years “Grito de Lares” was the Puerto Ricans first rebellion against the Spanish. FAILED!
USS MAINE sinks at Habana, Cuba leading to USA's distrust of the Spanish USA uses Monroe Doctrine to invade Puerto Rico, which is a Spanish territory
The Spanish Governor of Puerto Rico believed war between the United States and Spain was inevitable
Results in The Spanish American war, where USA gains control of spanish territories including Puerto Rico itself. America's Interest Convenient Location Puerto Rico: rich in resources USA takes Puerto Rico Citizenship and laws At first Puerto Ricans were not granted US citizenship, the US Supreme Court appointed their governor and could veto any Puerto Rican law as stated by the Foraker Act of 1900 Until 1917 when Puerto Ricans were now allowed to freely travel to US mainland, Puerto Ricans became US citizens, men (and women later) could now vote for elections
Puerto Ricans cannot vote in American elections, but nor do they have to pay local income taxes which contribute to US national medicare and social security The Economy At first, large U.S. companies took over the sugar and tobacco plantations, forcing people off their small farms to become agricultural workers.
The Foraker Act allowed American corporations the chance to create sugar mills on Puerto Rican lands
Under American rule , Puerto Rico became a low-wage plantation economy- Puerto Ricans are working for USA economy, COLONIZED Puerto Rico? Almost everything produced in Puerto Rico is exported to the USA. Puerto Ricans needs must be imported from the US making the whole economy dependent on the U.S.All agricultural labor done at Puerto Rico, eliminated at their mainland (USA)
Big US industries began to pay low wages to manufacturing workers. Wages became about one-half of what they were in the US
Starting in 1917, many Puerto Ricans went to USA seeking employment THE PEOPLE Puerto Ricans unhappy with their freedom. They were citizens of their respective territories, not of America, they were denied statehood. Americans show cultural dominion. IMPERIALISM =
COUNTRIES BECOMING AMERICANIZED According to americans:“positive impact” “…the removal of cultural barriers through U.S. cultural imperialism will promote a more stable world…”
The fewer differences there are among cultures in the world the more likely conflicts will be prevented. POLITICAL CARTOONS Puerto Rico Today “freedom” Commonwealth democratic government economically supported by the USA Colony The U.S. colonial government represses the people. Massacres, jailing of political figures that seem threatening for the United States. The Puerto Ricans: never accepted this colonial situation. Fights, protests and revolts There was a vote on staying a commonwealth, becoming a state, or becoming independent and the majority chose to stay a commonwealth. America can use Puerto Rico's resources, but in return help them as a nation.
Puerto Ricans cannot change their status without the approval of the U.S. Congress - Puerto Rico is still a colony.
It is not fully independent, when it comes to defense and foreign relations, the USA is in control.