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The Battle of Cowpens
Transcript of The Battle of Cowpens
By: Joe Margareci, and Noah Arteaga Colonial Leaders Bum hole British Leaders Charles Cornwallis Charles Cornwallis was born at Grosvenor Square, London on December 31, 1738. After going to school at Eton, Cornwallis graduated from Clare College in Cambridge. Cornwallis was a very wealthy young man and instead of using his money to buy fun things, he inlisted in the army. Cornwallis quickly put him self away from the other aristocratic officers by using his knowlege to study military science. Also by attending the military academy at Turin, Italy Banastre Tarleton
Born on august 21, 1754 Banestre Tarelton was the son of the mayor of liverpool. Banestre had an upper class education and had gone to oxford university. When his father died Tarleton had recieved $5,000. Later on, Tarleton had in intrest on being a british officer. The Battle Battle map of cowpens . Major General Nathaneal Greene took command of the American army in the south, he divided it in 1780. After this, Greene led one wing of the army toward supplies at Cheraw, SC. The other part of the army was led by Brigadier Genereal Daniel Morgan to attack the British supply lines and to support the back country. Aware of the split in the southern army, Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton led a 1,100-man force to destroy Morgan's command. Taleton pursued into Northwestern South Carolina with a mixed force of calvarly and infantry. While Morgan led a force with Continetals, militia, and cavalry to cowpens. Morgan chose Cowpens (pastureland) because it was between the Broad and the Pacolet rivers which cut off his lines of retreat. Some of the militia from the back country from virginia, the carolinas, and georgia carried rifles and in many cases the Pennsylvania small calibre long rifle developed by the German gunsmiths of that colony. It was these riflemen who at the beginning of the battle shot down so many British officers and destroyed the proper control of the British line.
The Aftermath The Battle of Cowpens led to many deaths. Such deaths as 300 to 400 dead and wounded for the British, and there were also up to 600 British troops captured. While America sufered 120 to 170 casualties. The battle was small considering how many were involved, but it played a key role in the Revolution. It was a key role because it deprived the British of troops that were well need and it led to Cornwallis' future plans to be changed. Works Cited
"American Revolution - Brigadier General Daniel Morgan." The American Revolution - The Making of America and Her Independence. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://www.americanrevolution.com/DanielMorgan.htm>.
"American Revolution: Battle Of Cowpens." About.com Military History. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolution/p/cowpens.htm>.
"American Revolution: Lord Charles Cornwallis." About.com Military History. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/army/p/cornwallis.htm>.
"American Revolution: Nathanael Greene." About.com Military History. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/americanrevolutio1/p/greene.htm>.
"Cornwallis - Redcoats - British Military." Redcoats Boston Reenactment. Web. 01 Mar. 2012. <http://footguards.tripod.com/08HISTORY/08_cornwallis.htm>.
Cause of the battle:
The Cause of the battle was that the battle kills many british soliders that were needed by cornwallis. Therefore his future plans were alterd.