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History of Rock Music: Chapter 2

Hail, Hail, Rock and Roll

Mark Williams

on 19 October 2016

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Transcript of History of Rock Music: Chapter 2

Rerecord minor hits released by small companies.
Turn them into smash hits by making them less daring and gearing them towards white middle America.
Example: Fats Domino’s “Ain’t that a Shame” was covered by Pat Boone.
Major label recording practices
in the early 1950s
SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richard;
In 1959 he returned to the music business, but was never as popular as he had been earlier.
In 1962, he toured the UK supported by The Beatles and The Rolling Stones who were big fans.
In 1986 was one of the first inductees into the new Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He also appeared in the movie, Down and Out in Beverly Hills, scoring a hit with “Great Gosh-a-Mighty.”
In 2000 a made-for-TV film, Little Richard, starred Leon Robinson in the title role.
He is currently lives in Nashville and is confined to a wheelchair after a 2009 hip surgery went awry.
More Little Richard
“Little Richard” Penniman
Jerry Lee Lewis
Chuck Berry
Find artists “so talented and unique — or so outrageous — that their styles could not be easily imitated by other artists on the major labels.”
Who are 3 artists that fall into this category?
Goal of small record labels
Hail, Hail, Rock and Roll
Rock and Roll History II
SOURCES: Shirley, 30-32. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lewis
Jerry Lee Lewis
Cousin of Mickey Gilley and Jimmy Swaggart.
Joined Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, Roy Orbison, and Billy Lee Riley (Rockabilly artist) at Sam Phillips’ Sun Records in Memphis.
Recorded “Crazy Arms” in 1956.
Recorded “Whole Lotta Shakin’ Goin’ On” in 1957. Went wild kicking out the piano stool on the Steve Allen Show.
Nicknamed “The Killer” for his outrageous on-and-off-stage antics.
Jerry Lee Lewis (1935- )
Little Richard
SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richard;
Shirley, 24-25.
Born Richard Wayne Penniman.
Producer Bumps Blackwell was looking for a “new Ray Charles” for Specialty Records.
On September 13, 1955 Richard recorded “Tutti Frutti.”
The lyrics were changed from “Tutti-frutti loose booty” to “Tutti frutti all rooty” because Blackwell felt they were over the line. (Tutti-frutti was a slang term meaning a “gay male.”)
Little Richard (1932- )
SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry;
Had a #1 hit in 1972 with “My Ding-a-ling.”
In 1978 appeared as himself in
American Hot Wax
, a film bio of Alan Freed.
In 1979 pled guilty to income tax evasion.
In 1985 receives Lifetime Achievement Award at the 27th Annual Grammy Awards. Is backed by Bruce Springsteen at the Concert for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland.
In 1986 inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In 1987 publishes his autobiography.
Hail, Hail, Rock and Roll
, a documentary film tribute to Berry directed by Keith Richards is released.
In 2016 celebrated his 90th birthday with the announcement of his first album,
, in 38 years.
Still performs regularly.
More Chuck Berry
SOURCES: Shirley, 35-36; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry; http://www.chuckberry.com/about/biography3.html
The dapper Chuck Berry
Born in St. Louis. Influences included Nat King Cole, T. Bone Walker, and Muddy Waters.
In 1955 Waters discovered him at a small blues club in Chicago and introduced him to Leonard and Cliff Chess of Chess Records who had recently signed Bo Diddley.
In September ’55 he recorded “Maybellene,” a remake of the country hit, “Ida Red (May)” which reached #5 on the pop charts and #1 on the R&B charts.
Chuck Berry (1926- )
SOURCES: Shirley, 34; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Screamin%27_Jay_Hawkins
Screamin’ Jay Hawkins
Jalacy Hawkins (1929-2000).
Known primarily for the song, “I put a spell on you.”
At the beginning of his shows, he would emerge from a coffin dressed in a Dracula-like cape. Also used leopard fur and red leather.
Cited Paul Robeson and Enrico Caruso as influences.
The film, Stranger than Paradise, repopularized “I put a spell on you” in 1983.
Hawkins also appeared in the film, Mystery Train, as a hotel night clerk.
Sidebar: Screamin’ Jay Hawkins
SOURCE: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lewis; http://theband.hiof.no/albums/the_pilgrim.html
Lewis with fan Lisa Marie Presley
1n 1986 was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In 1989 was the subject of the film, Great Balls of Fire, starring Dennis Quaid based on the book by his ex-wife Myra.
In February of 2005 he was given a Lifetime Achievement Award by the Recording Academy.
In 2006, he released Last Man Standing with an “amazing list of guest artists.”
More Jerry
SOURCES: Shirley, 32-33; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Lee_Lewis
Jerry Lee at the piano.
“Breathless“ and “Great Balls of Fire.”
In December 1957 wed his 13 year old second cousin, Myra Gale Brown, starting a scandal that hurt his career.
In 1958 appeared in the film, High School Confidential, performing the title cut standing on the open deck of a truck.
Lewis’ hits (1957-1958)
Little Richard in a 1957 performance
SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Richard;
Shirley, 27-29.
“Long Tall Sally” / “Slippin’ and Slidin”
“She’s Got It,” Heeby-Jeebies,” “Lucille,” and “Jenny-Jenny.”
“His frantic performing style can be seen in such period films as Don't Knock the Rock (1956) and The Girl Can't Help It (1956), for which he sang the title song, written by Bobby Troup.”
In October 1957 he left show business to enroll at a Pentecostal Bible college.
His vocal style would influence Paul McCartney, Mick Jagger, and John Fogerty (Creedence Clearwater Revival).
Richard’s hits 1956-57
SOURCES: Shirley, 38-39; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuck_Berry; http://www.chuckberry.com/music/charts.html
Chuck doing the “duck walk.”
Berry’s hits (1956-58)
“Roll Over, Beethoven,” “School Days,” “Johnny B. Goode,” and “Sweet Little Sixteen.”
Influenced numerous guitarists including Jimi Hendrix and Keith Richards.
Had legal troubles in 1960 and would never regain his popularity.
Fats Domino
"Ain't That a Shame"
Pat Boone
"Ain't That a Shame"
Little Richard
"Tutti Frutti"
Little Richard
"Long Tall Sally" from (Don't Knock The Rock, 1956)
Jerry Lee Lewis
"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On"
Jerry Lee Lewis
"Great Balls of Fire"
Screamin' Jay Hawkins
"I Put a Spell on You"
Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
"Johnny B. Goode"
Judas Priest
"Johnny B. Goode"
Interview with Tom Snyder (
The Late Show
, 1997)
Marty McFly
(From Back to the Future [1985] see 1:27)
Full transcript