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The Book of the Dead
Transcript of The Book of the Dead
Brae Eapen The Book of the Dead By: Katie Bowling Plot Summary The Chapter of Not Letting the Body Perish Osiris is talking about what will become of him after he dies
He says that he must be buried with his earthly possessions
pharaohs were seen as gods of earth
He talks about not letting his body decay - which supports the theory of mummification
Osiris believes that if he is mummified his body will not perish when he enters the Land of Eternity By: Brittany Packard Universal Questions 1.Is there a God?
a.Yes. The Egyptian culture operated under a polytheistic religion. They looked up to many major deities and praised and loved the God’s that they looked up too.
“Hail to thee, O my Divine Father Osiris! I cam to heal thee!” Kaster, 52
“Hail to thee, O my father Osiris! Thou livest with thy members.” Universal Questions and Answers posed by the Book of the Dead (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr 2. Is there an afterlife?
Yes. The Egyptians mummified their dead Pharaoh’s and buried them with many worldly possessions because they believed that once they arrived in the afterlife they would be blessed with all they had taken with them. They also believed that if they were a good person in ‘real life’ then in the after life they were even better.
Ex. “Thou didst not decay, thou didst not become worms, thou didst not wither, thou didst not putrefy. I am Khepri, and my limbs shall have eternity!”
Ex. “I shall wake up in contentment; I shall not putrefy; my intestines shall not perish; I shall not suffer injury. My eye shall not decay; the form of my face shall not disappear; my ear shall not become deaf. My head shall not be separated from my neck. My tongue shall not be removed, my hair shall not be cut off. My eyebrows shall not be shaved away, and no evil defect shall befall me.” The Book of the Dead Noah and the Flood Number of Gods Storyline - “…and God made a wind pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged.” - " Grant that I may descend into the Land of Eternity..." - "And the Lord said, "I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of air; for it repenteth me that I have made them." -”O my divine Father Osiris!...I shall not see corruption before the eye of Shu!” Differences Polytheistic (many Gods) Monotheistic (one God) God is destroying all the Life on Earth because of the sin in the world. The people are asking the Gods to grant them eternal life. So they may live on forever in the afterlife. The Book of the Dead and Adoration of the Disk Noah and the Flood and The Creation and the Fall In both the people worship the God(s) and they want them to like them to give them something. Gods Created earth and all life that is on it. " And Noah builded an altar unto the Lord; and took of every clean beast, and of every fowl, and offered burnt offering on the altar." "They heart created all, this teeming earth, Its people, herds, creatures that go afoot, Creatures that fly in air, both land and sea, Thou didst create them all within thy heart." "In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth....Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creatures that hath life, and the fowl that may fly above the earth....Let the earth bring forth the living creature of his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind...So God created man in his own image..." SIMILARITIES " Hail to thee, O my Divine Father Osiris! I came to heal thee! Do thou heal me, that I may be complete, and that I may be, indeed, like unto my divine father Khepri..." The Book of the Dead Noah and the Flood Adoration of the Disk The Creation and the Fall The people worship many gods and they want to be given everlating life Noah worships one god and he wants to make sure that God knows that, so he makes an offering to God. Akhenaten believes that the sun God Aten created the whole world. Acording to Genesis, God Created the World in a week. The Book of the Dead The Book of the Dead Noah and the Flood Noah and the Flood THE END By: Brae Eapen Historical and Cutural Background The Book of the Dead was based on the myth of Osiris
• Osiris was a god who taught humans arts of civilization
• His younger brother Set, became jealous and killed
Osiris for the throne
• Osiris’s sister,
Iris found his body and brought it back to life, becoming
lord of the underworld Egyptian beliefs-
Egyptians have based several burial
rituals on this myth.
• They believed that when a pharaoh died he/she
came back to life as Osiris.
• The King’s followers would celebrate this by reciting
hymns and prayers based on the Osiris myth
Eventually the Egyptians believed people of nobility
• Anyone who has a good life on earth
could become Osiris
• The proper prayer must be written on the
• The burial scrolls were called “The chapter of
Coming Forth by Day” to show their
positive expectations for the afterlife. Style Elements Repetition & Sentence Length In the Book of the Dead Orsiris Nu begging to the Gods says repeatedly. “I shall not decay, I shall not rot, I shall not putrefy…I shall exist! I shall exist! I shall live! I shall live!” Effect on Reader The use of repetition shows the reader the
urgency of Osiris Nu. By repeating his words
he makes his point of entering into the
Land of Eternity stronger. Also by the
sentences being so short, shows the reader concise
and main points of the text. Imagery & Parallel Structure In the poem, “I’m going downstream on Kingswater Canal” the speaker says “ With my eyes upturned toward the holy garden and my arms full of flowering branches and my hair heavy…” The use of the sensory and action phrases and words show the reader mental images of the speaker, which help better understand the poem.
This is also an example of parallel structure the two action in one line also show the reader create an illustration of the scene.