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Ancient Greek Architecture

Donald's and Noah's english project

donald nicholls

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Architecture

By: Donald Nicholls and Noah Qudwa Ancient Greek Architecture In early 700's B.C., the Greeks began building temples out of marble and brick instead of wood. Of these buildings, there were three major orders, or styles, for temples. Each style of temple had its own type of columns and designs. The three types of columns were: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. Doric Columns As far as social classes went, the slaves and lower class men built these great buildings while the wealthy, upper class men designed them and gave instructions. As the oldest type of column, the Doric was also the most common in ancient Greece. These columns had no base, the bottom piece, and very simple designs at the capital, the top piece. Sizes of these columns varied with certain ratios the Greeks used. Doric columns tended to be 5 to 7 times taller than the width of its lowest diameter. Social Classes Doric Columns The second style of orders are the Ionic columns. This style is found mostly in eastern Greece. These columns are thinner and more elegant. Its capital has a scroll like design called a "volute." Depending on the lowest diameter of the column, they would stand 9 to 10 times taller than that number. Ionic Columns Lastly, we have the most decorative style, the Corinthian columns. These orders became popular after the rule of Alexander the Great. This style was rarely used in the Greek empire but often seen on Roman temples. Its capital is very elaborate and decorated with the leaves of an acanthus plant. The sizes of these orders did not have a clear ratio to its diameter. Corinthian Columns
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