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Copy of Sub-Saharan Africa Unit Visuals

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Amber Ladd

on 6 March 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Sub-Saharan Africa Unit Visuals

Sub-Saharan Africa MAP Physical Geo Challenges Cultures features economic activities processes ethnic groups countries conflicts apartheid Sub-Saharan Africa! Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Lake Victoria Sahel Sahara Why do we study Sub-Saharan Africa seperately from North Africa? Sub-Saharan Africa = many languages, various religions, varied development levels North Africa = Arabic language, Islam, developing economies Darfur Tanzania South Africa Uganda Rwanda Sudan South Sudan Rainforest Equator Plate Movement Congo Basin Kalahari Desert Namib Desert Ethiopian Plateau Great Rift Valley Terms infrastructure a long, thin valley created by the moving apart of continental plates in east Africa Rift Valley a disease affecting a large population over a wide geographic area pandemic Cholera acquired immune dificiency syndrome (AIDS) a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that breaks down the immune system sign in South Africa apartheid a policy of complete separation of the races, instituted by a white minority government of South Africa from 1948-1992 Nelson Mandela cash crop animism natural boundary famine ethnic group genocide Examples: ocean, mountains, river, lake, etc. naturally occuring barrier between countries the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group Rwanda, 1994 one of the leaders of the African National Congress who led a struggle to end apartheid and was elected president in 1994 in the first all-race election in South Africa. a group of people who share language, customs, and a common heritage. Examples: power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, education system the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going the belief that natural objects and phenomena possess spirits that hurt or help people Examples: coffee, tea, sugar, bananas a crop grown for direct sale and not for use in the region a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including crop failure, population unbalance, or government policies Somalia, 1990s http://worldmap.harvard.edu/africamap/ Harvard Map of Africa with Overlays Physical Processes Physical Features 1. Namib Desert
2. Great Rift Valley
3. Sahel
4. (your choice)
5. (your choice)
6. (your choice) ___________________ Think about:
climate, glaciation, tectonic movement, effects of water bodies, erosion, etc. Use these maps for your Preview. Readings Write in complete sentences. Fill in this column based on the information in the table. The Maasai are one of the most distinct and well known cultural groups in Africa. They are an indigenous semi-nomadic group with distinct customs and rituals. They live in Kenya and parts of Tanzania. Present day. Lip plates are a form of body modification. It is practiced in many different cultures around the world. In Africa, many women follow the practice as it is seen a form of beauty. In some culture, women who do not have the adornment cannot marry. Notable groups that still practice this tradition include the Sara (Chad), Mursi, and Surma (both in Ethiopia) people. Namibia is located in southern Sub-Saharan Africa. At one time it was a colony of Germany (1884). The Herero is an ethnic group with about 240,000 members. They tend livestock for a living. The Victorian style of dress is made up of a horn-shaped head gear and long-sleeved dress. The style of dress was influenced by the German colonists and missionaries. Married women today still were this traditional attire. Ancient Map Colonialism Map Present Day Map Effects of Bantu Migrations
agriculture
iron
common cultural identity
common language roots Effects of Colonization:
slave trade
missionaries
ethnic tensions and wars
modernization and decline Present Day:
How did the political boundaries change over time?
What factors influenced the changes? Cultural Web Example: Country Name General Info General Info General Info arts info languages info institutions info religions info With a partner (who has a different country than you do), create a VENN DIAGRAM of the countries' cultures. There will be similarities and differences between your two countries. Use images as well as words.
After you complete the venn diagram, write a PARAGRAPH SUMMARY of your diagram's information. Venn Diagram Directions: Country 1 Similarities Country 2 Paragraph Summary ________________
________________
________________
________________
________________ Partner Names Example! Many different ethnic groups forced into Yugoslavia
Bosnian Serbians put Bosnian Muslims into concentration camps
UN had no military power, US and NATO finally stepped in
Have convicted people of “crimes against humanity” Every genocide begins with two sides:
US and THEM Things to Remember… Cambodia, 1975-79
2 major ethnic groups
Communists took over and arrested “new citizens”
About 1.5 million people killed Other Recent Genocides The LRA began raids in the 1980s against the Ugandan government
2 million civilians have been affected by poverty, displacement, violence, child abductions, and starvation
LRA was labeled a terrorist group in 2001
2008 – LRA moved into the Democratic Republic of the Congo Uganda and DRC Belgium colony
Tension between Hutu (majority) and Tutsi (minority) tribes.
Hutu rebels (extremists) took over after the President’s plane was shot down and controlled the radiowaves.
In 90 days, 800,000 people were killed with machetes. Rwanda, 1994 1. Classification - Us vs. Them
2. Symbolization - Make distinctive
3. Dehumanization --> Justification
4. Organization
5. Take out the "Middle"
6. Preparation - Lists, transports
7. Extermination - Murder of "non-humans"
8. Denial of numbers and reasons 8 Stages of Genocide “Genocide” – word was coined in 1948 by a Polish Jew speaking out against the Holocaust

"Geno" = people
"Cide" = kill North Sudan – Muslims
South Sudan– Christian and Animist
Issues: religion and oil control Darfur, 2003 Conflict in Africa United Nations definition:
Killing or causing harm to a national, ethnical, racial or religious group with the intent to destroy. Rwanda, 1994 pictures of victims at the Rwanda National Museum Darfur, 2000s Janjeweed Rebels Darfur (West Sudan)
wanted recognition and a voice.
Arab Janjeweed arrived and carried out “scorched earth”.
1,000s have been killed. Issues are still ongoing. Uganda, 2000s Trial for War Crimes Cambodia Bosnia, 1992 Eastern Europe in the 1990s Genocide doesn’t require the people to be supportive. All that’s needed is for the people to REMAIN SILENT. http://www.pbs.org/pov/twelvedisciples/video_classroom1.php Living Under Apartheid Video http://www.itvs.org/films/have-you-heard-from-johannesburg Have You Heard from Johannesburg video Nelson Mandela bio
6 min. Y = unity, coming together Red, white and blue are on the Netherlands and UK flags (former colonists) Green, yellow, and black are from the African National Congress flag South African flag, adopted in1994
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