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Spanish Verb Conjugation

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Spanish Lovinitt

on 21 April 2016

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Transcript of Spanish Verb Conjugation

PRETERITE (AR, ER, IR)
é, aste, ó, amos, aron
Imperfect Tense - Used to Communicate Actions that You Used to Do Often.
AR - Imperfect Endings
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE = DOING SOMETHING RIGHT NOW, AT THIS VERY MOMENT.
ESTAR + VERB STEM + ANDO OR IENDO, and OCCASIONALLY YENDO (caer, leer, distribuir, etc...).
Preterite & Imperfect Together:
Was the action completed or continuing?

Did that action occur at a specific time?

Was the action continual, repeated, habitual, or happened again and again?

Does it matter exactly when the action occurred?


Spanish Verb Conjugation: For the Record ~
O, AS, A, AMOS, AN
ER VERBS, PRESENT TENSE:
O, ES, E, EMOS, EN
IR VERBS, PRESENT TENSE:
O, ES, E, IMOS, EN
SPANISH 1 - WEIRD VERBS - PRESENT TENSE:
IR, SER, ESTAR, TENER, DAR
STEM-CHANGING VERBS, PRESENT TENSE
USING VERBS TO TALK ABOUT ACTIONS THAT ARE HAPPENDING NOW.
AR - Present Tense
QU
E
RER (
E
->
IE
): QU
IE
RO, QU
IE
RES, QU
IE
RE, *QU
E
REMOS, QU
IE
REN
INTERESTING COMBINATIONS:
1. TENER QUE = TO HAVE TO
TENGO QUE IR A LA CASA.
2. IR A = TO BE GOING TO
YO VOY A COMER UNA VACA.
YO ESTOY COMIENDO LA PIZZA.
í, iste, ió, imos, ieron.
ar
er/ir
Irregular Preterite - Past Tense
ser / ir
fui, fuiste, fue, fuimos, fueron
dar, ver
di, diste, dio, dimos, dieron

vi, viste, vio, vimos, vieron
Present Tense - Weird Yo Forms (Especially Go Verbs)
tener, hacer, venir, salir, traer, poner, decir
aba, abas, aba, ábamos, aban
ER/ IR - Imperfect
ía, ías, ía, íamos, ían
These are sometimes called shoe verbs, or boot verbs because they only stem-stem change in the *boot or shoe.
Reflexive Verbs - Present Tense
Actions that people do for themselves.
They have a reflexive pronoun attached.
llamarse = to call oneself
1. se changes to: me, te, se, nos, se
2. The rest of the verb follows the normal pattern(s).
llamarse: me llamo, te llamas, se llama, nos llamamos, se llaman
*Clarify by putting a subject pronoun before the reflexive pronoun: yo, tú, él, ella, usted, nosotros, nosotras, ellos, ellas, ustedes.
Gustar, Interesar, Aburrir, Doler
Me / Te
Gusta(n)
Conversation Song
hacer: hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicieron

querer: quise, quisiste, quiso, quisimos, quisieron

venir: vine, viniste vino, vinimos, vinieron

estar: estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvieron

andar: anduve, anduviste, anduvo, anduvimor, anduvieron

tener: tuve, tuviste, tuvo, tuvimos, tuvieron

poder: pude, pudiste, pudo, pudimos, pudieron

poner: puse, pusiste, puso, pusimos, pusieron

saber: supe, supiste, supo, supimos, supieron

decir: dije, dijiste, dijo, dijimos, dijeron
decir, digo, dices, dice, decimos, dicen
go, and stem changing, like tener.
1. querer (e>ie)
2. decir (e>i)
3. pedir (e>i)
4. servir (e>i)
5. *seguir (e>i)
6. empezar (e>ie)
7. perder (e>ie)
8. volver (o>ue)
9. tener (go / e>ie)
10. venir (go / e>ie)
Stem-Changing Preterite:

pedir, repetir, vestirse, preferir, divertirse, dormir

Here the e changes to i in the él and ellos forms, an the o changes to u in the él and ellos forms.
er / ir preterite endings are: í, iste, ió, imos ieron
ar preterite endings are: é, aste, ó, amos, aron
Irregular Imperfect:

ser: era, eras, era, éramos, eran

ir: iba, ibas, iba, íbamos, iban

ver: veía, veías, veía, veíamos, veían
Imperfect is also helpful when describing; people, appearance (era), emotions (estaba...), age (tenía...), attitudes, desires (querría...), location (estaban...), places, events, things, weather (hacía...), and time (era, eran) - in the past.
Habitual clues:
todos
siempre
durante los veranos

Is the background being described? Was something going on, when all of a sudden...?

Completed clues:
ayer
anoche
Two actions in the same sentence:

Both can be preterite.

Both can be imperfect.

Both imperfect and preterite can be in the same sentence.
11. jugar (u>ue)
12. vestirse (e>i)
13. despertarse (e>ie)
14. dormir (o>ue)
15. acostarse (o>ue)
llamarse
despertarse (ie)
levantarse
afeitarse
bañarse
ducharse
lavarse
cepillarse
peinarse
maquillarse
ponerse
desayunarse
sentirse
enamorarse
reirse
quitarse
sentarse
acostarse (ue)
dormirse (ue)
MI rutina diaria- Sam el gato
Wheel of Musical Impressions with Ariana Grande
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