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Ideas Built into the US Constitution

The is a presentation that describes the various concepts of the US Constitution in a graphic and interactive format
by

Andy Boucher

on 5 January 2013

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Transcript of Ideas Built into the US Constitution

is important (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Written constitution
Clearly defined:
limits of government power
outlines the scope of individual liberty The branches of government check and balance each other's powers to keep one branch from becoming too strong and violating the rights of the people Federalism Checks
&
Balances Limited
Government President Supreme Court (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Congress Checks
&
Balances The power of government is separated between various levels of government so that one level of government doesn't hold all the power and doesn't become too strong. State Level County
Level City/town Level (cc) image by quoimedia on Flickr National
Level (Federal) Enumerated Powers:
To borrow money
To regulate interstate & international commerce
To establish Naturalization & Immigration laws
To print & coin money
To establish Post Offices
To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts
To set up a system of federal courts
To declare War, set up, fund a national military
Establish & govern a special federal district for a federal capital. The United States of America
Capital: Washington, D.C.
Largest city: New York City
Population: 312,399,000 State Powers (Reserved Powers)
anything not set apart for the national government in Amendments 9, 10
education
establish local governments
conduct elections
transportation
issue licenses
incorporate businesses
regulate intrastate commerce
protect public safety The State of Colorado:
Capital (and largest city): Denver
Largest metro area: Denver-Aurora-Broomfield MSA
Area Ranked 8th in the U.S.
104,094 sq mi (269,837 km2)
Population Ranked 22nd in the U.S.
(2010) 5,029,196
Ranked 37th in the U.S.
Elevation
Highest point: Mount Elbert 14,440 ft (4401.2 m)
Lowest point: Arikaree River 3,317 ft (1011 m Local government:
Maintain domestic peace
local taxes
Health laws Reserved for Counties in Colorado:
taxes
local protection & law enforcement
local emergency management
establish school districts & election school boards
establish local state courts El Paso County, Colorado:
Founded: November 1, 1861
Named: Spanish language name for Ute Pass
Seat: Colorado Springs
Largest city: Colorado Springs
Land Area: 2,129.56 sq mi (5,516 km²)
Population Estimate: 622,371
Website: www.elpasoco.com
Footnotes:
Most populous Colorado county Incorporated: June 19, 1886
Government
Type: Home Rule Municipality
Mayor: Steve Bach
Area
Land 185.7 sq mi
Elevation 5,975–7,200 ft
Population (2010)
City 416,427 (US: 41st)
Density 1,942.9/sq mi
Metro 645,613 Separation
of
Powers Judicial Power: Supreme Court The powers of government are separated into different branches in order to protect the rights of the people. Popular
Sovereignty Legislative Branch: The Congress Executive Branch:
The President (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Powers:
declare Congressional laws & Presidential actions unconstitutional Limits:
can't carry out laws
can't fund themselves
justices appointed by President, approved by Congres Powers:
pass laws
Funding (purse strings)
impeach executive and judicial officials
oversight and investigative powers
amend the Constitution Limits:
can't carry out the laws
short term (may not be reelected
legislative process is slow (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Powers:
declare Congressional laws & Presidential actions unconstitutional Limits:
can't carry out laws
can't fund themselves
justices appointed by President, approved by Congres Themes
that shape the
U.S. Constitution Title of Branch:
Congress
Divisions:
House of Representatives
Senate Purpose:
Pass laws
Activity:
Proactive Type of Powers:•
Legislative
oversight
Selections/Election:
Direct election by people Titles of Officials:
Speaker of the House
President of the Senate
President pro tempore of the Senate Title of Branch: Presidency
Divisions: Cabinet
Purpose: Enforce the laws Activity: Proactive
Type of Powers: executive Selections/Election:
indirect election by people
Electoral College Titles of Officials:
President
Vice President Title of Branch: Supreme Court
Divisions:
Supreme Court
Inferior Courts Purpose:
Interpret the laws
Settle dispute about the laws Activity: Reactive
Type of Powers: judicial Selections/Election:
Presidential Appointment
Senate approval Titles of Officials:
Chief Justice
Associate Justices Congress checks the power of the Supreme Court:
Determines the number of judges in the lower courts
Approves Federal Court judges and Supreme Court Justices
Controls funding for the courts
Overrides Court’s decision by rewriting the laws or amending the Constitution Congress Checks the Power of the President
Controls funding of President’s actions
Passes laws
Overrides presidential vetoes
Can impeach and remove the President
Has approval power over presidential appointments and treaties Congress Checks the powers of... The President Checks the Power of the Congress
Vetoes laws Congress passes
Proposes laws
Makes treaties, executive orders & agreements
Can refuse to enforce laws The President Checks the Power of the Supreme Court

Nominates federal judges and Supreme Court justices
Refuse to enforce the Court’s decisions
Grants pardons The President checks the powers of.... The Supreme Court checks the powers of.... Supreme Court Checks the Power of the Congress
Declares Congress’ laws or actions unconstitutional Supreme Court Checks the Power of the President
Declares the President’s actions unconstitutional Local (County) State Federal (cc) image by rocketboom on Flickr Local (City) President Supreme Court (cc) photo by medhead on Flickr Congress Checks
&
Balances Congress checks the power of the Supreme Court:
Determines the number of judges in the lower courts
Approves Federal Court judges and Supreme Court Justices
Controls funding for the courts
Overrides Court’s decision by rewriting the laws or amending the Constitution Congress Checks the Power of the President
Controls funding of President’s actions
Passes laws
Overrides presidential vetoes
Can impeach and remove the President
Has approval power over presidential appointments and treaties Congress Checks the powers of... The President Checks the Power of the Congress
Vetoes laws Congress passes
Proposes laws
Makes treaties, executive orders & agreements
Can refuse to enforce laws The President Checks the Power of the Supreme Court

Nominates federal judges and Supreme Court justices
Refuse to enforce the Court’s decisions
Grants pardons The President checks the powers of.... The Supreme Court checks the powers of.... Supreme Court Checks the Power of the Congress
Declares Congress’ laws or actions unconstitutional Supreme Court Checks the Power of the President
Declares the President’s actions unconstitutional The people delegate all their power to the government (republicanism)
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