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Transcript of CHEM-2014-Horticulturists-3-JP Pascua
JOHN PAUL PASCUA
. Due to the broad number of positions within the horticulturist business, the yearly wage can vary from the type of position a person has at a horticulturist site
. The average wage of a typical horticulturist groundskeeper and nursery worker at a site is around$32,000
. Plant and soil scientists earn an annual average wage of up to $64,000
. The typical hourly wage ranges from $10 - $20
. The growth within the horticulturist industry is expected to grow at an average of 12% between the years of 2010 and 2020
. Specific horticulturist positions, such as groundskeepers and nursery workers are expected to grow at a rate of 18%
. Plant and soil scientist opportunities are expected to increase at a rate of 16% by the year 2018
. A person pursuing a career as a horticulturist encompasses several advantages within other fields such as the food industry and genetic engineering
. They help improve food quality for all people by improving the quality of food that a specific crop yields and they are also able to display them in artistic ways
. Employment is very stable as there are a huge variety of positions and environments in which a horticulturist can serve
. In order to work at a higher position within a horticulturist site, such as a plant or soil scientist, a person is required to have a much more formal and higher form of education and knowledge, thus costing more money in the long run
. Along with requiring a higher education, there are very limited occupations at these higher horticulturist positions
. The lower job positions (that sometimes may not require a formal education), such as a groundskeeper and nursery worker do not pay nearly as well as the plant or soil scientist
. The real physical disadvantage is exposure to toxic chemicals as well as aging which degrade physical characteristics such as strength
. The typical work conditions for a horticulturist are not as optimal compared to the majority of other careers
. The positions at a horticulturist site employ the use of physical strength, as well as bending over
. They experience various types of temperatures and different air conditions depending on the position they work as
. For example a groundskeeper experiences changes in temperature, while a nursery worker and scientist typically work indoors where the work area is optimized for a better performance
WHAT IS A HORTICULTURIST?
. A horticulturist is a scientist who studies plants in order to create better ways to grow and harvest, as well as maintain them
. Typically, they study plants that bear fruits and vegetables, along with ornamental types; they also study ways to organize them and display them in creative ways
. The types of improvements they could make can be factors such as resistance to diseases and adaptation to growth in several different climates, as well as improvements in soil and fertilizers
. A horticulturist fills in several positions at a horticulturist site, as a person may find a horticulturist working in the field (a groundskeeper), at a plant nursery or greenhouse (nursery worker), or within a lab (plant/soil scientist)
. Regardless of the job, every position at a site of horticulture make up the general career of a horticulturist
OTHER ROLES OF A HORTICULTURIST
. Horticulturists work with plant pathologists in order to reach these scientific improvements
. They learn and gain new knowledge about cultivating plants and factors such as budding, cutting, grafting, layering, and seeding.
. Other than working to improve plant growth and conditions, they continually make sure plants are safe from pests and diseases, and are experienced in marketing and business
. Most positions as a horticulturist require at least a Bachelor's Degree in plant science or soil science, fields related to horticulture
. Some of these positions typically do not need any formal education at all, though the salary may not be optimal for the worker
. A higher or advanced degree helps to work higher positions that pay more
. Horticulturists are very well versed in the understanding and knowledge of plants and how they grow, as well as ways in which to preserve nature and the overall environment
. Classes and related majors that a student willing to become a horticulturist include, but is not limited to:
- Arboriculture (soil, forestry)
- Floristry (floral design, horticulture basics)
- Landscaping (plant materials, basic design)
- Nursery Technology (plant pest control, soil)
- Irrigation Technology (water conservation)
. Some students take up a language such as Spanish and a business class to help compliment when they get a position as a horticulturist in the future (helps with speaking to people that don't necessarily speak English and compromise and negotiation)
SCHOOLS THAT HORTICULTURISTS ATTEND
- Cornell University
- Michigan State University
- University of Georgia
- Mississippi State University
- Temple University
- University of Delaware
OTHER SKILLS AND CHARACTERISTICS
. Aside from knowledge about countless plants, fruits, and vegetables, a horticulturist is concerned about the overall preservation of nature
. They are able to communicate well and are well versed in the use of a computer to create presentations, research, and document their data
. They are creative and are often able to express their love for nature through the use of artistic design
. They are comfortable with working outdoors and physical labor, as well as working out of their own comfort zone
. Many students take on an internship before taking on a full time position
. Horticulturists are given several responsibilities while on the job, since there are many positions they fill up
. They carry out tasks that help maintain greenery as well as set them up into attractive displays
. They are in charge of protecting plants by spraying pesticides, herbicides, and making use of fertilizers
. They take record of the pesticides they use and keep track of the types of chemicals they use on the plants
. Aside from general plant work, they maintain the plant grounds and also supervise other workers by giving them assignments and making sure that the standards of the facility they are working on met
. They are to make sure the whole area is neat and clean and discuss topics about new plants and improvement ideas with other people and related companies
. Horticulturists typically work a 5-day week
. Each day they work 8 hours, for a total 40 hour week
. They work year-round, getting major holidays off
. Most higher positions of horticulture demand that graduates become licensed before taking up a career as a horticulturist
. This is generally done by completing their major and obtaining their Bachelor's degree (as mentioned in Educational Requirements) and having a few years of working experience
. Most importantly, most states, especially the most densely populated, require that graduates also pass a state licensing exam
. States that require licensure also recommend that these workers should continue their education to keep their licenses current and up to date
. The typical horticulturist working in the field dresses up semi-casually to fit their work environment and weather conditions
. The horticulturist scientists wear lab coats and wear protection such as safety glasses and gloves while doing research and experiments
. Some companies have specially designed shirts or lab coats that workers may be designated to wear
. A horticulturist is able to speak effectively and deal with the diverse backgrounds of people and other co-workers
. They display a seamless demonstration of teamwork with other members within the workplace
. They are organized in their workplaces and are able to support the team during group discussions
. They help each other with organization of plants, fruits, and vegetables, as well as marketing of foods and research technology and experiments
HOW IS CHEMISTRY RELATED?
. Horticulturists on the field work with several different types of equipment
. These range from pots, soils and fertilizers, water systems (conveyors, pails), trimmers, and bagging
. Plant and soil scientists make use of general lab tools, such as microscopes, stands, Bunsen burners
. Most of the lab research and improvements made come from the samples scientists obtain from groundskeepers and nursery workers
. Chemistry plays several roles in horticulture
. Plant and soil scientists use chemistry to study plant processes and how to improve plant nutrients
. They utilize their research to create new medicines and alternative fuels from plants and for plants
. They carefully study soils and plants, especially of fruits and vegetables, to make sure they are fresh, healthy, and free from pests and diseases
. Horticulture goes back to when immigrants from the eastern US were determined to grow several fruits, vegetables, and other types of crops
. Suel Foster revolutionized the beginnings of horticulture with the purchase of land in order to teach the subject matter
. By 1868, a college called the Iowa Agricultural College and Farm opened for students and the first classes were taught on October 21, 1869
. Due to the terms of the Land Grant College Act (passed in 1862), Iowa had given 294,300 acres of land, over which the campus was built with a purchase of 648 of those acres (at a cost of $5,379)
CORNELL UNIVERSITY CAMPUS
. Plant scientists have been working to breed various plants in order to adapt them to different climates
. There have been breakthroughs in which some plants can tolerate colder and hotter temperatures altogether that originally could not
. An example of a plant that can withstand higher temperatures is...
...an African Daisy
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