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Gender in Puerto Rican Music
Transcript of Gender in Puerto Rican Music
María López Thanks to music, many different societies around the world are related and come together.
Puerto Rican music has been recognized all over the world and that make it’s culture even more special and striking.
Music has contributed to societies by creating stereotypes toward gender roles and positions, which can be either positive or negative. Many historians attribute Juan Andino the creation of this gender.
In 1870 he made the rhythmic transformation that today we all know as Puerto Rican danzas.
It's the result of the mix of the Spanish ‘contradanza’ and the Cuban danza, also known as ‘habanera’. Reggaeton is a musical gender that reached popularity in the 90’s.
This genre has Jamaican reggae and Hip-Hop influences.
Reggaeton was created after songs of Reggae singer, Bob Marley, were sung in Spanish in Panamá.
According to the Merriam Webster Dictionary the word “music” means “the science or art of ordering tones or sounds in succession, in combination, and in temporal relationships to produce a composition having unity and continuity.”
Music also has been, throughout the years, a mechanism of manifesting social problems, love, hate, among other themes. Puerto Rican music culture has been in a constant change over history.
These genders do not only affect our culture, but also all music cultures around the World. Just like our language, Danza, Salsa and Reggaeton aren’t pure genders, they're a mixture of many others.
Music lyrics impact gender roles in society. This is what we'll be discussing in this presentation of the music genders of Danza, Salsa and Reggaeton. Just like Hip-Hop, Reggaeton tries to reach a teenager population with its lyrics and the vividness of its rhythm.
People can also identify Reggaeton as “perreo”, but this is a term that refers to the most commonly way of dancing Reggaeton. The lyrics mostly talk about dancing, love and sex.
The typical instruments used in Reggaeton are synthesized sounds of guitar, keyboard, bass and drum machine. Biggest Reggaeton exponents:
•El General: Panamanian artist of the 1970's. This singer is credited to have developed a unique sound of the music by singing Spanish lyrics over a fast Reggae beat.
•DJ Playero: considered one of the pioneers of the genre.
•Vico C: one of the founding fathers of Reggaeton. "Dale pal piso"
By: Watussi Ft Jowell, Ñengo Flow, Voltio & JQ “Tooa voy a moderte y aruñarte tooa
Hoy yo estoy pa maltratarte tooa
voy a comerte, esbaratarte tooa eh ohaheh” “no importa si es blanca no importa si es prieta” The initial danza is "La Margarita", also known as the teacher of danzas.
"La Margarita" is constructed with what many Puerto Rican know as "the elastic triplet" , because the measures may not always be exact.
The danza was very popular between the middle class and upper class. "Nuestro rosal”
By: Luis Marrero González "Yo fui quien por primera vez te besó
quien llenó de pasión probó tus encantos
quien derramó su amor en tu piel de nardo
quien despertó la virgen de su letargo,
quien derramó su amor en tu piel de nardo
quien despertó la virgen de su letargo.” "Tú eres”
By: Frankie Ruiz "Tú eres un demonio en traje de mujer
tú eres quien me quema cada amanecer
después de arrebatarme el sueño
"Tú eres la adicción que quiero mantener
tú eres un ciclón y yo no sé que hacer
si cuando estoy lejos de ti
me vuelvo nada.” "Ese hombre”
By: La India "ese hombre que tu vez ahi
que aparenta ser divino
tan amable y efusivo
solo sabe hacer sufir”
"es un gran necio
un estúpido engreído
egoísta y caprichoso
un payaso vanidoso
inconsciente y presumido
falso malo rencoroso
que no tiene corazón”
"insufrible como amor”
"me engañaste con traicion tu no tienes corazon”
"pocas veces carinoso
es un payaso vandioso que me llena de dolor
ya no voy a sufrir mas
ese hombre ya se va! "Así eres tú” "Bella y fragante flor
nacida en el vergel
así eres tú,
llena de encantos,
y es por eso que te canto
lo mejor de mi canción” "Desde que yo te conocí
un nuevo amor llenó mi vida,
y el sueño azul de mi ilusión fue convertido en realidad.
Esta pasión, perdurará mientras yo viva, porque te quiero de todo corazón.” Salsa emerged in the end of 1960, by Puerto Ricans that were living in New York, with the adoption of the afrocuban music.
The afrocuban music got to the United States in the 1922. La Salsa is a music genre that originated from the evolution and combination of many other music genres from different continents.
Genres that had influenced Salsa are:
*Montuno Cubano *El Danzonete
* Son Oriental *El Mambo * El Cha Cha Chá
*La Pachanga * El Songo *Jazz *Guaracha
* Guaguanco *La Bomba *La Plena
* Rhythm and Blues * El funky *El soul The name of Salsa was given during 1970's.
At the beginning, through Salsa Puerto Ricans communicated the trouble and situations they had in the US, ending the idea of the “American Dream”. They tried to reclaim equality.
Now a day’s Salsa, as many other genres, also expresses the variety and differences of values and gender situations that Latinos and Latinas experience. "What is Salsa? Salsa is flavour and spice. Salsa is Latin Soul.İ Salsa es Ritmo! Rhythm..."
-Izzy Sanabria The danza reveals our social order:
The man leads the destiny of the danza as he leads the destiny of the home.
Being married with a woman makes him feel complete and fulfilled. Gender roles in Salsa
Salsa is a musical industry dominated by men.Salsa music sing by men diffuse lyrics relating to woman hate or love.
It,also, continues with the patriarchal representation of woman.
Women are not far behind. They sing against the patriarchal point of view that men have of them. Also they have sung for political marketing and have made many duos with male singers. "...la jerga que nosotros utilizamos muchas veces no quiere decir lo que es el verdadero significado de la palabra. "
-Daddy Yankee "La Danza era como el Champagne, un baile de los dioses. Demasiado buena para ser baile; demasiado sublime 'convulsión inmóvil'."
- Cecilio R. Font (1967) "La vida es así"
By Ivy Queen “Que aguante presión de este mujeron” “El hombre con quien sales es mío y tú lo sabes” vs. “ Yo te lo regalo por todo el sufrimiento y el daño que ha causado”