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Changes in America from 1800-1860
Transcript of Changes in America from 1800-1860
People and their realtionships among
different groups. The roles of race, class,
and gender in the history of the US. Recognizing regional differences within the context
of what it means to be an American. Diverse individual and collective expression
through literature, art, philosophy, music,
and theater throughout US History. Popular
culture and the dimensions of cultural conflict
within American society. Changes in trade, commerce, and technology across time. The effects of capital developement, labor, and consumerism. Ideas about the consumption and
conservation of natural resources. The
impact of population growth,
industrialization, and urban expansion. Colonial and revolutionary legacies,
American political traditions, growth of Democracy,
and the developement of the modern state. Diverse movements focusing
on a broad range of issues including abolitionism, education, temperance, wome's rights, and government. The variety of religious beliefs and practices in the American; influence of religion on politics, economics, and society. System of slave labor and other forms of un-free labor in America. The economics of slavery and its racial dimensions. Pattern of resistance and the long-term economic, political, and social effects on slavery. By Mason Galanto Germans Irish Slaves Native Americans Women Catholics Mormons Second Great Awakening Rise of Political Parties Political Competition Annexing New States Literature Abolitionism Education Women's Rights The Cotton Gin Economic Effects Political Effects Social East West North South Works Cited Impact of Population growth Industrialization Technology Labor Huge migration to US started in 1830 after potato famine.
Were the slaves of the North.
Worked for very little money and did the dangerous jobs.
Lived in the slums of the North.
Carried their religion with themselves.
Introduced whiskey. Had started to go dercrease until Eli Whitney's cotton engine in 1793.
Was dominated in the South as the main use of labor.
Did not have citizenship or rights for that fact. Had more important roles in family life and children.
Were used in Republican motherhood in order to establish values into the children.
Still had yet to gain their rights.
Started to become more independent though. Were forced out West by President Andrew Jackson.
Tried very hard to find an ally, but could never.
Moved to reservations.
Poorest people in the country save slaves. Brought much culture to the US.
Large wave of immigration basically in sequence with the Irish.
Further west than the Irish.
Kept to themselves and weremore liked.
Introduced bier to America. Dominated by Irish and German Immigrants.
Had own education systems in order to protect against protestants.
Became the most powerful religion in US as of 1850 and have kept it up.
Struggled until it became the majority religion. 1830 Joseph Smith founds Mormon Church.
Moved to Utah in 1846-1847, led by Brigham Young, after heavy scrutiny from other religions.
Made a good living with crops in Utah. Started in the south in 1800.
Had huge camp meetings and revivals.
Methodists and Baptists reaped the most off of the Awakening.
Charles Grandison Finney was greatest revival preacher.
Greatly influenced and was influenced by middle class women. Political Parties were introduced around the time of Jefferson and Hamilton. These to decided the fate of the US according to parties.
1792 Federalists and Democratic- Republicans.
1834 Whigs party established in the Senate by an alliance of Calhoun, Clay, and Webster in order to pass a bill. Brought by ways to over throw Jackson.
1854 Republican party is formed and first Republican president is elected in 1860. Politics becomes a huge competition.
Mudslinging is itroduced in order to eliminate opponents morally.
Groups are made to take over politicians.
Politics is now a huge game.
Washington warned about this. Texas was annexed in 1845 into the US by popular vote.
After it was annexed the Mexican War followed soon after. Uncle Tom's Cabin
1857 The Impending Crisis of the South.
1845 Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass.
1831 The Liberator
1829 Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
1850 The Scarlet Letter
1851 Moby Dick
1794 The Age of Reason The century started of with the wise thinkers like Thomas Paine and
Benjamin Franklin, but started to develope a more creative side. Books were
more about creativity and imagination. Music was starting to change
throughout the South and North, for many new immigrants started
approaching. The United States was officially the melting pot now. Dominated by the North.
Were people against the rise and expansion of slavery.
Helped the North to rally during the Civil War.
Promoted the end of slavery through peaceful and non-violent protests.
Famous abolitionists include:
John Llyod Brown
Sojourner Truth Women hadn't fully gained their rights yet, but they were being held to a high standard than before the 19th century.
Women were taking valuable roles in the community by teaching the children in schools and through homes.
Sojourner Truth, a black slave woman, rose to speak about womens rghts as well as the freedom of slaves. The south was behind drastically because their children worked on farms.
The plantation aristocracy were the only Southerns to put their children into good schools, but mostly in the North
The northeast was very prominent.
Irish create Catholics schools in 1830's
Blacks can be schooled in the North if free.
Women are allowed their schooling in parts of the country.
Women become main source of teachers.
1837 first permanant women's college.
Germans introduce kindergarden when the mass came in durin the 1830's.
Created by Eli Whitney in 1794
in order to increase rate at which
cootn seeds were removed.
Increase the need for salves in the
South. This single invention
changed the economy of the world. Slavery increase the overall economy after the cotton gin was invented.
The South was now called the Cotton king and provided the world with cotton.
Slavery helped the North as well by increasing revenue through factories and transportation.
The South would become too reliant on cotton and slavery. Slavery would be a major topic in Presidential runs.
It caused massive election swings in the South and the North.
Every new president was decided on their account upon slavery through the 1800's.
Could never really be controlled to everyones likeliness.
Created a over lying tension between the North and the South.
The north disliked slavery as the south loved it and wanted it so much.Would help cause the Civil War in later times.
There was also tension among southerners.
People who did not own slaves desperately wanted them and those who had slaves wanted more and expansion through the country.
Was very industrial for the time.
Caught the most of immigration for there were jobs to fill in the North.
Carried the most abolitionists.
Did not want the South to secede.
Was first part of the country and
possessed the many ports that
were used to trade and import and
export goods. Slavery was prominent.
Controlled by plantation aristocracy
Wanted expansion west for the soil.
Children weren't very educated. Population growth increased through Immigration greatly in the 1800's.
Slaves also contributed to the mass amount of slavery in the South. Slaves would breed with each other.
Because population increased so much, expansion into the West was a must.
Taller buildings were made.
Northern families had less children, for southern families needed the extra hands. The west caused much controversy as much expansion did. The race for slavery effected this area much more than any other region. People moved here because of Manifest Destiny, gold, and land. Took spring mainly in North.
Was the wave of new technology influenced to help make jobs easier.
The south had some, but mainly in the North.
Was easier in the North because the influx of immigrants that teemed in. In the North In the South Was in dire competition between the various immigrants and the American citizens.
Irish were given the slum jobs and were put dangerous situations.
Child labor was used, but was very hazardous.
Women had work in some factories, but were considered in fields such as teaching or nursing. Families would work together on their farms.
Slaves were the main use of labor, but were kept unusually safe by thier owners.
Immigrants did not venture down South for the competition of slavery was too hard.
Slaves would work for barely any money or mainly none at all.
They were kept on the farms/ plantations they worked for. http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org American Spirit http://inventors.about.com Technology took a giant leap in the 1800's. Inventor were creating things in life just for daily ease. Eli Whitney created the cotton gin and the use of machines to make renewable parts.
Samuel Fahnestock creates soda fountain in 1819.
1827 John Walker creates matches.
Cyrus Mccormick creates the reaper in 1831.
Many new inventions followed in their foot steps.
Tn football sucks. But TN basketball is boss!!!