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HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF COLOMBIA IN THE 1950S

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Laila Nizam

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF COLOMBIA IN THE 1950S

1951
1953
1958
1948
1957
HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF COLOMBIA IN THE 1950s
INITIATION OF LA VIOLENCIA
Development During La Valencia
-4 Main Phases
1: Increasing political instability from Liberal Party
2: Spread of guerrilla fighting
3: Reign of Panilla
4: National Front
La Violencia
1948-1950
Military supported Conservative leader, Laurano Gomez
Government repression led to conflict with military
Gomez ousted by Panilla
U.S. supported the army
Panilla's rule successful until 1956 when coffee market crashed Panilla ousted in 1957 by Junta
Succeeded by National Front till 1974 which ended La Violencia using reforms and American backing



Historical Context
-Economy
-Politics
-Religion
-Poor
-Lack of security
Relation to Chronicle of a Death Foretold
-Brutal attacks
-Area and time it occurred
-Based on murder that occurred during La Valencia
-Failure of legal and moral authority in a time of crisis
-Shared Guilt
-Unjust character situations
Questions Questions Questions
1. Who was in charge right before the National Front?

2. Who fought the civil war?

3. Name one way that the book is related to La Violencia?
What Was It?
IMPORTANT PEOPLE INVOLVED
Jorge Eliecer Gaitan
Mariano Ospina Pérez
-Conservative politician
-Ran against Gaitan when he was assassinated.
Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
Laureano Eleuterio Gómez
-Far Right Conservative politician
-President of Columbia from 1950-1953 until exile
-Involvement in murder of Gaitan
-Support for Hitler
-Caused rage in countryside, silenced press, frightened Protestants
-Successor was even worse
-Joined National Front
Alberto Lleras Camargo
-Former education and labor minister of Liberal party
-Mayor of Bogota in 1936
-Murdered in 1948 in Bogota during campaign
-Began as a street riot in Bogota (Bogatozo)
-Riot result of assassination of a Jorge Eliecer Gaitan in 1948.
-Years of rural violence
-Extreme cruelty
-Starting in 1946 and 1947, and continuing until 1956 and occurrences to 1966
-200000-400000 people dead


-Previously a soldier
-Became leader of Columbia from 1953-57
-Corrupt dictator
-Promised peace, justice, and liberty
-Implemented amnesty programs
-Popular at first but promises could not be fulfilled
-controlled media, sparked violence in schools and churches, increased secret police presence, used government money on himself.
-Kicked out by military junta


Guerrilla Groups
-FARC
-Fight corrupt government
-developed own policies and strategies
-poorness of peasants and the power of leaders gave rise to these groups
-Communist
-ELN and M-19 later


-Created the National Front Coalition
-National Front ended La Violencia
-20th President of Colombia (1958-1962)
-Tried to develop economy but after difficulties and rising coffee prices, the economy stood still in 1962.
Sources

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/colombia/history#266020#ixzz31iGy4gTF

http://www.insightcrime.org/groups-colombia/farc-ep

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/223578/Jorge-Eliecer-Gaitan

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/la-violencia.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_L%C3%B3pez_Pumarejo

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/126016/Colombia/25342/La-Violencia-dictatorship-and-democratic-restoration#ref19012

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/506964/Gustavo-Rojas-Pinilla

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/238202/Laureano-Eleuterio-Gomez

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/248399/Che-Guevara

http://colombiajournal.org/fiftyyearsofviolence

http://www.everyculture.com/Bo-Co/Colombia.html#b

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombian_culture

http://www.world66.com/southamerica/colombia/history
http://www.novelguide.com/chronicle-of-a-death-foretold/theme-analysis

http://www.lonelyplanet.com/colombia/history#266020#ixzz31iGy4gTF

http://www.insightcrime.org/groups-colombia/farc-ep

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/223578/Jorge-Eliecer-Gaitan

http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/la-violencia.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfonso_L%C3%B3pez_Pumarejo

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/126016/Colombia/25342/La-Violencia-dictatorship-and-democratic-restoration#ref19012

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/506964/Gustavo-Rojas-Pinilla

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/238202/Laureano-Eleuterio-Gomez

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/248399/Che-Guevara

http://colombiajournal.org/fiftyyearsofviolence

http://www.everyculture.com/Bo-Co/Colombia.html#b

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colombian_culture

http://www.world66.com/southamerica/colombia/history
http://www.novelguide.com/chronicle-of-a-death-foretold/theme-analysis
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a4/Jorge_Eliecer_Gaitan_(1936).jpg
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