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Transcript of Parallel Structure
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In English, parallel structure (or parallelism) refers to using the same pattern of words to show that two or more ideas have the same level of importance in a sentence. This can happen at the word, phrase, or clause level. The usual way to join parallel structures is with the use of coordinating conjunctions (F.A.N.B.O.Y.S.)
Confused? Let's look at a few examples...
I Hate Geometry! We Have to Talk about Parallels in English Too?!
A parallel structure that begins with clauses must continue with clauses. Changing to another pattern or changing the voice of the verb (from active to passive or vice versa) will break the parallelism
To the Worksheet and Beyond!
Using the rules outlined in this Prezi, please complete the worksheet I handed out in class. Please answer all of the questions; we'll go over them in class. If you're still confused after reviewing this Prezi, shoot me an email
Parallel Words and Phrases
If the first word of the sequence is a gerund (-ing ending), the rest of the sequence should also be made up of gerunds (red is incorrect; green is correct)
ex. Michael was running, laughing, and smiled at the same time
ex. Michael was running, laughing, and smiling at the same time
If the first word is an infinitive ("to run"), the rest of the sequence should also be infinitives
I want to sing, dance, and keep acting
I want to sing, dance, and act
I want to sing, to dance, and to act
*Note: you can repeat the "to" or not. Also it is acceptable to pick another word if it makes the sequence smoother (i.e.
"The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and in a detailed manner"
"The production manager was asked to write his report quickly, accurately, and thoroughly"
because "detailedly is not a word).
The teacher told her students that they should get a lot of sleep, eat a big breakfast, and to do practice tests
The teacher told her students that they should get a lot of sleep, eat a big breakfast, and take practice tests
The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that questions would be asked by prospective buyers.
The salesman expected that he would present his product at the meeting, that there would be time for him to show his slide presentation, and that prospective buyers would ask him questions.
citation for rules: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/623/1/