Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Run-Ons, Fragments, and Incomplete Sentences

No description
by

Esteban Rodriguez

on 8 July 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Run-Ons, Fragments, and Incomplete Sentences

The 3 downfalls of a Complete Sentence
Definition: "
A run-on is two sentences that run together without proper punctuation and/ or connecting words
."

There are two common types of run-on sentences.
-Fused, which has two sentences together without any punctuation.
-Comma splice, which occurs when a comma is used in between two sentences without a conjunction.
ex.
Joe was happy about the raise he felt like celebrating.
(fused sentence)

Joey was happy about the
raise, he
felt like celebrating.
*Shows the comma splice used in the sentence*

Run-Ons
"A sentence or an independent cause has a
subject
and
a
verb
and
makes a complete thought
.
"
Definition
Ways to make corrections
For the most part, a run on sentence can be corrected by either placing a period at the end of the sentence, or using a semicolon to connect two unrelated sentences.
ex.
Joe was happy about the raise he felt like celebrating.
(run-on)

Joe was happy about the
raise. He
felt like celebrating.
*Shows the period used to separate sentences*

-Though you should be careful with this method and avoid creating fragment sentences as result.

Joe was happy about the
raise; he
felt like going out to celebrate.
*Shows the semi-colon used to connect the two unrelated pieces of information*


Run-Ons
Another method is two connect the run-on sentence using a comma with a coordinating conjunction word.
-Some conjunction words are
and
,
but
,
or
,
nor
,
for
,
so
,
yet
ex.
She helped with the fundraiser
, but
she took breaks every five minutes.
*Shows the comma and conjunction properly used*

-Or if you prefer could use transitional words instead
; however
if you do so then a
semi-colon
must be used.
-A few transitional words are
even though
,
furthermore
,
however
, etc.

A run-on sentence can also be corrected by adding an independent cause signal word to create a complex sentence.
-Common signal words are:
because
,
if
,
although
,
when
,
who
,
which







Runs-Ons
Definition: "Any word or group of words that creates the subject of a sentence, but fails to create the predicate."
-Predicate is also known as section of the sentence that describes the action taken by the subject
ex.
Jacob screamed.

-
This can be considered an incomplete sentence because even though you have a subject and a verb it doesn't explain why he screamed.

Jacob screamed

because of the movie
.
*Shows the missing predicate*

-
In this case the missing information was the reason he screamed,
also known as predicate
.

Incomplete Sentences
The best way to determine whether a predicate is missing from the sentence is to ask what the subject is doing.

ex.
The dog with the bushy tail.
What did the dog with the bushy tail do?




The dog with the bushy tail
ran through the woods
.
*Answers the question to properly complete the sentence*


-This method is similar to the one used to make fragment sentences complete. However, do not confuse fragments with incomplete sentences.
Incomplete Sentences
A common mistake people usually make when correcting incomplete sentences is adding a phrase that with an
ing
or
ed
ending.

ex.
The tiny squirrel. (incomplete sentence)

The tiny squirrel

runn
ing
along the fence.

(still incomplete sentence)

-This is because "running along the fence" describes what the squirrel is doing, but does not explain what the squirrel actually did.
-"Running along the fence" is not a proper answer for "Why did the squirrel run along the fence." As a result the sentence is still missing the predicate.

ex.
The tiny squirrel running along the fence

ate an acorn
.(complete sentence)
*Shows where the predicate is*

The tiny squirrel
ran along the fence
.(complete sentence)
*Shows where the predicate is*


Incomplete Sentences
Run-Ons, Fragments, and Incomplete Sentences
What makes a Sentence?
Fragments
Definition: "A fragment is part of a complete thought that has been concluded with a period, although the sentence isn't complete."

-Fragment sentences are most often characterized by how short they are. Though what truly defines them is the lack of detail.

ex.
Ann walked all alone.
(Fragment)

-The fragment has the subject and verb but is missing the destination of Ann's trip.

Ann walked all
alone

to the store
.
(Proper sentence)
*Contains the additional information needed to complete the sentence*
To reach a complete sentence you must review all of this
Fragments
With fragment sentences the easiest way to fix them is to either combine two fragment sentences, or to simply add more information.

-
In the previous fragment slide the concept of adding information to a fragment was discussed.
Ann walked all
alone
to the store
.



Other times you may have to reword the sentence in order to complete it.

ex.
Because she exercises regularly. She is in good condition.

Since Cara exercises on a regular basis , her body is in good condition
.
(proper sentence)







Ways to make corrections
Fragments
Another common way to remove fragment sentences is to combine separate ones to form one complete sentence.
-When using this method rewording is advised and you may have to create a run-on sentence as a result.
ex.
Walking to the store. She saw a car accident.


Walking to the
store, she
saw a car accident.
*Shows where the comma splice is used*

-
The comma splice is also used for run-on sentences



(Fragments)
(Fragment)
(Added Information)
(Fragment)
(incomplete sentence)
(Question to determine whether predicate is there)
Run-on, Fragment, Incomplete sentence
Incomplete Sentence
Fragment
Run-on
-A very long sentence that can be condensed or broken down.
-A collection of words that do explain the reason behind the action.
-Short collection of words
that lack the verb
(Predicate)
Not a proper
sentence
Both lack the info needed to be considered complete.
May be long but can still be considered incomplete
Both can make
use of commas
to form a complete
sentence
Full transcript