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Farming and Farmers in the Early 1900's

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brandon zhao

on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Farming and Farmers in the Early 1900's

Farmers vs. Businessmen
Agriculture in the Progressive Era
Problems-Overproduction
World War I- more
demand, more income
after war, US still producing a lot
more harvested, less income
no income, in debt
Caused:
Local banks go out of business
Financial straights
Loss of farm land
Farm
bankruptcy
CROP PRICES TO DECREASE 50%
Problems-Climate
Wizard of Oz
Were the Reforms Successful?
THE PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT: Agricultural Reform
BY: Kristal Wong and Brandon Zhao
Overproduction:
the over-abundance of food and more than one or one's country can use
Group of farmers
1867 1st politically active farming group
developed cooperates and businesses
wholesale (cheaper)
tried manufacturing low cost farm machinery
urged farmers to vote for supporters
aka People's Party
farmers needed group to represent them
nominated James B. Weaver; lost
supported William Jennings Bryan in 1896 election
broke-up in 1896
William Jennings Bryan
lost against William McKinley in 1896 election
Lost 3 elections
supported by populists b/c:
supported:
-election of senators based
on population
-graduated fed income tax
advocated "free silver"
opposed:
high protective tariffs
Election of 1896
agrarian (Bryan) interests or industry(McKinley)
North & East = McKinley
South & West = Bryan
McKinley won b/c
populated North
After, period of
republican control
Populist Party
Reforms- The Grange
Reform: Farmers' Alliance
1870 group of farmers
originated in TX
also set up cooperatives
& warehouses
also wanted gov control RR-"fair"
came up w/ "free silver"
Agrarian- related to farming, and cultivation of land
allegory for Progressive Era
suspected to be reflection of prob
of the 18-1900s
Dorthy
=American ppl
Yellow Brick Road
= gold
Wizard
= President
W Witch
= RR or McKinley
E Witch
= E Business & Banks
Scarecrow
=(w) American Farmers
Tin Man
=helpless industrial workers
Lion
= William Bryan (words, no power)
Munchkins
= ordinary people
Emerald City
= Washington DC
Farmers Alliance & Grange:
Impact
Populist Party - Impact on Society
Free Silver:
idea of free coinage of silver (backing up US money w/ silver)

Plains Farmers:

supported free
silver/ bimetalism
Peoples' Party Poster for Weaver
Partially successful
Ideas adapted in long run (later on)
laws passed (taxation & work day)
still a "time of crisis"
farmers & banks went into dept
leaders not elected for pres
RR worries decreased
shift from
traditiona
l to
technological
farming
Grange unsuccessful laws
but, 1876 allow (state) gov to regulate RR
states passed laws to stop rising crop prices
FA mark on state& US politics
20Th century, ideas were enacted into law:
-Senator direct election
-graduated income tax
-farm credit acts: Sub Treasury Act
The late 1800s & early 1900s served as a time of crisis and reform for the farmers in the US. They battled harsh climates, dept & financial straights due to the overproduction of crops.
thought would help w/$
Poster advertising William Jennings Bryan and Free silver
FA poster
SW FA flag
more& more business men
less farmers (less important)
Grange Meeting
Big impact today
many ideas:
-8-hr wrk day
-income tax
-population vote
for senate
many ideas Democrats adopted
Great Plains = no trees
w/ out trees,
no log houses
Trapped winter blizzards
Large winds
lived in Sod houses
called Sod busters
Crickets invaded& ate everything
promised free land if farmed for 5 yrs
Full transcript