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Human Development- Part 1
Transcript of Human Development- Part 1
This is the study of progressive changes in behavior and abilities, involves every stage of life from conception to death (womb to tomb).
This project was a major scientific milestone reached in 2003 - completion of the sequencing of all 3 billion chemical base pairs in human DNA.
Nature / Nurture
Nature is that which is inherited/genetic.
Nurture refers to all environmental influences after conception, i.e. experience.
3. Teratogens- Anything capable of disturbing normal development in the womb.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome - Infants affected with FAS have low birth weight, small heads, bodily defects and facial malformations. Many also suffer from emotional, behavioral, and mental handicaps caused by heavy drinking during pregnancy.
LAD - Noam Chomsky
Language Acquisition Device - humans have a biological predisposition or hereditary readiness to develop language.
7. Jean Piaget - Theory of Cognitive Development
1. Sensori Motor (0-2 yrs. ) - Sensory Input and Motor Responses Become Coordinated.
2. Pre Operational (2-7 yrs.) - Children use language and think symbolically, yet have little use of reasoning and logic.
3. Concrete Operational (7-11 yrs.) - Mastery of reversibility and conservation .
4. Formal Operational (11+ yrs.)- Abstract Thinking, More Reflective, Less Egocentric.
Piaget - Theory of Cognitive Development
Human Development- Part 1
One key to secure attachment of a baby to its mother is a mother who is accepting and sensitive to her baby's signals and rhythms.
Labor & Birth- Baby Center- Baby Center Video 2:26
The Faces of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome andiilove14
Daddy Skills-Music Video- horizonavefilms
Piaget-Stage 2 -Pre Operational-Lack of Conservation fi3021
Developmental Psychology is interested in how people change...
Changes in physical processes
Changes in cognitive processes
Changes in socioemotional processes
EFFECTIVE PARENTING includes:
1. Consistent Discipline
2. Constructive Discipline
3. Effective Communication with Children
4. Logical Consequences
Importance of Infant Attachments: Infant attachment is the close emotional bond between an infant and its caregiver.
John Bowlby theorized that are 3 attachment styles:
a. Secure attachment- infant is securely attached to caregiver.
b. Avoidant attachment- infant avoids attachment to caregiver
c. Anxious/ambivalent- infant responds to caregiver’s absence with intense distress, only to rage at the mother when she returns.
Bowlby theorizes that an infant’s experiences lays the groundwork for expectations about what human relationships will be like as the infant matures….i.e. sets the stage for future relationships.
HARLOW'S CLASSIC STUDY
Psychology of Affection
a. Authoritative Parenting- encourages the child to be independent but that still places limits and controls on behavior.
b. Neglectful parenting- parenting style characterized by a lack of parental involvement in the child’s life.
c. Permissive Parenting- parenting style characterized by the placement of few limits on the child’s behavior.
Food or Security? Harlow's study on monkeys' attachment