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DUBAI

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by

Franz Natino

on 5 September 2014

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Transcript of DUBAI

DUBAI
"THE SUDDEN CITY"
BY: RANZ JOSEPH N. NICERIO
GEOGRAPHICAL PREFACE
DUBAI IS SITUATED ON THE PERSIAN GULF COASTER OF THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.
BIREF DESCRIPTION OF DUBAI
DUBAI IS ONE OF THE SEVEN EMIRATES THAT FORM PART OF THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES ALSO KNOWN AS UAE.






DUBAI IS THE CITY OF THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES AND ITS CAPITAL IS KNOWN AS ABU DHABI.
THE EMIRATES HAS THE POPULATION OF 2,106,177.








DIRHAM IS THE CURRENCY USED IN DUBAI.
POINTS TO BE COVERED:
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DUBAI
GEOGRAPHY
TOPOGRAPHY
CLIMATE
HISTORY
CULTURE
ARCHITECTURE
MAP OF THE UAE
LOCATION

The emirate of Dubai shares borders with Abu Dhabi (in the south), Sharjah (in the northeast), and the Sultanate of Oman (in the southeast). Hatta, a minor exclave of the emirate, is surrounded on three sides by Oman and by the emirates of Ajman (in the west) and Ras Al Khaimah (in the north)

TOPOGRAPHY
HIGH VOLUME AND WIDE EXPANSES OF DESERT SANDS (WHITE AND FINE SANDS) NEAR COASTLINE AND CENTER OF THE REGION.
EXTREMELY LOW DENSITY OF NATURAL IN- LAND WATER SOURCES
FLAT COASTLINE
LOW DENSITY OF WADIS ( DRY RIVER BEDS)
HIGH MOUNTAIN RANGES IN THE WEST OF THE REGION SUCH AS THE HAJAR MOUNTAIN WHICH ARE SURROUNDED BY SMALL DESERT SHRUBBERY.
HIGH DENSITY OF SAND (DARK AND REDDISH IN COLOUR) DUNES IN EAST OF REGION
CLIMATE
THE CLIMATE OF DUBAI IS WARM AND SUNNY DUE TO ITS PLACEMENT NEAR THE LINE OF THE TROPIC OF CANCER.
WINTERS ARE MILD AND SHORT AND LAST FROM DECEMBER TO MARCH.
MAJORITY OF THE YEAR IS SPENT IN SUMMER CONDITIONS WITH HIGH WINDS AND SAND STORMS.
VERY LOW LEVELS OF RAIN FALL WITH RAIN FALLING ON AVERAGE OF ONLY 5 DAYS A YEAR.
THE DESERTS ACCOMMODATES AN ARRAY OF PLANT LIFE SUCH AS WILD GRASSES, DATE PALMS AND ACACIA AND GHAF TREES.
CULTURE
THE UAE IS VERY INFLUENCED BY THEIR RELIGION, ISLAM. ALTHOUGH, THE CITY OF DUBAI IS A VERY COSMOPOLITAN SOCIETY WITH A DIVERSE CULTURE THE INFLUENCE OF THE ISLAMIC AND ARB CULTURE ON DUBAI'S ARCHITECTURE, MUSIC, CUISINE AND LIFESTYLE ARE VERY PROMINENT.

THE ISLAMIC DRESS CODE IS NOT COMPULSORY.

MOST EMIRATI MALES PREFER TO WEAR A KANDURA.

MOST EMIRATI WOMEN WEAR AN ABAYA.
HISTORY
NOMADIC CATTLE HURDERS WERE THE FIRST KNOWN INHABITANTS OF THE DUBAI AREA.
THE EARLIEST EIDENCE OF THEIR INHABITANTS OF THE DUBAI AREA.
THIS WAS THE FIRST USE OF LAND IN DUBAI FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.
THE LAND IS BELIEVED TO HAVE BEEN UNIHABITATED FOR THE NEXT 2700 YEARS UNTIL THE 3RD CENTURY.
THE DESERTIFICATION OF THIS LAND IS LIKELY DUE TO LACK OF RESOURCES IN THE AREA AT THAT TIME AND THE POOR SOIL THAT MAKES AGRICULTURAL CULTIVATION DIFFICULT.
FROM THE BEGGINING OF THE 3RD CENTURY, THE SASSANIAN OR PERSIANEMPIRE RULED OVER THE REGION.
IN THE MID 7TH CENTURY THE SASSANIAN EMPIRE COLLAPSE AND ISLAM SPREAD INTO THE AREA WITH THE UMMAYAD CALIPH TAKING CONTROL OF POWER.
HOWEVER THE EMPIRE COLLAPSED IN JUST UNDER 100 YEARS AND THE AREA DESCENDED INTO TRIBAL RULE.



TRADE TAX CHARGES WERE LOWERED IN THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY BY THE EMIR OF DUBAI TO LURE TRADERS FROM NEARBY PORTS.
THIS CAUSED MANY TRADERS TO MIGRATE TO DUBAI AND BASE THEIR BUSINESSES OUT OF THE CITY.
IN THE EARLY 19TH CENTURY THE AL ABU FALASA CLAN BECAME THE SOLE RULER OF THE AREA AND REUNITED THE REGION.
THE CITY WASN'T SELF SUSTAINING UNTIL THE 1883 WITH THE CITY RELYING HAEVILY SUPPORT FROM ABU DHABI.
FOLLOWING TRIBAL FEUDING IN 1883 THE AL MAKOTUM DYNASTY, THAT ATILL REMAINS IN POWER TODAY, CAME TO PRESIDE OVER THE REGION.
DUBAI CAME UNDER PROTECTION OF THE UNITED KINGDOM IN 1982 TO PROTECT THE CITY FROM THE BURGEONING INTEREST OF FRANCE, GERMANY AND RUSSIA.
OIL WAS FIRST DISCOVERY OF OIL LED TO LARGE INFLUX OF FOREIGN WORKERS THAT WOULD TAKE UP JOBS AT THE RAPIDLY EXPANDING OIL SITES.

THE CITY ITSELF, UNDER THE NAME OF DUBAI, WAS BELIEVED TO BE FIRST ESTABLISHED IN 1095.
AT THIS POINT IN TIME, DUBAI BEGAN TO DEVELOP A BOOMING PEARL INDUSTRY WHICH WAS AN INTEGRAL CONTRIBUTING FACTOR TO THE TOWN'S EXPANSION.
DUBAI WAS RELATIVELY STAGNANT IN TERMS OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT UNTIL THE PAST 30 YEARS IN WHICH THE REGION HAS UNDERGONE RAPIDLY PROCESS OF URBANIZATION DUE TO THE RECENT FOCUS ON TOURISM.
ARCHITECTURE
THE CITY'S ARCHITECTURE WAS HEAVILY INFLUENCED BY ISLAM, TURKEY AND THE PERSIAN EMPIRE IN ANCIENT TIMES WITH MANY MOSQUE BEARING ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE STILL IN PLACE AFTER THOUSANDS OF YEARS.

THE CONSTRUCTION BOOM THAT BEGAN IN THE 1980'S, ACCELERATED IN THE 1990'S, AND TOOK ON A RAPID PACE OF A CONSTRUCTION UNPARALLELED IN MODERN HUMAN HISTORY DURING THE DECADE OF THE 2000'S...
Dubai's oldest building, Al Fahidi fort, was built in 1799, and is probably the "square, castellated building" of which Houghton wrote. It was used as the residence of the ruler as well as a shelter for people in case of attack. It now houses the Dubai Museum.




The Al Qasr Hotel, a modern articecture that has the traditional design elements specially the wind towers.





A beautifully restored and maintained Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum house in Dubai. Its traditional design has inspired some of the modern architecture.
'GOURAUD'





A modern house in (Bain Al-jsrain) Abu-Dhabi with wind tower as part of its design.





It is the Heritage District. It shows a traditional plan wall with small windows on top.
'OLD TOWN IN THE HERITAGE DISTRICT'





A mosque designed like Al-Aqsa mosque in Palestine. It have brilliant Islamic calligraphy, it is located in Sas Al-Nakeel / Abu-Dhabi.





Simple but also fancy geometric patterns on the mosque tombs. This picture was taken in (Bain al-jsrain) in Abu-Dhabi city.








Zayed mosque with wonderful Islamic floral patterns design that shows leaves design on the top and small flowers under. There is also big leaves drown on the floor.







Burj Al-Arab five star hotel, it was built in the shape of a traditional dhow. The British architect who designed it is Tom Wright, he said about it design: “The client wanted a building that would become an iconic or symbolic statement for Dubai.









"Anara Tower"
In the middle of the round top there is a wind turbine, which is there to help promote the "Green Bling" of Dubai.






ldar headquarters building is the first circular building of its kind in the Middle East. The distinctive building was voted the “Best Futuristic Design” by The Building Exchange (BEX) Conference held in Spain. The shape of this building is achieved through the use of structural diagrid, a diagonal grid of steel.








BURJ KHALIFA (KHALIFA TOWER), NOW BY FAR THE WORLD'S TALLEST BUILDING AT 829.8M. THE DESIGN WAS DERIVED FROM THE PATTERNING SYSTEMS EMBODIED IN ISLAMIC ARCHITECTURE. BASED ON A HYMENOCALLIS.











A 160-metre-high' Capital Gate building in Abu Dhabi. The tower has already been officially recognized as the 'furthest-leaning man-made tower' in the world by Guinness World Records.







Zaha Hadid's dancing towers are planned to be located in Dubai's business bay development
area. the plan consists of three buildings which rise up from the "ground bending and
intertwining with each other to create fluid animation of the forms."






The Palm Islands are made up from three man-made islands built from over 1 billion cubic meters of sand and stone dredged from the creek and the surrounding sea bed. The complex is laid out to resemble a giant palm tree when seen from above.












THANKS FOR LISTENING!

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