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Concept of Health and Illness
Transcript of Concept of Health and Illness
state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
an integrated method of functioning which is oriented toward maximizing the potential of which the individual is capable.
is a state in which someone's needs are not sufficiently met to allow the individual to have a sense of physical and psycho-social well being.
Models of Health
Stages of Illness Behavior
Health practices and beliefs are strongly influenced by a person's economic level, life-style, family, and culture.
Generic Make-up, age, developmental level, race, and sex are all part of an individual's physical dimension and strong influence health status and health practices.
Concept of Health and Illness
M.B Belloc and Breslow (1972)
Health is the state of being free of signs or symptoms of disease. Illness is the presence of signs or symptoms of disease.
McCann/Flynn & Heffron (1984)
is a constantly changing state with high level of wellness and death being on opposite ends of a graduated scale or continuum.
is the ability to perform all those roles from which one has socialized.
is the state of being free of signs or symptoms of disease. Illness is the presence of signs or symptoms of disease.
World Health Organization
is the state of complete physical, mental, social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Wellness Education Model
John Travis is a wellness-oriented physician who focused his approach on a concept of wellness education
Holistic Model of Health Care
The concept of holism is based on the idea that it is more fruitful to study the human being as a whole than to study its separate parts.
is a state in which needs are being sufficiently met to allow an individual to function successfully in life with the ability to achieve the highest possible potential
The person is aware that
"Something is Wrong."
Assumption of Sick Role
from their families and social groups.
Medical Care Contact
The person is motivated to seek
professional health services.
Dependent Client Role
health care professionals for the relief of symptoms
Recovery and Rehabilitaion
The final stage may involve
to prolonged reduction in health and functioning.
Other people identify three stages of illness:
Stage of Denial
Characterized by the person's refusal to acknowledge illness.
Stage of Recovery
Recovery, rehabilitation, or convalescence.
Stage of Acceptance
The person no longer denies being ill and is aware of what is happening to him.
Levels of Prevention
Preventing it's occurrence
Promote early case finding of an individual with disease so that prompt intervention.
Consistent and appropriate administration of medications.
Factors Affecting Health and Illness
How the mind and body interact to affect body function and to respond to body conditions.
Encompasses cognitive abilities, educational background and past experiences.
Housing, sanitation, climate, and pollution of air, food, and water are aspects of environmental dimension.
Spiritual and religious beliefs and values are important components of the way the person behaves in health and illness.