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Concept of Health and Illness

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Marielle Monique Pablo

on 30 June 2014

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Transcript of Concept of Health and Illness

state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being.
Not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
an integrated method of functioning which is oriented toward maximizing the potential of which the individual is capable.
is a state in which someone's needs are not sufficiently met to allow the individual to have a sense of physical and psycho-social well being.
Models of Health
Stages of Illness Behavior
Sociocultural Dimension
Health practices and beliefs are strongly influenced by a person's economic level, life-style, family, and culture.
Physical Dimension
Generic Make-up, age, developmental level, race, and sex are all part of an individual's physical dimension and strong influence health status and health practices.
Concept of Health and Illness
Medical Model
M.B Belloc and Breslow (1972)
Health is the state of being free of signs or symptoms of disease. Illness is the presence of signs or symptoms of disease.
Health-Illness Continuum
McCann/Flynn & Heffron (1984)
is a constantly changing state with high level of wellness and death being on opposite ends of a graduated scale or continuum.
Parsons (1958)
is the ability to perform all those roles from which one has socialized.
Role-Performance Model
High-Level Wellness
Dunn (1961)
is the state of being free of signs or symptoms of disease. Illness is the presence of signs or symptoms of disease.
World Health Organization
WHO (1947)
is the state of complete physical, mental, social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Wellness Education Model
John Travis
John Travis is a wellness-oriented physician who focused his approach on a concept of wellness education
Holistic Model of Health Care
The concept of holism is based on the idea that it is more fruitful to study the human being as a whole than to study its separate parts.
Needs-Fulfillment Models
is a state in which needs are being sufficiently met to allow an individual to function successfully in life with the ability to achieve the highest possible potential
Stage 1:
Symptoms Experience
The person is aware that

"Something is Wrong."
Stage 2:
Assumption of Sick Role
Sick people

from their families and social groups.
Stage 3:
Medical Care Contact
The person is motivated to seek
professional health services.
Stage 4:
Dependent Client Role
The client
depends on
health care professionals for the relief of symptoms
Stage 5:
Recovery and Rehabilitaion
The final stage may involve
an adjustment
to prolonged reduction in health and functioning.
Other people identify three stages of illness:
Stage of Denial
Characterized by the person's refusal to acknowledge illness.
Stage of Recovery
Recovery, rehabilitation, or convalescence.
Stage of Acceptance
The person no longer denies being ill and is aware of what is happening to him.
Levels of Prevention
Primary Prevention
Preventing it's occurrence
Secondary Prevention
Promote early case finding of an individual with disease so that prompt intervention.
Tertiary Prevention
Consistent and appropriate administration of medications.
Factors Affecting Health and Illness
Emotional Dimensions
How the mind and body interact to affect body function and to respond to body conditions.
Intellectual Dimension
Encompasses cognitive abilities, educational background and past experiences.
Environmental Dimension
Housing, sanitation, climate, and pollution of air, food, and water are aspects of environmental dimension.
Spiritual Dimension
Spiritual and religious beliefs and values are important components of the way the person behaves in health and illness.
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