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Advances Made During the Renaissance

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Braxton Silva

on 2 December 2011

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Transcript of Advances Made During the Renaissance

Advances Made During the Renaissance Literature! Art! Science! Mathamatics! Cartography! Engineering! Anatomy! Astronomy! Literature
In the early Renaissance, writers (known as humanists) were so interested in classical works that they could stop them selves from imating or completly copying them. As the great artists were gaining fame, the writers wanted some of it also. The started to invent new things to get their name known. One of the most famous writers was Dante Alighieri. He was a pioneer in writing about human emotions. Art
Unlike in the mediveal ages, art became more indendant, not just for churches. The sculptures were largely copied from classical statues. New life to math and geography allowed pantings to have perspective. As people moved into cities, there was more weath, and so people could pay for things like art. Science
Not to be confused with the scientific revolution, renaissance scientific advance was relativly low, as history and politics were prefered by humanists. Alchemy was fairly popular, and is the ancestor of modern chemistry, although not a lot of actual science was going on. There will be more on other science topics later in this presentation. Mathematics
The development of math was primarily caused by the rise in banking. With banking came the need for algebra and easeir ways to conduct mathematical operations. This was the first time the modern plus and minus signs were used. Also in this time, people discovered how to solve equations with exponents, decimal notation was invented, and trigonometry was born out of ship navigation. Cartography
In the medieval ages, maps had mostly symbolic, religious purposes, but in the renaissance, mapmakers strived for accuracy and realism. Ptolemaic math was used in the mapmaking process, and latituded and longitude were used. The demand for maps exploded and new ways to sell them came out. Both the globe and the atlas were created. Engineering
Engineering in the renaissance layed the ground work for inventions over the next 300 years. While somewhat minor, what later people made out of these things transformed how we live. The two major engineering innovations in the renaissance are the steam engine and electrical engineering. These were so revolutionary, people at the time had no use for them. Anatomy
During the renaissance, more accurate descriptions of the body and challenges to orthodox views were taking shape. In Bologna, anatomists were creating better descriptions of organs and their functions. Thanks to the printing press, everyone could now see the work of the mainstream ideas. In the study of the circulatory system, the purpose of valves in veins was discovered, the left-to-right flow of blood through the body was found, and the hepatic veins were identified as a separate part of the system. Astronomy
Most of the astronomical "advance" in the Renaissance was actually further work on the geocentric theory (the earth is the center of the universe) which ended up being wrong anyways. Although, at the very end of the renaissance is when Copernicus said that the sun is at the center of everything, one of the most important things in astronomy. The End bmghmm
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