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Macbeth: Lit Paper One: Section A: Supernatural

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Paul Hanson

on 8 May 2018

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Transcript of Macbeth: Lit Paper One: Section A: Supernatural

Literature Paper One
Section A: 'Macbeth' (34 marks)
Section B: 'A Christmas Carol' (30 marks)
How To Approach This Paper
Section A: fifty-five minutes
Section B: fifty minutes

Spend five minutes more on Section A because your SPaG is assessed for an extra four marks on this question.
Assessment Objectives
AO1: PEACE paragraphs
AO2: language, structure and form
AO3: context
AO4: SPaG (Section A only)
Closed Book Exam
To meet AO1, you will need to remember quotations from the texts.

This is why we've been practising for the last year or more.
Macbeth
Read the following extract from Act 1 Scene 1 of Macbeth and then answer the question that follows.
At this point in the play the 'weird sisters' are meeting for the first time.
Section A: 'Macbeth'
This section will contain questions on the following Shakespeare plays:
Macbeth
Romeo and Juliet
The Tempest
The Merchant of Venice
Much Ado About Nothing
Julius Caesar

Macbeth, Macbeth,
MACBETH!
Now, do the same with three of these quotations:

'There to meet with Macbeth.'

'First Witch: I come, Graymalkin!'

'Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air.'

Challenge: think about the effect of the catalectic metre in the last quotation.
Starting with this speech, explain how far you think Shakespeare presents supernatural influences.
Write about:
how Shakespeare presents supernatural influences in this section
how Shakespeare presents supernatural influences in the play as a whole.

[30 marks] AO4 [4 marks]
SCENE I. A desert place.
Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches.

First Witch: When shall we three meet again
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?

Second Witch: When the hurlyburly's done,
When the battle's lost and won.

Third Witch: That will be ere the set of sun.

First Witch: Where the place?

Second Witch: Upon the heath.

Third Witch: There to meet with Macbeth.

First Witch: I come, Graymalkin!

Second Witch: Paddock calls.

Third Witch: Anon.

ALL: Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

Exeunt
What I would choose
AO1, AO2 and AO3
AO1, AO2, AO3: Your Turn
'Thunder and lightning.

Enter three Witches.'
Sound effects: The use of stormy weather establishes an unsettling and threatening dramatic mood.
Staging: The entrance on stage of three characters dressed and acting like witches would immediately inform the audience of the supernatural theme.
'When shall we
three
meet
again
In
thunder, lightning, or in r
ain
?'


Meaning (AO1)?
Method and effect (AO2)?

Meaning (AO1)?
Method and effect (AO2)?
AO3?
Meaning (AO1)?
Method and effect (AO2)?
Showing Understanding of the Whole Play
From your own knowledge, where else in the play does Shakespeare present supernatural influences?

Thinking time and then rally robin some idea.

Make a list of quotations that you have learned over the last two years.
(1.3) 'So
fair
and
foul
a day I have not seen'

(1.3) 'All hail, Macbeth, thou shalt be
king
hereafter![...] Thou shalt get
kings
, though thou be none. So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!'

(1.3) I'll
drain
him dry as hay./Sleep shall neither night nor day/Hang upon his penthouse lid./He shall live a man forbid./Weary sev'nnights, nine times nine,/Shall he dwindle, peak, and pine.

(1.5) 'Come, you spirits/That tend on
mortal thoughts
, unsex me here,/And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full/Of direst cruelty.'

(2.1) 'Is this a
dagger
which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come let me clutch thee, I have thee not, and yet I see thee still'

(3.4) 'Never shake thy
gory
locks at me!'

(4.1) 'Double, double toil and
trouble
;/Fire burn, and
cauldron
bubble.'

(4.1) 'Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn/The power of man, for none of
woman born
/Shall harm Macbeth.'

(5.1) 'What, will these hands ne'er be
clean
?'
Plan
Now, create a plan for your answer, making sure that you are covering the following:
AO1: quotations and meaning (detailed and developed) from the extract and the rest of the text
AO2: analysis of language, structure and form and their effects on the reader
AO3: contextual comments, with quotations
SCENE I. A desert place.
Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches.

First Witch: When shall we three meet again
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?

Second Witch: When the hurlyburly's done,
When the battle's lost and won.

Third Witch: That will be ere the set of sun.

First Witch: Where the place?

Second Witch: Upon the heath.

Third Witch: There to meet with Macbeth.

First Witch: I come, Graymalkin!

Second Witch: Paddock calls.

Third Witch: Anon.

ALL: Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

Exeunt
What are the best quotations?

'Thunder and lightning. Enter three Witches.'

'When shall we three meet again
In thunder, lightning, or in rain?'

Third Witch: There to meet with Macbeth.

First Witch: I come, Graymalkin!

ALL: Fair is foul, and foul is fair:
Hover through the fog and filthy air.

Audiences were very superstitious during this era and beginning a play with these sound effects and these characters would set the tone for a creepy, supernatural play.
AO1, AO2, AO3: Your Turn
'When shall we
three
meet
again
In
thunder, lightning, or in r
ain
?'


The number three has always had a magical and supernatural reputation. Audiences would have believed the number to have evil power.

The tricolon of bad weather helps to create the scary mood and foreshadows the tragic events ahead.
The rhyming couplet helps to create the incantation, which sounds like a witch's spell.
King James I was obsessed with witches and witchcraft, so writing a play about them is a clever move by Shakespeare, especially when he links it to the Gunpowder Plot the year before, thereby suggesting that the assassination attempt was a demonic act. Kerching for Shakspeare!
Methods Used to Present the Supernatural
word choice
tricolons (rule of three)
repetition
alliteration
staging
sound effects
contrast and paradox
rhyming couplets
catalectic trochaic pentameter (missing last syllable)
catalectic trochaic tetrameter (missing last syllable
apostrophe (speaking to something that isn't there)
classical allusion
(1.3) 'So **** and **** a day I have not seen'

(1.3) 'All hail, Macbeth, thou shalt be **** hereafter![...] Thou shalt get *****, though thou be none. So all hail, Macbeth and Banquo!'

(1.3) I'll ***** him dry as hay./Sleep shall neither night nor day/Hang upon his penthouse lid./He shall live a man forbid./Weary sev'nnights, nine times nine,/Shall he dwindle, peak, and pine.

(1.5) 'Come, you spirits/That tend on ****** ********, unsex me here,/And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full/Of direst cruelty.'

(2.1) 'Is this a ****** which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come let me clutch thee, I have thee not, and yet I see thee still'

(3.4) 'Never shake thy **** locks at me!'

(4.1) 'Double, double toil and *******;/Fire burn, and ******** bubble.'

(4.1) 'Be bloody, bold, and resolute. Laugh to scorn/The power of man, for none of ***** ****/Shall harm Macbeth.'

(5.1) 'What, will these hands ne'er be *****?'
Full transcript