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Education on the Frontier (Ch 10)
Transcript of Education on the Frontier (Ch 10)
Settlers were busy with the struggle to survive & had little time for formal education.
Taught the necessities:
How to build a cabin
plant a garden & hunt
repair broken tools
As the need to
deeds, sign legal papers, and
became important, attitudes towards education changed.
Move toward education encouraged by the church.
*Must be able to read Bible & record information
As towns grew, the settlers worked together to build schools for their communities.
Subscription Schools - parents pay $2 a month or barter
Greased Paper on Windows
Chalk with Slates
Nearly all the teachers were male =
Schoolmaster would sign contract.
In the tidewater area of Virginia, many plantation owners would hire tutors.
Tutors could earn $50 a year.
The hiring of tutors lead to the establishment of private schools.
Improving Higher Education
Thomas Jefferson encouraged improvements in formal education. A democracy would only work if the citizens were educated!
Literary Fund - Basis for state supported school. State was divided into districts & 3 cents was provided a day to ensure education of poor students.
District Free Schools Act - Provided state funds for district schools
Academies for older pupils began to open.
* Colleges, seminaries, or high schools
Tuition had to be paid for instruction/room & bedding
Academies were considered "teacher schools"
Schools that started as academies and remain today include.....
Marshall Academy = Marshall University
Woodburn Female Seminary & Monongalia Academy = WVU
*Bethany College is the oldest college in our state