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Education on the Frontier (Ch 10)

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Jessica Abshire

on 27 January 2015

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Transcript of Education on the Frontier (Ch 10)

Education on the Frontier
Settlers were busy with the struggle to survive & had little time for formal education.

Taught the necessities:
How to build a cabin
plant a garden & hunt
make clothes
repair broken tools

As the need to
deeds, sign legal papers, and
understand math
became important, attitudes towards education changed.
Early Schools
Move toward education encouraged by the church.
*Must be able to read Bible & record information

As towns grew, the settlers worked together to build schools for their communities.
Subscription Schools - parents pay $2 a month or barter
Earthen Floor
Large Fireplace/Stove
Greased Paper on Windows

Chalk with Slates
Nearly all the teachers were male =
Schoolmaster would sign contract.
Private Schooling
In the tidewater area of Virginia, many plantation owners would hire tutors.

Tutors could earn $50 a year.

The hiring of tutors lead to the establishment of private schools.
Improving Higher Education
Thomas Jefferson encouraged improvements in formal education. A democracy would only work if the citizens were educated!

Literary Fund - Basis for state supported school. State was divided into districts & 3 cents was provided a day to ensure education of poor students.

District Free Schools Act - Provided state funds for district schools
Higher Education
Academies for older pupils began to open.
* Colleges, seminaries, or high schools

Tuition had to be paid for instruction/room & bedding

Academies were considered "teacher schools"
Schools that started as academies and remain today include.....

Marshall Academy = Marshall University

Woodburn Female Seminary & Monongalia Academy = WVU

*Bethany College is the oldest college in our state
Full transcript