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Music Of the 1920's to 1940's
Transcript of Music Of the 1920's to 1940's
Hank Williams Sr.
The Stripling Brothers
AND MANY MORE MUSICIANS
The decade of 1920 was a big thing for the music world. The phonograph record had become the main means of getting music out to the public. The music industry found another way to sell their stuff. This was the joining together of record, sheet music and piano roll together.
Music of the 1920's
William “W.C.” Handy
By the end of the decade, the radio became an inexpensive form of entertainment. While this was good for people in general, this did affect the independent record companies. They went bankrupt despite doing well in the beginning of the decade. The other big thing that came along by the end of the decade was giving silent motion pictures sound. This gave those in the music industry a chance to have their work showcased somewhere else.
Adele “Vera” Hall Ward
Willie Mae “Big Mama” Thornton
Willie Mae Thornton was born on December 11, 1926. As she got older, she sang in the church, and learned drums and harmonica. In 1948, Thornton worked with Johnny Otis and Don Robey. Robey was so astonished with her talent that he signed her to a five-year contract with his Peacock Records Label. In 1952, she traveled with the Otis Show to play the famous Apollo Theatre. This is when she was known as “Big Mama.” When rock & roll became famous, she moved to San Francisco. In 1960, Thornton recorded with Chris Strachwitz and later appeared at the Sky River Rock Festival. She then passed away from a heart attack. Thronton was a blues singer and songwriter when she was still alive.
William Handy was born on November 16, 1873. In public schools, he was influenced with basic musical skills. Since he was the son and grandson of ministers in the African Methodist Episcopal Church, his father wanted him to learn the harmonium for the church. He had an immense growth in understanding of hymns and spirituals. Handy also learned many types of music. With his passion for music, he became a teacher in 1900 at the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical College. However, he stopped after two years. He also became a bandleader, won an election and wrote “Mr. Crump” which he combined with “The Memphis Blues.” They became hit musical songs. In 1907, he wrote another blues called “St. Louis Blues.” It later became a movie. Handy loved the blues. He continued to compose songs such as “Yellow Dog Blues,” “Joe Turner Blues,” “Aunt Hagar’s Children Blues,” and “Beale Street Blues.” When the Great Depression occurred, Handy was in a rough situation but after sometime he gained money again. William Handy was known as the “Father of the Blues."
Hank Williams Sr. was born on September 17, 1923 in Butler County, Alabama. His parents separated so the diminutive Hank, lived with his mother. It was her who taught him the organ. Williams started playing the harmonica and acquired his guitar when he was eight. Over the years, he began to love blues. A street singer Rufus “Tee Tot” Payne was the reason for Williams’ guitar-playing skills and phrasing in blues. Years passed and he started performing on Montgomery’s WSFA radio station. Soon after that, he formed a band called the “Driftin’ Cowboys.” After World War II, Hank Williams formed another band and performed at dances and local events. He acquired a recording contract in 1946 with Fred Rose. One of his earliest hits were “Move It On Over.” Williams continued recording songs which got him to appear on many radio shows. He married in 1944 but got divorced. From his woefulness, Williams wrote songs like “The Blues Come Around,” “You’re Gonna Change, or I’m Gonna Leave,” and “Why Don’t You Love Me,” and many more. He continued to pursue his love for music. Even long after his death, he is knows as a folk hero.
Charlie Stripling was born on August 8, 1896 in rural West Alabama. When he was a teenager, he acquired a fiddle. His neighbor, Pleasant C. Carroll, was the reason for Stripling’s archaic-sounding tunes, such as “The Lost Child,” “Wolves A Howling” and “Horseshoe Bend.” Ira Stripling was born in 1896. He accompanied Charlie with his guitar. The Stripling brothers became a hit and won numerous fiddlers’ conventions. In November 1928, the two musicians auditioned in the Brunswick-Balke-Collender Company. They recorded their songs, “The Lost Child,” and “The Black Mountain Rag.” When invitations to play for dances came, they agreed and they even created a tune called “Ragtime Breakdowns.” The Stripling brothers continued recording but came to an end when the Great Depression occurred. But that didn’t stop Charlie Stripling’s passion. He continued to play for dances, school entertainments, and fiddlers' conventions with his two sons. Charlie Stripling is known as one of the most important American old-time fiddlers.
Country Music (1920-1940)
Country music (or Country and Western) is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. It has roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, gospel music and old-time music and evolved rapidly in the 1920s.
Country music has produced two of the top selling solo artists of all time. Elvis Presley, who was known early on as “the Hillbilly Cat” was a regular on the radio program Louisiana Hayride. He went on to become a defining figure with the emergence of rock and roll. Contemporary musician, Garth Brooks, sold 128 million albums. He is considered the top-domestic-selling solo artist in U.S. history.
Jazz was born in New Orleans back in the beginning of the 1900’s, but it wasn’t until almost two decades later, when Jazz groups started getting record deals that they became known. This was due to the fact that during the 1920’s, independent record companies started. Jazz truly became popular in the 1930’s, especially something called big band jazz. It consisted of 15-20 people. During the decade, song writing was at its best. Around 1935, “Swing Era” started. For over ten years, big band swing was the most popular in the U.S. With the war in the 1940’s, the once popular big band jazz was struggling. A new form of jazz was born during this decade called "bebop."
The decade of the 1930’s was a hard one. Everyone suffered from the Great Depression and the music industry was no exception. By the mid 1930’s, things were slowly starting picking up again. People spent more time going to places with juke boxes. By far, the music industry had its best in motion pictures. Hollywood Musicals came and made a big debut by mid 1930’s.
Music in the 1930's and 1940's
With the arrival of the 1940’s, big bands were in full swing. With the start of World War II, the music industry took a hit. Big bands suffered with the wartime entertainment tax. Drafting took away musicians. By the end of the decade, big band lost its popularity and pop took its place. Vinyl records came into use by the end of the 1940’s. The invention of the television in the late 1930’s was also a big technological advancement for the music world.