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Parts of Speech: Pronouns
Transcript of Parts of Speech: Pronouns
Pronouns By: Camille, Kimberly, Jannette,
Period 4 Interrogative, reciprocal,
reflexive and intensive pronouns Demonstrative,
Possessive, and personal pronouns Demonstrative Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Personal Pronouns Intensive Pronouns Reciprocal Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns Indefinite Pronouns Relative Pronouns Absolute/ Predicative Pronouns Indefinite, absolute/predicative, &
interrogative pronouns They are used by themselves as predicative forms (after link verbs) of corresponding possessive pronouns. Structurally they’re a group of nominal pronouns. Absolute pronouns emphasize possessors and are used quite seldom. It has no absolute form because absolute pronouns denote only animate possession.
This pen is mine.
This is mine.
This money is yours.
This car is hers.
This computer is his.
This house is theirs.
This classroom is ours. Relative pronouns are used to add more information to sentences. Which, that, who (including whom and whose) and where, are all relative pronouns.
Mr. Guerrero, who teaches English 11, gave us this project in order to learn more about pronouns.
( In this sentence, the pronoun who introduces the clause ‘’teaches English 11’’ refers to Mr. Guerrero ) Look at these examples where in the noun phrase, the interrogative pronoun represents. Shown in bold. Reciprocal pronouns are used when two or more people or things are doing the same thing, and experiencing the same consequences. The reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.
Each other is used when there are only two people.
The boys made rude sounds and laughed at each other.
Shake hands with each other and make up.
*One another is an indefinite reflexive pronoun which is used when there are three or more people, or when it’s unclear how many people will be involved.
During Christmas, people give gifts to one another.
Love one another. reflexive (adj.) [grammar]: reflecting back on the subject, like a mirror We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-selves" (plural). Notice that all the above reflexive pronouns can also act as intensive pronouns, but the function and usage are different. An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent.
I made it myself. OR I myself made it.
Have you yourself seen it? OR Have you seen it yourself?
The President himself promised to stop the war.
She spoke to me herself. OR She herself spoke to me.
The exam itself wasn't difficult, but exam room was horrible.
Never mind. We'll do it ourselves.
You yourselves asked us to do it.
They recommend this book even though they themselves have never read it. OR They recommend this book even though they have never read it themselves. Demonstrative pronouns are those that identify or point to a thing or things and occasionally persons. They can be both singular and plural and they refer to nouns that are either nearby or far away in time or space.
This: singular and near the speaker
That: singular and at a distance from the speaker
These: plural and near the speaker
Those: plural and at a distance from the speaker
Example: You take these bags and I'll take those. - ("Those" refers to bags that are at a distance from the speaker.) Example: We bought this last year - ("This" refers to something that is singular, near the speaker of the conversation.) Possessive pronouns are used to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the antecedent) belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things).
Possessive pronouns are used depending on: - number: singular (eg: mine) or plural (eg: ours) - person: 1st person (eg: mine), 2nd person (eg: yours) or 3rd person (eg: his) - gender: male (his), female (hers)
Below are the possessive pronouns, followed by some example sentences. Notice that each possessive pronoun can: - be subject or object - refer to a singular or plural antecedent I, me, you, he, her, them are called personal pronouns, because they cover the full range of grammatical persons: There are eight reflexive pronouns: Examples:
Look at these pictures. Mine is the big one. (subject - My picture)
I like your flowers. Do you like mine? (object - my flowers)
I looked everywhere for your key. I found John's key but I couldn't find yours. (object - your key)
My flowers are dying. Yours are lovely. (subject - Your flowers) All the essays were good but his was the best. (subject - his essay) Interrogative pronouns used in questions. Although labeled as pronouns, it is not easy to see how they replace nouns. Who, which, what, where, and how are classified as interrogative pronouns.
Example:Who told you that?Where did you find that?How did you solve that?For whom will you vote?Interrogative pronouns have different forms: Personal, and non-personal. What is a Pronoun? A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun. You use pronouns like "he," "they," "her," and "you" to make your sentences less boring and less repetitive. Grammarians classify pronouns into several types, including the possessive, the demonstrative, the interrogative, the indefinite, the relative, the reflexive,the intensive, the reciprocal, the absolute, and the predicative pronouns. Pronouns are the stunt doubles of the English language. They keep communication going with or without the nouns. Pronouns come in to keep nouns from getting repetitive or when nouns are not clearly known. They do more work than you think, so read on to learn more about them. singular pronouns I Me you she her he him it Plural Pronouns We Us They Them What does indefinite pronoun do?
a.It does not refer to any specific person, thing, or amount.
b.Refers to a specific person, thing, or amount.
c.Refers to an animal
d.It is not a pronoun What is an absolute pronoun?
b.Everything is absolute.
c.There is no such thing as absolute pronoun. What is the use of relative pronouns?
a.Used to add more information to the sentences. (Which, that, who, whose, whom)
b.Pronouns relating to the other sentence.
c.Describes your relatives How is interrogative pronoun used?
a.It’s used in questions (who, what, which, where, and how)
b.Used to interrogate people.
c.No such thing as interrogative When is reciprocal pronouns used?
a.When two or more people or things are doing the same thing, and experiencing the same consequence.
b.When you recite a sentence over and over again
c.Switching pronouns What is reflexive pronouns?
a.Pronouns that refer back to the subject.
b.The same subject
c.Changes the subject What is intensive pronoun?
a. Emphasizes an antecedent
b. A pronoun that is so intense
c. That’s not a pronoun What is a demonstrative pronoun?
a. Pronouns that identify or point to a thing or things and occasional persons.
b. A pronoun that demonstrates a subject
c. This is actually a verb What is a possessive pronoun?
a.A pronoun that is used to refer to a specific person, persons, thing, or things that belongs to a person or people. Used depending on number, or amount.
b.Describes a possessive person
c.Describes someone who is possessed Define pronoun.
a. Replaces a noun, or another pronoun. ‘’He, she, it, they’’
b. An action verb
c. Describes an object
d. A person, place, thing, or idea. -the first person (I, we)
-the second person (you)
-the third person (he her them). Personal pronouns are almost the only place in English grammar where 'case' is relevant.In English, only the personal pronouns have different forms or cases which show whether they are subjects or objects:
1st singular 2nd 3rd singular 1st plural 3 rd plural
subject I you she, he, it we they
object me you her, him, it us them Identify the pronoun & determine what type of pronoun it is.. An indefinite pronoun does not refer to any specific person, thing or amount. It is vague and "not definite".
Some typical indefinite pronouns are:
all, another, any, anybody/anyone, anything, each, everybody/everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody/someone
*Note that many indefinite pronouns also function as other parts of speech.
Look at "another" in the following sentences:
He has one job in the day and another at night. (pronoun)
I'd like another drink, please. (adjective)