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PETA Presentation

EVSC 111

Sarah Holly

on 7 October 2012

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Transcript of PETA Presentation

Presented by Sarah Holly PETA & the Environment What is PETA? Do you like chicken? Graphic Content Advisory PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) is the largest animal rights organization in the world, with more than 3 million members and supporters.

PETA focuses its attention on the four areas in which the largest numbers of animals suffer the most intensely for the longest periods of time: on factory farms, in the clothing trade, in laboratories, and in the entertainment industry. They also work on a variety of other issues, including the cruel killing of beavers, birds, and other "pests" as well as cruelty to domesticated animals. Warning: The content, and especially the media portions, of this presentation are extremely graphic in nature. Preceding each image or video, there will be a textual warning providing a moment for those who do not wish to view the content to exit the room.

All infographics, videos, and most images (some from Google), have been taken from PETA's official websites and social media outlets, and are therefore considered absolutely truthful. These atrocities do happen every day and to deny it is ignorance. Graphic Content Advisory Do you like beef or veal? Graphic Content Advisory Oh, but dairy farms are kind to cows, right? Graphic Content Advisory Do you still think that bacon is delicious? The Truth About Factory Farming Cows, calves, pigs, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese, and other animals live in extremely stressful conditions:

Kept in small cages or jam-packed sheds or on filthy feedlots, often with so little space that they can't even turn around or lie down comfortably.

Deprived of exercise so that all their bodies' energy goes toward producing flesh, eggs, or milk for human consumption.

Fed drugs to fatten them faster and keep them alive in conditions that could otherwise kill them.

Genetically altered to grow faster or to produce much more milk or eggs than they naturally would.

Animals raised for food are crowded onto trucks and transported over many miles through all weather extremes, typically without food or water, to the slaughterhouse. Those who survive will have their throats slit, often while they are still conscious. Many remain conscious when they are plunged into the scalding-hot water of the defeathering or hair-removal tanks or while their bodies are being skinned or hacked apart. How Does This Affect the Environment? The overuse of resources, global warming, massive water or air pollution, soil erosion-- All of these are caused by raising animals for slaughter. Resources: Entire ecosystems are being destroyed in order to provide the land necessary to raise animals as well as the crops to feed them. These lands range from the western U.S. to the rainforests of Brazil to the ancient forests of China. 80% of agricultural land in the U.S. is used to raise animals for food and grow grain to feed them. In fact, in the “finishing” phase alone, in which pigs grow from 100 pounds to 240 pounds, each hog consumes more than 500 pounds of grain, corn, and soybeans; this means that across the U.S., pigs eat tens of millions of tons of feed every year. In addition to this, slaughter animals are the primary consumers of water in the U.S. It takes more than 2,400 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of cow flesh, whereas it takes about 180 gallons of water to make 1 pound of whole wheat flour. Wouldn't it be more efficient to actually use these crops and this water for human consumption? How Does This Affect the Environment? How Does This Affect the Environment? Air Pollution: Water Pollution: Carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide together cause the vast majority of global warming. Producing a little more than 2 pounds of beef causes more greenhouse-gas emissions than driving a car for three hours and uses up more energy than leaving your house lights on for the same period of time. Factory farms also produce massive amounts of dust and other contaminates that pollute the air.

When the cesspools holding tons of urine and feces get full, factory farms may circumvent water pollution limits by spraying liquid manure into the air, creating mists that are carried away by the wind and inhaled by nearby residents.

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reports that roughly 80 percent of ammonia emissions in the U.S. come from animal waste. A California study found that a single dairy cow “emits 19.3 pounds of volatile organic compounds per year, making dairies the largest source of the smog-making gas, surpassing trucks and passenger cars.” Each day, factory farms produce billions of pounds of manure, which ends up in lakes, rivers, and drinking water.

The 3 trillion pounds of waste produced by factory-farmed animals each year are usually used to fertilize crops, and they subsequently end up running off into waterways—along with the drugs and bacteria that they contain. Many tons of waste end up in giant pits in the ground or on crops, polluting the air and groundwater.

Streams and rivers carry excrement from factory farms to the Mississippi River, which then deposits the waste in the Gulf of Mexico. The nitrogen from animal feces—and from fertilizer, which is primarily used to grow crops for farmed animals—causes algae populations to skyrocket, leaving little oxygen for other life forms, creating a "dead zone." Relevant Studies: According to scientists at the Smithsonian Institution, seven football fields' worth of land is bulldozed every minute to create more room for farmed animals and the crops that feed them. According to a report by the California State Senate, “Studies have shown that [animal waste] lagoons emit toxic airborne chemicals that can cause “inflammatory, immune, and neurochemical problems in humans.” In 2006, a study by Princeton University found that a shift away from meat production—as well as Americans’ adoption of vegetarian diets—would dramatically reduce the amount of nitrogen in the Gulf to levels that would make the dead zone “small or non-existent.” It's Healthier, Too Meat, dairy products, and eggs have been linked to heart disease, obesity, cancer, diabetes, and even impotence. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics states that vegetarians and vegans enjoy a lower risk of death from ischemic heart disease, lower blood cholesterol levels, lower blood pressure, lower rates of hypertension and type 2 diabetes, and lower body mass indexes, as well as lower overall cancer rates. The ADA concludes that vegetarian or vegan diets "are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. Vegetarians and vegans live, on average, six to ten years longer than meat-eaters. Graphic Content Advisory The Clothing Industry The Fur Industry Animals on fur farms spend their entire lives confined to cramped, filthy wire cages. Fur farmers use the cheapest and cruelest killing methods available, including suffocation, electrocution, gas, and poison.

Animals who are trapped in the wild can suffer for days from blood loss, shock, dehydration, frostbite, gangrene, and attacks by predators. They may be caught in steel-jaw traps that slam down on their legs, often cutting to the bone; Conibear traps, which crush their necks with 90 pounds of pressure per square inch; or water-set traps, which leave beavers, muskrats, and other animals struggling for more than nine agonizing minutes before drowning. The Chinese Fur Industry More than half the fur in the U.S. comes from China, where millions of dogs and cats are bludgeoned, hanged, bled to death, and often skinned alive for their fur.

There are no penalties for abusing animals on fur farms in China. When they begin to cut the skin and fur from an animal's leg, the free limbs kick and writhe. Workers stomp on the necks and heads of animals who struggle too hard to allow a clean cut. When the fur is finally peeled off over the animals' heads, their hairless, bloody bodies are thrown onto a pile of those who have gone before them. Some are still alive, breathing in ragged gasps and blinking slowly. Some of the animals' hearts are still beating five to 10 minutes after they are skinned.

This fur (as well as leather) from China is often deliberately mislabeled as fur from other species and is exported to countries throughout the world to be sold to unsuspecting customers in retail stores. Since China supplies more than half of the finished fur garments imported for sale in the United States and since dog and cat fur is often mislabeled, if you're buying fur, there's no way to tell whose skin you're wearing, including that of a dog or cat. Environmental Impacts Eighty-five percent of the fur industry's skins come from animals on fur factory farms. These facilities can house thousands of animals, and, as with other factory farms, they are designed to maximize profits—with little regard for the environment or animals' well-being. Much of the world's fur is processed in China, where environmental regulations are often ignored.

Once an animal has been slaughtered and skinned, his or her fur is treated with a soup of toxic chemicals to "convert the putrefactive raw skin into a durable material" (i.e., to keep it from rotting). Various salts—along with ammonia, formaldehyde, hydrogen peroxide, and other chromates and bleaching agents—are used to preserve and dye fur. The Leather Industry Leather can be made from cows, pigs, goats, and sheep; exotic animals such as alligators, ostriches, and kangaroos; and even dogs and cats, who are slaughtered for their meat and skin in China, which exports their skins around the world. Because leather is normally not labeled, you never really know where (or whom) it came from.

Most leather comes from developing countries such as India and China, where animal welfare laws are either non-existent or not enforced.

In the U.S., many of the millions of cows and other animals who are killed for their skin endure the horrors of factory farming—extreme crowding and deprivation as well as castration, branding, tail-docking, and dehorning—all without any painkillers. At slaughterhouses, animals routinely have their throats cut and some are even skinned and dismembered while they are still conscious. Environmental Impacts Most leather comes from cows raised for both beef and milk, therefore, the environmental concerns raised from factory farming are also applied here.

Turning skin into leather requires massive amounts of energy and dangerous chemicals, including mineral salts, formaldehyde, coal-tar derivatives, and various oils, dyes, and finishes, some of them cyanide-based. Most leather produced in the U.S. is chrome-tanned; all wastes containing chromium are considered hazardous by the EPA.
Tannery effluent contains large amounts of pollutants, such as salt, lime sludge, sulfides, and acids. The process of tanning stabilizes the collagen or protein fibers in skins so that they actually stop biodegrading—otherwise the leather would rot right off your feet.

People who work in and live near tanneries often die from cancer possibly caused by exposure to toxic chemicals, such as arsenic, long associated with lung cancer, used to process and dye the leather. Animal Experimentation Hundreds of thousands of animals are poisoned, blinded, and killed every year in outdated product tests for cosmetics, personal-care products, household-cleaning products, and even fruit juices. Graphic Video Ahead Slightly Graphic Video Ahead Graphic Content Advisory Which Companies Do Experiment? Acuvue (Johnson & Johnson)
Air Wick (Reckitt Benckiser)
Almay (Revlon)
Always (Procter & Gamble)
Green Works (Clorox)
K.Y. (Johnson & Johnson)
Old Spice (Procter & Gamble)
Swiffer (Procter & Gamble)
Here are a few well-known companies and brands: "Mean Greenies" and "Greenwashing" Hiding harmful activities behind the guise of environmentalism and conservation is called "greenwashing."

Many generous contributors are shocked to learn that some "environmental" and "conservation" groups use people's donations to support activities that are extremely harmful to animals and accomplish little or nothing to protect the environment. For example, some organizations support--and even promote--the poisoning of animals to test pesticides and other chemicals already known to be toxic. In fact, several well-known environmental groups are directly responsible for the creation of what have become the most massive animal-testing programs in history. Guilty Organizations The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) was largely responsible for initiating, and has been one of the chief architects in designing, the EPA's notorious Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program (EDSP). The purpose of the EDSP is to screen thousands of chemicals to detect endocrine (hormone) disrupting effects, even though scientists have been unable to even define what an "endocrine disruptor" is or does.

Environmental Defense was one of the chief architects, and is largely responsible for initiating, EPA's notorious high production volume (HPV) chemical-testing program. The HPV chemical program was created to pressure chemical manufacturers to test (or retest) thousands of chemicals using a "checklist" approach that relies on numerous crude, painful, and uninformative animal tests. Environmental Defense vehemently opposed the incorporation of non-animal tests—such as the internationally recognized in vitro genetic toxicity test—into the program. Animals Used in Entertainment ... particularly circuses. Bears, elephants, tigers, and other animals used in circuses do not voluntarily ride bicycles, stand on their heads, balance on balls, or jump through rings of fire. To force them to perform these confusing and physically demanding tricks, trainers use bullhooks, whips, tight collars, muzzles, electric prods, and other painful tools of the trade. When they're not performing, elephants are often kept shackled by two legs, and lions, tigers, bears, primates, and other animals are forced to eat, sleep, and relieve themselves in tiny

Physical punishment has always been the standard training method for animals in circuses. Animals are beaten, shocked, and whipped to make them perform—over and over again—tricks that make no sense to them. The AWA allows the use of bullhooks, whips, electrical shock prods, or other devices by circus trainers. Trainers drug some animals to make them “manageable” and surgically remove the teeth and claws of others.
The Truth About Circuses How Can You Help? Try Vegetarianism or Veganism for 30 days, or even a week!

Don't wear fur, leather, wool, or feathers.

Purchase products from companies that do not experiment on animals.

Don't go to circuses, zoos, marine parks, or any other spectacle exploiting animals.

Visit peta.org for more information! Remember: Animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment.
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