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Lecture topic in the subject Orientation and Mobility (NK3064)

Sazlina Kamaralzaman

on 29 March 2015

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"Patient education is defined as any set of planned educational activities designed to improve patients’ health behaviors and health status. "

Patient Education Institute
Increasing the patient's ability to cope with and manage his or her health
Facilitating understandings of health statuses, diagnosis and treatment options, and consequences of care for patients and their families
Empowering patients to make decisions related to their care
Increasing patients’ potential to follow a health care plan
Helping patients learn healthier behaviors
Promoting recovery and improved function
Increasing patient confidence in his or her self care
Decreasing treatment complications

Patient Education Institute
Patient education
Patients can be showed how to complete a task or how a process works in a one-on-one setting, and then they can do the task more effectively at home.

Written materials
Written material seems so easy and routine. But, it can be effective. For instance, material with pictures can offer instructions or explanations. it is important to evaluate the patients’ literacy level, language, and sight before handing out routine teaching materials.

Follow-up instructions
It can offer instructions in a step by step fashion.

Computer-aided education or video education
Computer allow patients to view and to hear patient education materials in the hospital and some of these materials can be reviewed at home. Manuals are often made available to accompany the computerised programs. And there is usually a test to evaluate learning.
Relearning can enhance performance
Neuroplasticity - defined as the selective organizing of connections between neurons in our brain (Willis 2010)
In Vision Rehabilitation
Seven elements to be included in patient education:
name of disease or condition and part of the eye affected.
functional implications of condition.
functional implications of visual acuity, contrast sensitivity & visual field loss.
refractive errors and the importance of using of eyeglasses
discussion of any devices recommended by optometrist
discussion of other devices to achieve performance goals.
Illumination needs, preferences and problems indoors and outdoors.

Watson (2000)
Orientation & Mobility
Copyright of Occupational Therapy Programme, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
"When people repeatedly practice an activity or access a memory, their neural networks hape themselves according to that activity or memory."
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