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Critical Literacy and Critical Thinking

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Janet Franklin

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Critical Literacy and Critical Thinking

"Critical literacy is the ability to read texts in an active, reflective manner in order to better understand power, inequality, and injustice in human relationships."
(Coffey, n.d.)
What is Critical Literacy?
What Does It Do?
Builds metacognition of complex topics and texts.

Creates safe environment
for students to talk about
things difficult concepts and
comprehension in the reading.

Develops students' identities and self-awareness as readers along with purposes for reading and goals for improvement.

Supports readers' mental processes including problem-solving strategies.

Identifies and expands the background knowledge that students bring to a text and develops it further through interaction with the text.

Who Cares?
Aristotle, Einstein, Gandhi, Chomsky, and Piaget
Why Teach Critical Literacy?
Critical literacy gives students a voice beyond what they already know.

Brings awareness that reading is not neutral and that there are always ideologies within the text.
By Janet Franklin
Critical Literacy Development
A key part of critical thinking.

Hunting for assumptions from the author and discovering our own.

Assessing the accuracy and validity of biases.

Taking on multiple perspectives.

Actions based on credible evidence.

Every student should be able to learn the skills to engage in critical thinking and understand the power structures in the text and beyond in the world around them.
"The goal is to mentor students so that they can access communications effectively
in all disciplines, regardless of their personal preferences and interests."

Buehl, Doug (2011-08-11)
As Well As
"The intellectual roots of critical thinking are as ancient as its etymology, traceable, ultimately, to the teaching practice and vision of Socrates 2,500 years ago who discovered by a method of probing questioning that people could not rationally justify their confident claims to knowledge."

According to the Critical Thinking Community
:
My English Literature Classroom
Students will choose readings, including authors whose voices are being oppressed in literature, by using a variety of media sources.

As a class, we will discuss relevant, interesting, and age appropriate news articles to discover and deconstruct the viewpoints that are presented and not presented.

Like, Aayat Alqormozi, who was detained after reading a poem that was critical of the kingdom's monarchy at a protest rally last year, according to the Islam Times.

In small groups, students will draw connections to their own lives and find similarities within the school, at home, and in society as a whole.
Special Education
For students with disabilities, critical thinking skills will help them advocate better for themselves when they can recognize perspective and biases other people have about disability.
How Does it Help?
You might know the King...
Works Cited
Brookfield, S. (2012). What is Critical Thinking?.
Teaching for critical thinking: tools and techniques to help students question their assumptions
(). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Buehl, D. (2011). Literacy.
Developing readers in the academic disciplines
(). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Coffey, H. (2010, November 21).
Critical Literacy
. Learn NC. Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://www-tep.ucsd.edu/about/courses/eds361b_allen/critical_literacy.pdf

Paul, R., Elder, L., & Bartell, T. (1997, March 1).
A Brief History of the Idea of Critical Thinking. A Brief History of the Idea of Critical Thinking
. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/a-brief-history-of-the-idea-of-critical-thinking/408

Prois, J. (2011, September 30).
Beyond Banned Books Week: How You Can Fight For Oppressed Writers
(SLIDESHOW). The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 23, 2014, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/09/30/banned-book-week-and-beyo_n_988201.html#s381222&title=Prageeth_Eknaligoda_missing
"You want to prepare your child to think as he gets older. You want him to be critical in his judgments. Teaching a child, by your example, that there's never any room for negotiating or making choices in life may suggest that you expect blind obedience-but it won't help him in the long run to be discriminating in choices and thinking." -
Lawrence Balter, Psychologist 1985
The Hunger Games
, by Suzanne Collins
Reasons:
Religious viewpoint, unsuited to age group

Twilight
, by Stephenie Meyer
Reasons:
religious viewpoint and violence

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
, by Maya Angelou
Reasons:
homosexuality, offensive language, racism, sexually explicit, unsuited to age group
A Few Critical Books

Visual learners
will enjoy visualizing what is described in texts.

Bodily-Kinesthetic learners
will create meaning through role-playing and acting out situations in the text.

Musical learners
will benefit from creating lyrics from the texts.

Interpersonal learners
will learn through group discussions and dialogue about the text.

Intrapersonal learners
will learn from making
connections to their personal lives.

Linguistic learners
will learn through effective
word use through activities like word searches,
reading, and making their own stories.

Logical-Mathematical learners
will learn through
investigation of concepts before focusing on details.
Who is being privileged by banning books?Are there valid reasons? Are these forms of oppression? Who is being oppressed?
_______________________________________________________________
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When Was Critical Thinking Discovered?
_________________________________
A Few Perspectives
Full transcript