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Annotation: DIDLS, rhetorical triangle, ethos/pathos/logos
Transcript of Annotation: DIDLS, rhetorical triangle, ethos/pathos/logos
D I D L S
using DIDLS, the rhetorical triangle, and ethos, pathos, logos
What does this mean for me?
Being able to talk critically and intelligently about a piece of writing is crucial to the craft and technique of critical analysis.
A critical or explanatory note, or body of notes, ADDED to a text.
These are the notes that YOU write ABOUT what you are reading (it is your commentary about possible pieces of evidence). Annotations can be written ON the text, or in a dialectical journal.
One way to create your annotations is through a process called DIDLS, and also through ethos-pathos-logos.
As you read through a text, pay close attention to an author's WORD CHOICE.
Is the diction elevated or common?
Is there a nuance between a word's denotation and connotation?
Does the diction reveal anything about either the author or a character? Age? Social class? Ethnicity? Education?
ANY time a word or phrase sticks out to you, make a note about it. Writers use words to communicate, so scrutinizing which words they choose will reveal a lot about their work.
What kind of images is the author creating?
IMAGES are created when the author appeals to the reader's senses:
How is the author using language?
Make a note any time you notice the author use:
Put simply, DETAILS is the information that the author chooses to divulge. (Don't overthink this category. If you find something useful and it doesn't go in any other spot, put it in DETAILS.)
This is the way the author builds a sentence.
Look at punctuation.
Look at paragraphing and white space.
Notice creative uses of phrases and clauses.
SYNTAX is both art and craft, and can reveal a great deal about the author's artistic goals.
meaning associated with a word
compare "bony" and "thin"
What do we know about the speaker of a passage? Perhaps age, sex, ethnicity, social status, religion? (Also, it is POSSIBLE to substitute author for speaker, but NOT ALWAYS)
What can we infer about the author's purpose for writing? (We use ethos, pathos, logos to examine HOW the author accomplishes his purpose.)
What is the tone? What words and phrases lead us to believe this?
What themes are present in the work? There may be more than one. Does any theme stand out as the driving force behind the work?
Anybody can read something. But, does it appear that the author was trying to reach a particular audience?
ETHOS pertains to two things:
Credibility -- What is the reputation the author is leaning on?
Ethics -- What system of values is the author using?
PATHOS is about emotion. How does the author appeal to the reader's emotions?
Ethos, pathos, and logos are the ways the author APPEALS to a reader.
LOGOS is how the author appeals to the reader's sense of reason.
Nobody can read and then POOF a good essay without thought and preparation.
Use DIDLS to annotate your text. Use the rhetorical triangle to think about the work's big picture. Use ethos, pathos, logos to think about the work's intricacies.
Source: Andrew Hollinger