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Les origines de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale

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Pete Kitay

on 16 April 2015

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Transcript of Les origines de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale

Les origines de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale
CHC2DJ
Unité 3

Les origines de la Seconde Guerre Mondiale:
deux interprétations
La politique expansionniste de l'état Nazi en Europe
La politique de apaisement
La faiblesse des puissances de occidentales avait-elle incité les ambitions expansionnistes de l'état nazi?

Dans quelle mesure la collaboration de l'U.R.S.S. était-elle a blâmé?

La guerre était-elle le résultat du Traité de Versailles et de l'impuissance de la Société des Nations?
PGM 1914-1918
10 - 17 millions
SGM 1939-1945
50-80 millions
1931...1937
1941
1941
VE 8 mai 1945
VJ 2 sept 1945
Dans quelle mesure est-ce le rôle de Hitler en particulier est-il la cause essentielle de la guerre?
L'état nazi était-il un cas spécial sans précédent et sans parallèle?
A.J.P Taylor
Martyn Whittock
La Grande Dépression est-elle le contexte le plus importante pour comprendre les origines de la SGM?
Richard Overy
1935
1936
1939
1938
1934
1919-33
Congrès de Nuremberg
Les jeux olympiques nazis
Anchluss
Mars
Le pacte nazi-soviétique et le pacte d'acier
Droite vs. Gauche
1932: Reichstag dissout
1932: Hitler est 2e dans les élections présidentielles
1932: Hitler refuse l'offre du poste de chancelier
1933: Le gouv't de Schleicher trébuche et Hitler est nommé chancelier
27 février incendie du Reichstag

23 mars 1933 Hitler invoque l'article 48 de la constitution donnant des pouvoirs
spéciaux au gouv't
...fin de la démocratie parlementaire
30 juin "la Nuit des Longs Couteaux"
Hindenburg meurt le 2 aout 1934
Sept
"...we can conclude that Hitler was not a politician like any other. Rather, he was committed to a European-wide war and obsessed with a racially distorted version of geo-politics."
"The cause of the Second World War was not just Hiter. The war was brought about by the interplay between specific factors, of which Hitler was one, and the more general causes making instability in the international system."
Though Hitler blundered in supposing that the two Western Powers would not go to war at all, his expectation that they would not go to war seriously turned out to be correct. Great Britain and France did nothing to help the Poles, and little to help themselves. The European struggle which began in 1918 when the German armistice delegates presented themselves before Foch in the railway-carriage at Rethondes, ended in 1940 when the French armistice delegates presented themselves before Hitler in the same carriage. There was a “new order” in Europe; it was dominated by Germany.
26 avril 1937
1935
1936
1938
1939
La Sarre
La Rhénanie
Anschluss
Annexion de la Czechoslovakie et l'invasion de la Pologne
Full transcript