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Martin R. Delany
Transcript of Martin R. Delany
Martin R. Delany Greatest Quotes
Martin Delany is considered to be the father of Black Nationalism
Advocated violent resistance to slavery
He refused to accept financial help from white abolitionists or any type of help
Believed in emigration of African Americans to Central and South America. (Any place that is better than the United States)
Believed in the education of African Americans especially of black women
Believed in inherent racial difference
- Stressed the greatness of the African people
- Warned against intermixing of the races
Martin R. Delany
African American Lit. A3
Martin Robinson Delany was born a slave in Charleston, Virginia, on 6th May, 1812. Illegally taught to read by his mother, his father purchased the family's freedom in 1823.
When Delany was nineteen he moved to Pittsburgh where he attended the Bethel Church School. A doctor in the town, Andrew McDowell, employed Delany as his assistant.
In 1843 Delany began publishing the anti-slavery newspaper, The Mystery. Four years later, Delany joined Frederick Douglass on the North Star. He also attended the Harvard Medical School (1849-52) and afterwards established himself as a doctor in Pittsburgh.
Delany continued in the struggle against slavery and he traveled the country campaigning against the Fugitive Slave Act. In 1852 Delany published the Destiny of the Colored People in the United States (1852) where he recommended emigration out of the United States. In 1859 he led an exploration party to West Africa to investigate the Niger Delta as a location for settlement.
During the Civil War Delany recruited soldiers for the Union Army. In 1865 he obtained the rank of major, therefore becoming the first Afro-American to receive a regular army commission. After the war he worked for the Freemen's Bureau.
In 1873 Delany became a customs inspector in Charleston and was an active supporter of the Liberian Exodus Joint Stock Exchange Company, an organization which arranged the transport of emigrants to Liberia. Martin Robinson Delany died in Wilberforce, Ohio, on 24th January, 1885.
Martin Delany held many positions in his life. Some of his professions include being an editor, a physician, a lecturer, an explorer, an army officer, realtor, jurist, social activist, reformer and a novelist. His most noted piece work is
The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States
, published in 1582. In this piece of work, he shows his true intellectual leadership by explaining that as a people, we should be "expressing our mind freely, and with candor, as we are determined that as far as we can at the present do so, the minds of our readers shall be enlightened."
Works of Mr. Martin R. Delany
Effect on the African American community
Booker T. Washington (April 5, 1856-November 14,1915)
Occupation: Educator, Civil Rights Activist
Education: Hampton Normal and Agriculture Institute, Wayland Seminary in Washington, D. C.
born a slave
father unknown but is white
put himself through college
Thought blacks should take a back seat to whites
Blacks should wait and improves themselves while white society got used to "colored"
wanted blacks to obtain equality through humility, diligence, and subservience.
Wanted blacks to trust the paternalism of southern whites accept white supermacy
Opposite Ideas Than Delany's
Father of Black Nationalism
Paved the way for many black leaders and provided the platform or base ideology of Black Nationalism.
Even though he isn't given the recognition as other black leaders he was one of the main men that they learned from and mimicked.