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Beth Ivanoff

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of Tuberculosis

Most affected by Tuberculosis Causes of Tuberculosis Tuberculosis Symptoms of Tuberculosis HOW TUBERCULOSIS AFFECTS THE BODY How daily life is affected For a person affected with TB, daily life shouldnt be affected in the long run. To make sure this happens, several things need to be done... History of Tuberculosis Before mid-1800s ~Humans were affected by TB for thousands of years
~Tuberculosis was considered hereditary ~Considered a slow and painful death Description Elizabeth Ivanov
Health 4 Cures and Treatments Sources ~http://onemillion.theglobalfund.org/page/signup/fighting-tuberculosis?source=BSDads_GoogleSearch_+B448_13328320650

When a person is infected by Tuberculosis, several side effects may occur:
*Bacteria multiplies causing Pneumonia
*Chest, back, and/or kidney pains
*Coughing up blood
*Enlarged lymph nodes near heart & lungs
*Shortness of breath
*Weight loss Tuberculosis is affected by a bacterium called "Mycobacterium Tuberculosis." This bacteria is exposed through droplets in the air (when an affected person sneezes, coughs, etc.) Tuberculosis is an infectious disease (caused by a bacteria named "Mycobacterium Tuberculosis." It can generally affect almost any organ in the body, but the lungs are mostly targeted. Jean-Antoine Villemin (French surgeon)
proves Tuberculosis to be contagious 1865 1882 Dr. Robert Koch (German Scientist) discovers
which bacteria causes Tuberculosis,"Mycobacterium Tuberculosis." TB victims went to sanitoriums, with a daily routine of....
-fresh air
-extra food Selman Waksman (American Scientist) discovers a drug that can cure Tuberculosis. 1943 1943-1952 Two more cures are found for Tuberculosis. By this time, the rate of death for Tb in America has dropped dramatically mid-1970's Most American sanatoriums are closed down. During the next twenty years, like smallpox and polio, people held hopes that Tuberculosis would be eliminated from America. mid-1980's Amount of cases reported in Tuberculosis began to increase. Because of this, organizations and medical departments began to increase their productivity and advancements. 1992 Amount of Tuberculosis cases begin to decrease again Today Infection or cases of Tuberculosis can still be proven fatal if not treated right away HIV and TB relationship Since the 1980s: TB cases have increased because of HIV. If someone has HIV and TB, their condition worsens instantly, since both diseases worsen each other's condition. HIV hurts the immune system, making it harder for the system to defend itself against TB bacteria. Because of this, those who are HIV positive are more likely to catch Tuberculosis. Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis... Ever since antibiotics were prescribed to TB victims, the bacteria had begun to adapt to the medicine, and slowly, it gained more and more strength to be able to survive the attacks of the medicine. As the medicine becomes stronger, so will the disease itself. Tuberculosis is treated with antibiotics, a process which lasts about 6 months. Danger of treatment: Treatment of TB has to be used in the precise time that is directed. Failure to keep prescription intake on time gives time for Tb bacteria to develop resistance to the medication, which causes the bacteria to gain strength and resist any prescription. Treatment would be very hard, if possible, at this point. -Isoniazid (INH)
(Can cause liver if used long term)
-Rifampin (RIF)
-Pyrazinamide FACTS:
-8.7 million people affected by TB, 1.4 million died in 2011
-95% of deaths from TB happen in low, middle income countries.
-One of three causes of death for women between ages of 15-44.
-Leading killer for those affected w/ HIV
-Worldwide, more than 14 million people are affected by TB today TOP COUNTRIES AFFECTED... -Afghanistan
-Democratic Republic of Congo -Pakistan
-China -Philippines
-Russian Federation
-South Africa
-U.R of Tanzania
-Zimbabwe -Those who work in areas exposed to TB (nursing homes, homeless shelters, health care, etc.
-Those infected with HIV
-Higher risk for foreigners and minors Who is most affected?... Antibiotics used... TB doesn't affect the appearance of a body as much as the insides...
-Lymph nodes
-Spine -Stay away from people, work, or school to not spread infections.
-Take prescribed medicine; be sure to be consistent with the time. (failure results in bacteria resistance, and TB cannot be cured.
-Prescriptions may have side affects:
-loss of appetite
-ringing in ears
-blurred vision
-easy bruising
-tingling toes/fingers
-stomache pains
-easy bleeding
-Dizziness What if drugs are not taken regularly? The TB bacteria will grow stronger, causing the infected to become sicker and weaker. They will not be able to be around family and friends as much to not risk spreading TB. More powerful and advanced medication would need to be taken, producing serious side affects.
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