Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Calques and Borrowings

No description
by

Ana Salazar

on 16 August 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Calques and Borrowings

Calques and Borrowings
2013-2
Professor Andre Dumoulin

Borrowing
Reasons for language borrowings
One language may possess words for which there are no equivalents in the other language. There may be words for objects, social, political, and cultural institutions and events or abstract concepts which are not found in the culture of the other language.
English borrowings are entering languages everywhere, and in more domains than just science and technology.

Loanwords from a dominant field or activity
Loanwords - Major periods of Borrowing in the History of English
Germanic period: butter (butere), cheese (ceas), street (straet).

Middle English Period: Scandinavian: anger, cake, egg, husband, root, take, they, ugly, window.
French (law and gov.): attorney, country, court, crime, evidence, government, jail, jury, noble... Church: abbot, prayer, priest, saint. Nobility: baron, count, duke, marquis, prince, noble, royal. Military: army, battle, captain, defense, enemy, navy, soldier. Cooking: beef, broil, butcher, pork, poultry, roast, stew, veal.

Early Modern English Period: Latin: abdomen, anatomy, expensive, habitual, insane, meditate, physician.

Modern English: French: ballet, cabernet, champagne, chic,
cognac, quiche, rouge, salon, roulet, cavalry.


Loanwords from Spanish
Armada, adobe, alligator, alpaca, armadillo, barricade, bravado, cannibal, canyon, coyote, desperado, embargo, enchilada, guitar, marijuana, mesa, mosquito, mustang, ranch, taco, tornado, tortilla, vigilante, salsa.


English loandwords
Sports: básket (basketball), béisbol (baseball).
People: líder (leader), rockero (rocker).
Music: blues, heavy, house, jazz, pop, punk.
Technology: email, click, pc, gps, chat, cd, dvd, webcam.
Places: club, pub, parking.
Miscellaneous: piercing, zapping, bowl, fashion, bypass.
Definitions
Calque
Loan words
Loan translations
Loan words or Borrowings are
terms taken directly from another language
.
Concerning borrowing refers to a case where a word or an expression is taken from SL and used in the TL, but in a "naturalized" form, it is made to conform to the rules of grammar or pronunciation of the TL.

A calque or loan translation is a
phrase borrowed from another language and translated literally word-for-word.
Calque may introduce a structure that is stranger from the TL.
Calque expressions consist of imitating the manner of expression of the ST and TT.
Each individual part of the word (prefix, root and suffix) is translated into its literal equivalent in another language.
Arts: Most of the technical vocabulary referring to
classical musical
(e.g.
concerto, allegro, tempo, aria, opera, soprano
) is borrowed from
italian
and likewise in
ballet
from
French
.

Religion:
Hijab
(Arabic),
Baptism
(Greek, Christianity),
Shabbat
(Hebrew),
Mass and Communion
(Latin),
Guru
(Sanskrit).

Science: Uses a large vocabulary of
Latin
terms (
sternum, appendix
), as a result of medieval advances in medical science being conducted in Latin.
Calque: is an expression borrowed by way of literal translation from one language to another.
blue-blood: noble birth - from Spanish sangre azul.
skyscraper: rascacielo
moment of truth: momento de la verdad
frogman: hombre rana
cease-fire: alto al fuego
dishwasher: lavaplatos
honeymoon: luna de miel
wild west: salvaje oeste
hard disk: disco duro
Full transcript