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Adolescent Sport Intervention

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Luke Green

on 3 May 2014

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Transcript of Adolescent Sport Intervention

University Student Sport Intervention
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Social Cognitive Theory
Bandura, 1986
The emails that the students receive will have an online survey to complete.
Emails will also be sent to the clubs that we have engaged with, in regards to the intervention

Follow- Up
Students, Clubs and coaches will receive email at the end of semester 2 with online survey to complete.
Participation levels- have students carried on attending the sessions? Have more students attended since the intervention compared to before? Are students continuing to go to the session, coming on their own or coming with friends?
Expansion to: both sexes, other universities, other sport.

The Problem- Dan
Participant- Alex
Theory- Luke
Proposition- Ross
Monitoring, Evaluation & Follow-up- Tom
The Problem
Too many students who play football and not enough places in the University squad to accommodate them
Students lack awareness of local surroundings when moving to university (Strout, 2007)
Most university students gain weight of up to half a stone within first 3-4 months of moving to university (Nelson et al. 2008)
Particular patterns of exercising may not be upheld or continued (Gyurcisk, Bray & Brittain, 2004)
Target Population
Target population-1st year male university students who trialled for the university football squad.
Population Characteristics
Low income- student finance/ PT jobs (Van Niekerk, 2010, Fullerton, 2013)
Unaware of surroundings- moving from home (Godbey & Mowen, 2010)
Motivated by intrinsic factors- competition & challenge (Egli et al. 2011)
Not meeting exercise requirements (Gyurcisk, Bray & Brittain, 2004)
Popularity- over 800 students trialled for football squad

The Proposition
14 Week Email based intervention (Hatchett et al. 2013)
Large group size, easy to send email, build up trust before face to face contact (Sampson, 1997)
Emails sent to every student who was unsuccessful at the football trials at the start of the year and will receive 3 emails throughout their first semester.
Open days for students at local clubs.
'Bring a friend' initiative
Overview of the Presentation
The Problem-Dan
Theory- Luke
Monitoring, Evaluation & Follow-up-Tom
Self- Efficacy
Situation specific confidence
Body Composition- Athletic
Age- 1st year students 18
Sex- Male

Facilities access
Local knowledge (Strout, 2007)
Social norms (Beets et al. 2007)
Accommodation location (Gobey and Mowen, 2010)

Future Behaviours- (Wallace et al., 2000)

Success of the intervention will be on participation levels from local sports clubs
Strengths/ Limitations
Effectiveness of intervention & improvements

Any Questions?
The Proposition & The Theory
Environment- improves local knowledge and awareness
Person- increase confidence from knowledge of environment, weight loss from participation
Behaviour- intention to participate within football team
Self-Efficacy- playing for a local football team
Appendix 1
Social Ecological Theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1979)
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
Appendix 4
• Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice- Hall.

• Beets, M. W., Pitetti, K. H., & Forlaw, L. (2007).The role of self-efficacy and referent specific social support in promoting rural adolescent girls’ physical activity. American Journal of Health Behavior, 31(3), 227-237.

• Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979) The Ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

• Godbey, G.C., & Mowen, A. (2010). The benefits of physical activity: The scientific evidence. Ashburn, Virginia: National Recreation and Parks Association.

• Ebben, W. & Brudzynski, L (2008). Motivations and barriers to exercise among College Students. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 11 (5) pp1-11.

• Egli, T., Bland, H.W., Melton, B.F. & Czech, D.R. (2011) Influence of age, sex and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity. Journal of American College Health, 59(5), 399-406.

• Fullerton, D.S. (2011). A collaborative approach to college and university student healthand wellness. New Directions for Higher Education, 153, 61–69.

• Gyurcsik NC, Bray SR, and Brittain DR. (2004) Coping with barriers to vigorous physical activity during transition to university. Fam Community Health, 27, pp30-142.

• Hatchett, A., Hallam, J. S. & Ford, M. A. (2013). Evaluation of a social-cognitive theory-based e-mail intervention designed to influence the physical activity of survivors of breast cancer. Psycho-onocolgy, 22, pp829-836.

• Nelson, M.C., Story, M., Larson, N.I., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Lytle, L.A. (2008). Emerging adulthood and college-aged youth: An overlooked age for weight-related behaviour change. Obesity, 16(10), 2205–2211.

• Patrick, H., Ryan, A. M., Alfred-Liro, C. (1999) Adolescents’ commitment to developing talent: the role of peers in continuing motivation for sports and the arts. Journal of Youth Adolescents, 28 (6), pp741-763.

• Sampson, J. P., Kolodinsky, R. W. & Greeno, B. P. (1997) Counselling on the information highway: Future possibilities and potential problems. Journal of Counceling and Development. 75, pp203-212.

• Sallis JF, Simons-Morton BG, Stone EJ, et al. Determinants of physical activity and interventions in youth. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1992;24(6):S248–S257.

• Van Niekerk, R. L. (2010) Understanding the barriers to and reasons for physical exercise among university students. African journal for Physical, health education, Recreation and Dance, 16 (4) pp172-181.

• Wallace, L.S., Buckworth, J., Kirby, T.E., & Sherman, M. (2000). Characteristics of exercise behavior among college students: Application of social cognitive theory to predicting stage of change. Preventive Medicine, 31, pp494–505.
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