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Transcript of The Philippines
Has a tropical, wet climate with distinct wet and dry seasons.
The land is mostly mountainous.
It is part of the Ring of Fire so most of these Mountains are Volcanoes There were many distinct tribes that were native to the Philippines. They were the Negrito of Luzon, the Igorot, the Mangyan, the Tribes of Palawan, the Ati, the Tribes of Panay, the Lumad, and the Bajau. The Philippines Natives Location National Symbols The three gold stars at each vertex of the white triangle represent the country's 3 main regions Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. The large sun in the middle represents the first provinces that started in 1896. The national flag of the Philippines If red and blue stripes are switched this symbolizes a state of war History Revolution The first European contact with the Philippines was in 1521 with Spanish Explorers who took over control of the islands implementing chinese trade labour.
Because Spain was at odds with many Europeans during the 16th century, conflicts with the English, French and Dutch spilled into the colonies.
There were many wars over the control of the Philippines and surrounding West and East Indies, resulting in the Spanish Empire losing power.
During this time, the Jesuit became more influential. The Filipinos became resentful to the power that Spain and the clergy held, and as a result began opposing them.
In 1896 a revolution began which was lead by Emilio Aguinaldo who then also arranged a peace treaty with Spain.
This peace was short-lived as neither side honoured their agreement and the result was a commencement of the revolution.
In a very short time the Filipinos declared their independence and established the first republic in Asia. Spanish Control Shortly after, the US took control of the Philippines resulting in many revolts
As a result of the great depression, and the conflict between US and Japan, the US lost interest in controlling the Philippines so they were granted independence in 1931
In WW2 Japan tried to win Filipino loyalty
The Philippines officially became a republic in 1947 however there were still anti American sentiments so there have been frequent attacks on the US embassy US control Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines Also known as Republic Act 8491, protects the code for national flag, anthem, motto, coat-of-arms and any other national items that represent the Philippines. Maka-Tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa For the Love of God, People, Nature and Country
The Motto stands to preserve and save the beautiful earth which was given to the people by the lord. National Motto Maka-Diyos, Mythology The Filipino people have a large collection of mythical stories and superstitions. Although some Filipino people have become more westernized, they still strongly believe in the majority of these tails. The widespread of folk tales and superstition is very strong throughout the whole country. Languages and Culture Languages Nationalistic Factors There are between 120 and 175 distinct languages in the Philippines. There are 2 official languages; Spanish and Togalog, which is spoken by the majority of the population. At various points with different colonizing powers, there was a flux between spanish, Dutch, and English as official languages.
The Philippines have been discriminated for a very long time and have been subject to many unfortunate situations due to outsourcing of jobs and prejudice itself
The Philippines had a hierarchy and during the Philippine Revolution in 1896, the middle class rose
These moments in the Philippines history shaped their view on social factors. Because of prejudice, the Philippines often have a hard time earning the respect they deserve as people. However, since the Revolution the hierarchy as completely fallen and the Philippines has now become a republic. This affected them socially because there was no longer a division among the people according to wealth and other factors
There is still a division today between natives of the Philippines and the Spanish, the Dutch, and other immigrants that now live there because of things that have happened in the past between the groups
Equality is a long shot, and as long as those divisions exist, then it will be difficult for all of the people that live there to get along Social Factors Economic Factors Once based on agriculture, the economy is now turning more so to services and manufacturing for its strength
They use the Philippine peso as currency
Have a strong trading relationship with the US, Japan, China, Singapore, the Netherlands, South Korea, Hong Kong, Germany, Taiwan, and Thailand
Their economy is currently ranked 43rd in the world, and is expected to grow even faster over the next few decades, and is expected to reach either the 14th or 16th largest economy in the world by 2050
Having a strong economy helps them to achieve a sense of national well-being and pride in their country, and improve the standard of living Political Factors Used to be a hierarchical system including a Middle Class but is now currently a constitutional republic.
Having a constitutional republic as a political system means that they have a constitution that they must follow, therefore their laws must coincide with it and they cannot just do whatever they want -- especially if it comes in conflict with the constitution.
The introduction to their constitution states: “We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of the Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.” Geographic Factors Competing National Loyalties Religion Ethnicity Language A Filipino citizen not practicing Catholicism would be a competing national loyalty because the majority of the nation practices the Catholicism (80.9%) To not participate in the national religion by choosing to practice something else would be competing with the rest of the nation and a non-national loyalty Culture Food Adobo: various types of meat including seafood, chicken, pork, and beef marinated and served on an rice
Arroz Caldo: chicken rice pudding. The Filipino version of American chicken soup
Ilocos empanada: spanish origins, but with local ingredients of papaya, bean egg and sausage Religion Roman Catholic 80.9%, Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, Aglipayan 2%,
other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census) Customs Mano Po- greeting elders
Everyone is related to each other- literally or figuratively since they interact as if they’re related as a sign of respect Dress Official national costume for men is the barong
Official national costume for women is the baro at saya This would convey a competing national loyalty because some Filipino people may be prejudiced towards the spanish due to the results of past history. Although the person may be a citizen of the Philippines, their spanish background would bring up a biased loyalty, having to choose between a Filipino citizen or their past spanish culture. This would also apply to someone moving to the Philippines from the U.S, the past history of U.S control over the Philippines resulted in anti-american acts. The Philippines are a group of 7,107 islands, which all have many mountains and rainforests on their surface, and because of their closeness to the Pacific Ring of Fire, experience a lot of volcanic activity
The fairly isolated nature of their nation allows them to keep a strong, independent culture, and not become too strongly influenced by others Living in the Philippines with a spanish or American background Different citizens may be loyal to different languages because of the lack of stability in control of the country. Historically, the Philippines has changed their official language numerous times in the past 150 years. The current official languages are Spanish and Togalog which are spoken by the majority of the population.
Language is a competing loyalty because of the many different groups and each practice a different language. In result of having such an abundance of languages different minority groups may feel oppressed due to the lack of power and popularity, and example of this is the french population currently living in Canada. Historical The frequent shifts in rulership over the Philippines resulted in many different cultures and languages.
The historical resentment that the native Filipinos harbor towards their former rulers, the US and Spain is a result of colonization
There are many groups which all have their own feelings of nation. These are based on ethnic, cultural, and linguistic differences.
For example, there is a noticeable difference in association between native Filipino (Togalog) speakers, and Spanish or English speakers.
Their language is a distinguishing factor for their ethnicity and considering the history and resentment that still lingers in the Philippians, people who speak these languages are treated accordingly. Located in southeast asia
Made up of 7107 islands where the average size is 2.5 km
Has a tropical, wet climate with distinct wet and dry seasons
The land is mostly mountainous. It is part of the Ring of Fire so most of these Mountains are Volcanos