Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Totalitarian Regimes and their architecture

No description
by

GIULIA de MAURO

on 16 May 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Totalitarian Regimes and their architecture

Architecture under Totalitarian Regimes of the 1930's
1930's: "The era of totalitarianism"
. suppression of freedom of thought and personal opinion
. inculcation of a new way of thinking which follows the ideology of the Dictator
When Totalitarian Regimes took over, the development of these modernist movements brutally stopped.
Totalitarian Regimes: 3 Men, 3 Political views, 1 Architectural Strategy
Can this strategy be observed in non-totalitarian Regimes in order to control a part of the population?
Plan
I/ Architectural mutations during the 1930s and the takeover of totalitarian regimes

A/ Architectural movements before Totalitarian Regimes

B/ Why did Totalitarian Regimes not allow a further development of Modern Architecture

C/ Totalitarian Regimes: 3 Men, 3 Political views, 1 Architectural Strategy

II/Architecture as a tool to control

A/ 3 Primary Rules to their architectural strategy

B/ Reshaping 3 capitals to show their political power to the world

III/ Can this architecture strategy repeat itself nowadays? And if yes would it be successful?

A/ An architecture strategy rejected? Or regretted?

B/ Where can this strategy can be found nowadays?

C/ Can this strategy be observed in non-totalitarian Regimes in order to control a part of the population?

Totalitarian Regimes and their architecture
Helmut Spiecker (1941), “totalitarian regimes produce totalitarian architecture – totalitarian architecture is the witness of totalitarian regimes”
II/Architecture as a tool to control
I/ Architectural mutations during the 1930s and the takeover of totalitarian regimes
Reshaping 3 capitals to show their political power to the world
21 January 1924.
30 October 1922
24 March 1933
After the murder of Sergei Kirov, Stalin began The Great Terror
Mussolini
Mussolini takes over the power after the walk to Rome
Hitler
Hitler was granted plenary powers.
Stalin
A totalitarian regime is also characterized by being the only political party that holds all power and represents the whole population with no contestation.
Even if they were from three different political parties, the 1930s dictators developed a common architectural strategy to promote their absolute power.
First of all, it is important, before proceeding to an analysis of Totalitarian architecture, to present the architectural movements that where taking place before Mussolini, Hitler and Stalin seized the power.
Did the totalitarian architectural strategy contribute to the propaganda and the took over of the power?
Propaganda
Iconisation/heroisation
Control of the population's movements
Futurism
Deutscher Werkbund
Constructivism
“ Art will be serving the power or will not be”.
Hitler

Architecture is believed to be the “only art form that can actually melt with the world as well as influence the people who inhabit it”.

By taking over architecture, Hitler, Mussolini and Stalin didn’t just affect the landscape, but also the mood of the people.
Totalitarian architecture had to be “gigantic, imposing and frightening”
3 Primary Rules to their architectural strategy
A Stage
Symbolic
Didactic
Analyze 3 different types of gigantism and theatres where the crowed listen to the dictator speeches and watches his show.
Faces of dictators and political slogans on facades of buildings, changes of meaning of symbols of the past (roman eagle)
Use aspect of past to create new present
Rome
Berlin
Moscow

III/ Can this architecture strategy repeat itself nowadays? And if yes would it be successful?

An architecture strategy rejected? Or regretted?

- Totalitarian Architecture still present but as a reminder of past mistakes
- Totalitarian architecture as a historic heritage
- Russia still adopting it?

Where can this strategy can be found nowadays?
China?
North Korea?
Cuba?
- Bigger scale political power: today architectural strategy to increase economy because now win the power who can raze economy of country

- Smaller scale: architect himself can he dictate how to live?
Full transcript