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Power in the Name of Jesus F13 370
Transcript of Power in the Name of Jesus F13 370
Christianity & 'Traditional Religion'
Historically, 1st missionaries tended to be associated with the Catholics, Methodists, Anglicans, Presbyterians
offered new route to 'modernity' through education
These brands of Christianity became associated with the wealthy elite, colonially and post-colonially
Embedded assumption that Christianity & missionaries represented a powerful presence that culturally dominated populations and destroyed indigenous religious practices
--"colonization" process that entailed the adoption of "Christian" frameworks of understanding
Know this is problematic, if only through case studies of witchcraft
--different intentions, different histories of missionaries
Meyer's research on the missionary encounter in south-eastern Ghana also questions this assumption
--argues that people were active in interpreting mission messages
--missionaries intent didn't always 'translate'
--religious reformers subsequently tried to find the appropriate blend of Christianity and 'traditional religion'
How did the NMG missionaries (Germany, 1847) try to make Christianity meaningful to the 'Peki Ewe'?
--Mawu - God
--Yesu Kristo- Jesus
--Gbogbo Kokoe - Holy Spirit
--Abosom - Devil
--deity, impersonal, uncaring
--no unified set of ideas about
--Mawu as indigenous God who created trowo (deities)
Yesu Kristo --
--structural similarities between YK and trowo
--YK - Good
--trowo - Bad?
--replaces understanding of aklama
--empty space to be filled with Mawu or gbogbo vowo (evil spirit)
--borrowed word from Akan
Splits within church--
--Dzobo-- meleagbe theology
--argued Ewe knew God (mawu) through trowo
--reclaiming positive qualities of trowo
--reaction to colonialism and missionary domination
--diabolization of trowo
--Devil responsible for present conditions of poverty, illness, etc.
--provides mechanism of 'deliverance'
What were the Otwerri Riots in Nigeria?
How is Neo-Pentecostalism implicated?
Were all Neo-Pentecostal churches attacked?
Why are people attracted to Neo-Pentecostalism?
-Ewe Priest: "God (Dzingbe) and I are one, he tells me everything."
- Wolf: "I am afraid you are a liar and you just talk like this to deceive the people...because God hates the fetishes (tro)"
-King: "All the fetishes (tro) are from God (Dzingbe)"
-Wolf: "No, they are from the Devil (abosam/witches).
Wolf, a Priest, and a King....