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Rhetorical Devices & Strategies

Intro to Rhetoric Notes for AP Language and Composition
by

Jennifer Gibson

on 7 September 2010

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Transcript of Rhetorical Devices & Strategies

Rhetorical Devices & Strategies Alliteration: repetition of the same beginning sound
for several words in a sequence the rhetorical repetition of one or several words; specifically, repetition that ends one clause but is at the beginning of the next Anadiplosis or "doubling back" example: "Fear is the path to the dark side. Fear leads to anger.
Anger leads to hate. Hate leads to suffering.
I sense much fear in you." -Yoda
Anaphora: the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or lines example: "Of all the gin joints in all the towns
in all the world, she walks into mine." -Casablanca
Antithesis: opposition, or contrast of ideas or words in a
balanced or parallel construction Example: "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way." -Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities
Asyndeton: lack of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words Example: "Anyway, like I was saying, shrimp is the fruit of the sea.
You can barbecue it, boil it, broil it, bake it, saute it.
Dey's uh, shrimp-kabobs, shrimp creole, shrimp gumbo. Pan fried, deep fried, stir-fried.
There's pineapple shrimp, lemon shrimp, coconut shrimp, pepper shrimp,
shrimp soup, shrimp stew, shrimp salad, shrimp and potatoes,
shrimp burger, shrimp sandwich. That--that's about it."
-Bubba in Forrest Gump Allusion: brief reference to well known person,
event, place (real or fiction)
or to a work of art "I was not born in a manger. I was actually born
on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jor-el,
to save the Planet Earth." -President Obama
Euphemism: substitution of an agreeable or at least non-offensive expression for one whose plainer meaning might be harsh or unpleasant Mr. Prince: We'll see you when you get back from image enhancement camp.
Martin Prince: Spare me your euphemisms! It's fat camp, for Daddy's chubby little secret!
-The Simpsons
Hyperbole: exaggeration for emphasis
or rhetorical effect example: "Yo mama's so old,
she was a waitress at the last supper." metaphor: figure of speech that says one thing IS
another in order to explain by comparison
example: "Men's words are bullets,
that their enemies take up and make
use of against them." -George Saville metonomy: substitution of one word for another which it suggests. ex. A "redneck" is a stereotypical slang term used to describe white, working-class rural Southerners (with the original term describing people who had sunburned necks from working in the field. allegory: extending a metaphor through an
entire narrative so that objects,
persons, and actions in the text are
equated with meanings that lie
outside the text ex. Animal Farm by George Orwell kairos: refers to the CONTEXT of communication; the place, time, what opportunity is available, what words will be effective and appropriate? juxtaposition: placing two or more things together, especially in order to suggest a link between them or emphasize the contrast between them
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