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Welcome to Saudi Arabia!

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by

Christine Milne

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Welcome to Saudi Arabia!

Welcome to Saudi Arabia!
Geographical Makeup:
Climate
Arabian Desert
Water Resources
Major Nautral resources include petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold and copper.

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi: The Mosque of the Prophet
Second holiest site in Islam
Built by Islamic Prophet Muhammad in 622 A.D.
Green Dome is a distinct feature of the Mosque. It is the site of Muhammad's tomb.
Al- Masjid al-Harm
Most sacred mosque in Islam
built around the Kaaba
During Hajj, Millions of pilgrims gather to circle the Kaaba 7 times counter-clockwise. This is called the Tawaf.
Population: 26,939,583

Life Expectancy
Male: 72.58
Female: 76.68

Language: Arabic

Ethnic Groups:
90% Arab, 10% Afro-Asian

GDP: $701.4 billion (2012 est.)

Majority Sunni muslims. 10-15 % are Shia
Among 20 richest nations world-wide.
Abraj Al-Bait
world's tallest clock tower
part of King Abdulaziz Endowment Project to modernize the city
Most popular food includes wheat, rice, lamb, chicken and dates
Quba Mosque
Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud
He is 89 years old
Rate number 8 on Forbes' list of the most powerful people in the world
One of many sons of Ibn Saud, the founder present day Saudi Arabia
He holds the key to the two holiest sites in all of Islam, and the world's second largest crude oil deposit.

Saudi Arabia is a monarchy
The king is the chief of state and the head of government.
There is a Council of Ministers that is appointed by the king every four years. The councin consists primarily of members of the royal family.
Since Saudi Arabia is an Islamic state, its judicial system is based on Islamic law (Shari’ah).
On March 1, 1992 the Basic Law of Government was issued by royal decree. It serves as the constitutional framework, and is based on the Qur'an and the life and tradition of the Prophet Muhammad
Wahhabi Movement
Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab was the founder of the movement and he also helped to establish the first Saudi State.
Aspired to return to the earliest fundamental sources of the Quran and the Hadith.
Ultra conservative branch of Sunni Islam
Against modernity, secularism, and the Enlightenment
Wahhab feared people returning to pre-islamic polytheism
Full transcript