Transcript of The Animal Cell
The Selectively Permeable Membrane Large and charged particles cannot pass through the membrane. As you can see to your right, the large and charged molecule of Sucrose cannot pass through, but the smaller and not charged Sodium can pass through with ease! The Lysosomes The Speederific Ribosomes. Now we arrive to the ribosomes that look like little brown beads. They make proteins, one being enzymes. Since the ribosomes are attached to the ER, giving it the name "Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum.", the enzymes it creates will speed us up on our way in there. Endoplasmic Reticulum If you look to your right you will see the Endoplasmic Reticulum. It has two types: Smooth and Rough. The Rough ER aids in synthesis of secretory and other proteins from bond ribosomes; adds carbohydrates to glycoproteins, and produces a new membrane, then the Smooth ER detoxifies drugs and poisons. The Hungry, Hungry Vacuoles The vacuoles in an animal cell is there for storage of water, nutrients, and wastes and the breakdown of waste products. As you can see the plant cell vacuole is much larger than an animal vacuole. The Mighty Mighty Mitochondria! Cellular Respiration takes place here, this is also where ATP is created. This produces energy for our cell for different processes such as Active Transport, Mitosis and Meiosis. If on this tour and you feel symptoms of fatigue, drowsiness, lethargy, dizziness, sleepiness, etc, feel free to grab one of our ATP energy shots! The Nucleus The nucleus, is the control center of the cell. It controls all the functions that the cell does. It also holds chromatin that aid in mitosis and meiosis. The Sucrose is too large to pass through the membrane but Glucose is not! Welcome to the Animal Cell! Please keep all hands and feet in the transport vesicle at all times. Please also be courteous to your fellow peers on the tour. Thank you! Now that you have been granted access the animal cell, we have to travel through the lysosomes that will hydrolyze any macromolecule that could be of harm to our cell. Vvvvrrroooooooommmmm!!! Without ATP With ATP The Animal Cell By Melonie Bryant, Austin Brown & Megan Prince As you can see the Rough ER has our Ribosomes attached to it, and the smooth ER does not. This is a close up of the nuclear envelope. This controls what goes in and out of the cell. This is a photo of the nucleolus. It helps with the production of ribosomes. The Golgi Body We will now stop and eat at the Golgi Body Cafe. This is full of packaged and sorted meals just like a real Golgi Body will do. A real Golgi Body is active in synthesis, modification, sorting and secretion of cell products. Sources http://www.biology4kids.com/files/cell_er.html http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/nucleus/nuclearenvelope.htmlFull transcript
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