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Transcript of SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONS OF AN INSTITUTION
Institutions are purposive.
They are relatively permanent in their content.
Institutions are structured.
Institutions are unified structure.
Institutions are necessarily value-laden.
FUNCTIONS OF SOCIAL INSTITUTION
MAJOR SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS
SOCIAL INSTITUTION is a group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing a social role.
It can also be defined in a narrow sense as any institution in a society that works to socialize the groups of people in it.
Simplify social behavior for the individual person.
Provide ready-made forms of social relations and social roles for the individual.
Act as agencies of coordination and stability for the total culture.
Institutions tend to control over behavior.
Reproduction of the race and rearing of the young
Cultural transmission or enculturation
Socialization of the child
Providing affection and a sense of security
Providing social status
Latent Functions of Education
Restricting some activities
Matchmaking and production
of social networks
Creation of generation gap
Belief in a deity or in a power beyond the individual
A doctrine (accepted teaching) of salvation
A code of conduct
The use of sacred stories, and
Religious rituals (acts and ceremonies)
Technical and Economic Functions
Manifest Functions of Education
Promoting Social and Political Integration
Agent of Change
Functions of the Family
Functions of School
Functions of School as Stated by Calderon
Social Service Function
Characteristics of Religion
Functions of Religion
1. Religion serves as a means of social control.
2. It exerts a great influence upon personality development.
3. Religion allays fear of the unknown.
4. Religion explains events or situations which are beyond the comprehension of man.
5. It gives man comfort, strength an hope in times of crisis and despair.
6. It preserves and transmits knowledge, skills, spiritual and cultural values and practices.
7. It serves as an instrument of change.
8. It promotes closeness, love, cooperation, friendliness, and helpfulness.
9. Religion alleviates sufferings from major calamities.
10. It provides hope for a blissful life after death.
Difference among churches, sects and cults
• inclusive membership
• low tension with surrounding society
• greater intellectual examination and interpretation of the tenants of religion
• exclusive membership
• high tension with surrounding society
• literal in teaching
Stark and Bainbridge (1985)
• more innovative institutions
• formed when people create new religious beliefs and practices
Elements of Religion
Sacred and Profane
Legitimation of Norms
Microeconomics vs. Macroeconomics
Basic Economic Problems
1. What goods and services to produce and how much?
2. How to produce goods and services?
3. For whom are the goods and services?
Purposes of Schools
CHILDREN OF MARY SCHOOL
TRAVERS & REBORE (1990) DEFINE RELIGION AS THAT WHICH INVOLVES
a belief about the meaning of life
a commitment by the individual and the group to this belief
a system of moral practices resulting from commitment to this belief, and
a recognition by the proponents of this belief that is supreme or absolute
The changes that have taken place and are taking place in the Philippines are the result chiefly of the interplay of forces in our material well-being. Our mode of living centers on the acquisition of wealth in order to satisfy our wants and this aspect of man's activity constitutes the field of ...
It is concerned with the specific
economic units of parts that make
an economic system and the
It is concerned with the economy as a whole, or large segments of it. It focuses on such problems as the role of unemployment, the changing level of prices, the nation's total output of goods and services, and the ways in which government raises and spends money.
Both categories involve the construction of theories and formulation of policies-activities that are the heart of economics.
THE CONSTITUENT FUNCTIONS
the keeping of order and providing for the protection of the persons and property from violence and robber
the fixing of legal relations
the regulation of the holding, transmission, and the interchange of property, and the determination of its liabilities for the debt or for crime
the determination of contractual rights
the definition and punishment of rights
the administration of political duties, privileges and relations of citizens; and
the dealings of the state with foreign growers
THE MINISTRANT FUNCTIONS
those undertaken to advance the general interest of society, such as public works, public charity; and regulation of trade and industry.