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Rain Forests

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Jenny Ka

on 24 February 2014

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Transcript of Rain Forests

Rain Forests
What's a Rain Forest & the climate?
Special Landforms that are in Rain Forests
There are 3 special kinds of landforms that are located in a Rain Forest.
Mountains, valleys, and flood plains. They can also have rivers and streams flowing through them.
Mountains can be found in South America, Asia, Australia, Africa and the Pacific Islands rain forests.
Where are Rain Forests located at?
Almost all rain forests lie near the equator.
3 major geographical regions around the world:
Central America in the Amazon river basin.
Africa: Zaire basin with a small area in West Africa, also eastern Madagascar.
Indo-Malaysia: West coast of India, Assam, Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Queensland,Australia.
There are two rain forests: tropical and temperate.
Tropical Rain Forests is a forest filled with tall trees in an area of year-round warmth.
Rain Forests are a tropical wet climate group.
An average of 50-260 of rain falls yearly.
Temperature rarely gets higher than 93 degrees F and drops below 63 degrees F.
Average humidity is between 77 and 88%
Trees, shrubs, bromeliads, other plants.
Primary Consumers
Macaws, monkeys,butterflies, sloths, toucans.
Secondary Consumers (Tertiary)
Jaguars, tigers, and boa constrictors.
Butterflies and insects.
Mushrooms, insects and microorganisms.
Animals in the rain forests adapt to eating food that no other animal eats. Toucans adapted by having a long bill that helps them get fruit of branches and cutting it open.
Plants adapt in the rain forest depending on how much shade the plant can tolerate, or they adapt by being able to find a way to get sunlight. Competition for sunlight can be deadly at times.
Abiotic Factors
What are the abiotic factors in the rain forests?
The abiotic factors are the amount of water, sunlight, climate, weather and precipitation in the area.
How do they affect the rain forests?
The abiotic factors affect the plants and animals survival. Without the right amount of water and sunlight, the plants won't grow and die. Therefore, the animals wouldn't have be able to survive as well.
One of the most important plant species in the rainforest.
Hundreds of animals feed on the sweet fruit of a fig tree.
Mangrove Forests
Woody, specialized kinds of trees that live on the edges of the rainforests where the oceans meet.
Protects coastline and prevent erosion by collecting sediment from rivers and streams which slows down water flow.
Special adaptations that lets them live in salty water.
Kapok Tree
Originated from South America rain forests.
Provide a home for plants that depend on sunlight.
Many plants and animals grow and live in the branches of the kapok tree.
Can grow up to more than 150 ft. Towers over all the other trees in the rainforest.
Native to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Borneo.
Grows in lowland rainforests.
Can live from 80-150 years or longer.
As tall as 130 ft. high.
Strangler Figs
Can be found in every major rainforest around the world.
Bengal Bamboo
Found in Southeast Asian rain forests.
Grows between 40 - 80 feet high.
Reduces soil erosion and sucks up water from heavy rain.
Adapts to the rain forest by growing tall and fast to be able to receive sunlight and a lot of rain.
Bengal Tiger
Weighs up to 575 pounds.
Can grow as long as 10 feet and 3 feet tall.
Lives in the regions of India, Bangladesh, China, Siberia and Indonesia.
Bengal tigers can be very sneaky and quiet.
They're carnivorous.
Toco Toucan
Largest of the toucans.
Weighs about ten to seventeen ounces.
Length can be from twenty-four to twenty-six inches long.
Likes to live in open areas and lowland rain forests in South America.
King Cobra
Lives in the Southeast Asian rain forest.
Mostly found near rivers and swampy areas.
Can grow up to 12-18 feet.
Weighs 12-20 pounds.
Nicknamed as "Snake Eater"
Lives in the Amazon Rainforest.
Nocturnal animal that sleeps in the upper canopy of trees.
Grows from 16-30 inches.
Weighs between 3-10 pounds.
Sharp claws help them to climb and their tail helps them to hang from trees.
3 to 5 feet tall.
Weighs from 99-180 pounds.
They don't compete for food with monkeys.
They adapted by being able to create nests at night on branches as high as 29 feet.
Linne's Sloth
About 28-29 inches long.
Weighs between 9-19 pounds when fully grown.
The Linne's sloth is an omnivore.
Very gentle animal.
Lives in tree tops in Southeast Asian forest.
Rarely comes off the trees.
Largest of the tree dwelling apes.
They can grow up to 5 feet tall.
Male orangutans can weigh up to 220 lbs and females can weigh up to 120 lbs.
They have long thin, reddish-brown hair.
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