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Petroleum

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Brynn Taulton

on 31 March 2017

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Transcript of Petroleum

Science
Petroleum
How Is Petroleum Used?
Petroleum is used to create transportation fuels, fuels for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and feedstock (raw material to supply or fuel a machine or industrial process), for making chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials that are nearly in everything we use.
Where does Petroleum Come From?
Petroleum comes from all around the world. However, the largest provider of petroleum is in Saudi Arabia. In fact, petroleum was discovered there. Not only does most petroleum come from Saudi Arabia--but it makes up most of the nation's economy. Saudi Arabia produces 10 million barrels of petroleum daily. Petroleum is a fossil fuel; meaning that is is formed from ancient organisms and plants from millions of years ago. It's drilled from sedimentary rocks , and then used as oil.
When Do We Use Petroleum?
We use petroleum a lot more than we think we do. Petroleum is used in gasoline or diesel fuel; so whenever you're driving around in a car--just remember it's petroleum that allows you to move. Whenever your parents get your car fixed, petroleum is used as a grease to help repair your vehicle. It can also be found in petroleum jelly--Vaseline; it's harmless. Also, during the winter time--petroleum allows you to turn on the heat so you can get warm. These are only 3 out of several ways we use petroleum in our daily lives. Many people don't even know what petroleum is, and the significance of it to mankind.
Is it a Renewable or a Nonrenewable Source?
Unfortunately, petroleum is a nonrenewable source. This means that once we use all the petroleum, there is no more left. This is mostly because petroleum takes such a long time to form--millions of years. Petroleum can't just be made, it is a natural occurrence forming from sedimentary rocks.
What is Petroleum Turned Into? (Waste Products)
Petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into more useful products such as petroleum naphtha, gasoline, diesel fuel, asphalt base, heating oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas, and carbon dioxide and methane.
Sources
http://discoverer.prod.sirs.com/discoweb/disco/do/article?urn=urn%3Asirs%3AUS%3BARTICLE%3BART%3B0000324430
https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=41&t=6
http://www.vaseline.us/faq.html
https://www.google.com/search?q=fossil+fuels+create+electricity&espv=2&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwihh-3n2_7SAhUC72MKHQCLAnsQ_AUIBigB&biw=1366&bih=654&safe=active&ssui=on#imgrc=tXGunGHrr4TUgM:
How Does Petroleum Generate Electricity?
What Does Petroleum Do To the Environment?
Petroleum is actually not good for the environment. Petroleum is a fossil fuel; this means that when it is burned--Carbon Dioxide and Methane gas. These gases are released into the atmosphere. Burning petroleum emits about three-fourths as much CO2 as burning coal, and thanks to oil’s role as the established fuel for transportation globally, it’s neck-and-neck with coal in the race to become the leading greenhouse gas producer. On top of the enormous amounts of CO2 churned out when petroleum is burned as gas by cars and trucks, hundreds of millions of tons of the pollutant are emitted in the air. This not only causes pollution, but it causes global warming--effecting animals like the Polar Bear.

Brynn Taulton; Period 8
What Is Petroleum?
Petroleum is a crude oil; a naturally occurring liquid that can be refined to make gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, home heating oil, lubricating oil, wax, asphalt, and many other valuable products.
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First you burn the petroleum, heat water to make stream, steam turns turbines, turbines turn generators, and then the electrical power is created. (Energy conversions are showed below.)
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