Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Radical openness in education

We live in an exciting time. Digital technologies are becoming increasingly ubiquitous changing the centres and peripheries of knowledge production and consumption. This presentation is under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.
by

Cristobal Cobo

on 9 November 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Radical openness in education

Images from Urban Network Analysis toolbox software from MIT
http://cityform.mit.edu/projects/urban-network-analysis.html/
Curriculum
Teaching
Accreditation
Research
innovation skills
inconlusions
The 2,000 year old mummy from the Ashmolean Museum. Ox, Uk.
remix
Social Venture Fund
[School of Business-‪U. Michigan‬]
Invests in innovative social enterprises.
New generation of socially-minded business leaders.
‪www.umsocialventure.com‬
http://whyopenedmatters.org
Este video ganó el 3er lugar en el concurso "¿Porqué es importante la educación abierta?" del Departamento de Educación de Estados Unidos.
Design to Improve Life Education
www.DesignToImproveLifeEducation.dk
Augmented Learning Environment
Doodle Buddy
Digital Junkie -
Information Overload

http://goo.gl/Rq6Lf
The connectivist method
Aggregate - Remix - Repurpose - Feed Forward
Learning Outcomes: Personal knowledge (neural connections), not facts and data.
Openness: Closed systems become inactive
http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/after-moodle
Massive Online Open Courses
MOOCs
http://goo.gl/Z6t3f [Tr]
5 steps to succeed in a MOOC
http://goo.gl/C0uBo [Tr]
http://www.educause.edu/ero/article/through-open-door-open-courses-research-learning-and-engagement
The distinction between openness in practice and openness in content.
Particularly useful in adult professional learning environments.
The move away from standard class allowing learners with different interests/needs to create their own course.
Open Accreditation?
Traditional accreditation models will (and have) run into significant difficulties (i.e. openness, trans-national, updating).
Global Education Digest, 2009, UNESCO, Institute for Statistics
recognition for skills and achievements that happen online or out of school
http://openbadges.org
The Future of Education: Epic 2020
http://goo.gl/NSCSj [Tr]
Teachers are expected to provide ‘adapted teaching’. Lower levels of control (are evaluated by students).
http://www.skope.ox.ac.uk/publications/making-most-teachers-knowledge-and-skills
- Developing revenue models to make them self-sustainable;
http://mfeldstein.com/four-barriers-that-moocs-must-overcome-to-become-sustainable-model/
"Invest in professional development; give teachers more time to collaborate; and provide them with resources that help them not only meet the learning standards, but exceed them."
"Invest in professional development; give teachers more time to collaborate; and provide them with resources that help them not only meet the learning standards, but exceed them."
http://www.mathalicious.com/2012/02/04/khan-academy-its-different-this-time/
Barriers to overcome by MOOCs:
More than 99% of all EU businesses are SMEs
Anti-resume companies that refuse resumes from job applicants.
Anti-resume companies that refuse resumes from job applicants.
Accreditation today: an hybrid of tangible evidence of hands-on learning and social proof.
“No one has figured out how to get end-users to pay for individual courses online unless they are attached to some kind of degree or certification.”
Bottom-up revolution in education:
Learners, not institutions,
are leading innovation.
http://mfeldstein.com/four-barriers-that-moocs-must-overcome-to-become-sustainable-model/
Revenue models:
Paid human tutoring (personal support).
Sponsorships of courses (ads).
Fee per matching students with potential employers.
Charging students for certificates (partner universities).
"Online education is a one-size-fits-all endeavor"
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/opinion/the-trouble-with-online-education.html?_r=2
Resumes > evidence-base.
Open Standard Evaluation
http://www.cedefop.europa.eu/en/Files/3048_EN.PDF
http://skills.oecd.org/documents/OECDSkillsStrategyFINALENG.pdf
www.erasmus-entrepreneurs.eu
An opportunity to work strengthening skills
needed to develop business.
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/24/technology/economists-see-more-jobs-for-machines-not-people.html
Universities faced institutional difficulties (s.XIV-XVII).
Extreme bureaucratization
and misleading
credentialization of knowledge
(“credential inflation”)
affecting the trustworthiness
of universities.

[Collins, 2000]
credentials flooded market
Why Open Access matter?
- Social benefits: accelerated research cycles (immediate access to findings), self-learning, ROI public funding.
- Researchers/educators: gain visibility, recognition + networks + quicker access.
- Publishers: + dissemination + higher journal citation impact.
Journal Citation Reports: one of the largest academic citation databases [46 million records with 11,261 high impact journals] including 1,400 journals that are open access.
http://www.flickr.com/photos/patadeperro/5862700991/sizes/l/
NI:
membership in multiple networks
relying less on permanent groups.
Networked environment:
less hierarchical and bounded.
networked individuals
Rainie, L., & Wellman, B. (2012). Networked: The New Social Operating System. MIT Press.
From the 'experts cluster' towards the community-generated contents:

Experiment: Online open review system (2006). Editors review comments and invite authors to respond.

Results: Experiment failed.
Only 5% authors agreed to open papers to public comment.
From those (71) only 38 received qualitative relevant comments .
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen, 2009. Planned Obsolescence
Modern research = Teamwork
Scientific teams key for intellectual production.
Benjamin Jones analyzed 19.9 million peer-reviewed papers and 2.1 million patents.

50 years> + 99% scientific (computer science to biochemistry) increased levels of teamwork, Increasing rate of 20% per decade.

Papers by multiple authors receive double of citations.
Jonah Lehrer on How Creativity Works
Students need to be comfortable with having to learn, and learn again, as technology changes.
<digital literacy>
work competently with computers, (not only Microsoft world) but
web and social media, apps and programming.
Charles Leadbeater
http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.fr/2012/06/curriculum-for-next-billion.html?m=1
codeschool.com
skillshare.com
tryruby.org
teamtreehouse.com
www.arduino.cc
Progression of an Animation (Rapunzel) Disney.
(Too Big to Know, David Weinberger)
1. The economics of deletion have changed.
2. The economics of sharing have changed.
3. Computers have become exponentially smarter.
Microarray
post-genome era
DNA in a desktop computer
Representation of the personal inquiry process (adapted from Anastopoulou et al., 2011)
New pedagogy for e-books: new ways of interacting with massively shared, adaptive and dynamic books.

Badges to accredit learning: To provide validation/accrediting non-formal (incidental) learning. Monitoring performance/experiences (not outcome or examinations).

MOOCs: Open-access online free courses based on existing university teaching materials (boundary-less course). Experimental space (less structured) for exploring new pedagogy.

Rebirth of academic publishing: New business models. Some publishers are exploring simultaneous open access and charge for a better presented print/e-book edition.

Seamless learning: A continuity of learning across a combination of locations, times, technologies or social settings and disciplines (learning journeys.)
Innovating Pedagogy 2012. Open University http://www.open.ac.uk/personalpages/mike.sharples/Reports/Innovating_Pedagogy_report_July_2012.pdf
Crowd authoring + Co-reading.
Mozilla Foundation - American Manufacturing Institute
Gold + Green routes. Mendely + PLoS + ArXiv.
This is What We Think We Look Like
What universities actually look like.
This is what we really are
Awarded by authorities, by peers, or by completion of tasks (learning achievement)
Pearson, will allow Udacity students to sit secure exams in one of 4000 centres worldwide.
'Learners express frustration and confusion at the mixture of technologies' (OU).
Rebirth of academic publishing:
Gold route (authors or research founders pay a publisher for the cost of making an article open). Critique: Slow and Expensive for author.

Green route (author self-archives the article). Critique: Final version may differ.
1. Prestigious universities: "publishers’ fees are too expensive".
2. Campaigns against working with pay-for-access systems .
3. The Research Councils UK: New routes to open access.
4. New models where free and open access are gaining traction.
Scholarly publishing: The only industry that gets raw materials for free & sells them back to those who provide them.
Challenge: To maintain academic quality (for authors >academic credentials & for readers>rigorous, accurate and novel).
Daphne Koller (Coursera): What we're learning from online education
Students can evaluate + provide feedback on each other’s work.
Students are trained how to grade others.
A valuable learning experience for the students doing and receiving the grading.
Crowd-sourcing: an algorithm aggregate the feedback providing accurate support.
Peers
assessments
Particularly in Humanities, Social Sciences, Business, and other disciplines allow the auto-graded format.
translators
workforce
The poems of John Godfrey Saxe (1872)
The Blind Men and the Elephant [original from India]
www.google.com/moderator
1) Empatía: explorar necesidades de usuarios
+ emociones,

2) Imaginación: búsqueda “optimista” soluciones
(inspiración + imaginación),
3) Experimentación: explora posibles soluciones con usuarios,
4) Prototipado colaborativo: técnicas de prototipado
(modelos para visualizar alternativas y validarlas en equipo),
5) Pensamiento integrador: síntesis
(factores que afectan la experiencia),

6) Aprendizaje iterativo: proceso iterativo
(observar-crear-prototipar-validar)
hasta encontrar la mejor solución.
DT: Antropocéntrico + Mejora la empatía + colaborativo y multidisciplinar.
http://www.amaliorey.com/2012/02/26/mi-faq-sobre-design-thinking-post-286/
[ + uso del lado derecho del cerebro (intuición, emociones, imaginación, fantasía), muy devaluado en procesos de innovación]
dschool.stanford.edu
Less formal, fluctuating and specialised peer-to-peer relationships.
Universities are not structured to provide the skills needed for a rapidly changing labor (creative force).
The Future of Higher Education, 2012.
The Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project
http://tiny.cc/designt
textbook is a $4.5 billion
industry in the US
http://neverendingthesis.com/
Doug Belshaw's [@dajbelshaw]
What is 'digital literacy'? Available under a CC0 licence
www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/nov/20/uc-davis-pepper-spray-video
Lieutenant John Pike
Records Unit Manager
Phone: 530-752-3989
Cell: 530-979-0184
japikeiii@ucdavis.edu
Address: 4005 Cowell Blvd, Apt 616. Davis, CA 95618-6017
Skype: japike3
http://anoncentral.tumblr.com/
John Pike - The UC Davis Casual Pepper Spray Everything Cop! Uploaded by ArtifactProductions
www.google.org/flutrends
http://digiteacher.flatclassroomproject.org
digital footprint
a nonprofit organization (Rice University, $5 million)
develop textbooks for 25 college (package: textbook, homeworks, ppt, test)
“whole package” > $30 to $50
OpenStax can become self-sustaining.
Flat World pays authors a 20% royalty rate (peer reviewed process).
Professors can remove chapters/insert new materials.

Diversification: web-based versions is free, study aids (flash cards) $20, a print version $40, “whole package” (ebook and audiobook) $35.
40% of the students who use a Flat World text end up spending at least $35.
“We we think letting them in free is good for business and good for the world.” ( Serving around 200,000 students).
“you have to look harder to find a quality free textbook.”
CourseSmart [McGraw-Hill, Cengage Learning, and Pearson] Offers eTextbooks and Digital Course Materials with discounts up to 60% off the sticker price of print books.
Their strength relies on their reliability as curators.
They triple-digit growth every year.
Over 3 million users downloading its 30,000 textbooks.
Open Textbook Catalog (released under Creative Commons).
Professors worldwide can conduct peer reviews of the posted works.
Instructors can customize open textbooks (remixing, editing and adding).
Students can access free digital versions or purchase low-cost print copies .
Open access academic repository encouraging early distribution of research, free downloadable .
SSRN: 56 million downloads (1,000,000 monthly).
The SSRN eLibrary: 7.7 million references
5.2 million citations.
Social Science Research Network
1.We need to invest more in professional development (also more time to collaborate).
More resources are needed not only meet the learning standards but exceed them [http://tiny.cc/kahncritique]

2.There is no correlation (so far) between the kind of technology and the type quality of learning outcomes http://tiny.cc/pisaoecd

3.Face to face education will be particularly for the privileges students (the rest might tend to take massive education). [http://tiny.cc/pewinternet]

4.Educational institutions might lost their exclusivity in terms of high quality content delivering [http://tiny.cc/TEDcoursera]

5.A more flexible approach is required in term of knowledge/skills/literacies validation [http://tiny.cc/UNESCOaccreditation]
http://business.time.com/2012/08/10/free-textbooks-shaking-up-higher-education/
6.The definition of relevant skills need to be updated not-only by education institutions (other stakeholders need to have a voice) [http://tiny.cc/CEDEFOPtypology]

7.Not only open sources is needed (open hardware but primarily open knowledge) [http://tiny.cc/WhyOpen]

8.Open does not only mean for free. Today open means a more diverse distribution of tasks (curation, founding, distribution, etc.) [http://tiny.cc/TimeBusiness]

9.Learning cannot be understood as passing an exam but as an never-ending, social, and organic timeless process [http://tiny.cc/AugmentedLearning]
http://www.slideshare.net/gleonhard/data-is-the-new-oil-publicy-is-the-new-privacy-futurist-speaker-gerd-leonhard
Collaboration 2.0 by BLANKSPACES
http://vimeo.com/1713385
Somebody that I used to know - Walk off the Earth (Goyte Cover)
http://tiny.cc/MOOChub
by @sergiolujanmora
Myth 1: MOOCs increase access to HE (in developing countries).
What about lack of social and technical capital?

Myth 2: New pedagogy.
It is based on outdated behaviorists pedagogy (information transmission).
Very difficult to teach higher order skills of critical and creative thinking.

Myth 3: Computers personalize learning.
To spend less time filling students with content requires
teacher's presence (either in the class or online).
http://www.tonybates.ca/2012/08/05/whats-right-and-whats-wrong-about-coursera-style-moocs/
Urgency for change: The University is one of the most resistant social institutions ever (regardless of technological adoptions), with minors changes since 800 AD or so (other than adding books, electricity, and women).
Too focused on the results
(degree) rather than
teaching how
to learn.
"It is essential we teach our children how to create digital technology and software for themselves".
British Computer Society Academy of Computing:
On-demand services - streaming music
revenues up 40% globally in 2012
Spotify: streaming music generated £24m (six months).
Amazon, iTunes and competitors: expected £194m from downloads (UK, 2012).
Musicians complain for royalty rates on streaming services (i.e.Shannon Hurley earned £9.48 from 4,030 plays).
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-19270362
smaismrmilmepoetaleumibunenugttauiras
"I have observed the most distant planet to have a triple form"
Galileo (1610) latest discovery's anagram.
Secrecy but also a proof for a further claim [Kepler] .
First scientific journal 1665.
Reinventing Discovery - Michael Nielsen
Learning (self*)
Financing (saving + new funding)
Certification (Non-degree*)
Assessment (self-peer*)
Deinstitutionalization
Access (openness)
Contents (just-in-time*)
Starlings, East Oxford - UK (dylanwinter1 on youtube).
Double by Double Robotics iPad-based telepresence ($1999)
radical openness in education

Cristóbal Cobo, phd
aprendizajeinvisible.com
@cristobalcobo
tusk
leg
tail
trunk
ear
belly
"Elephant in the room"
Banksy – Elephant in the Room
1. Face-to-face education a privilege of a few.
2. Mass-produced education (1000s students) for disadvantages.
3. Hybrid classes (enhanced learning experiences)
4. Opportunities to connect to others (mentors, peers, sources).
5. Translation skills (problems > solutions, intercultural conflicts).
survey of 1,021 experts
The organisation of work is more spatially distributed.
Home - Work: More intertwined (breaking the private and public spheres of life).
More uncertainty about what sources to trust.
The new media is the new neighbourhood.
Social networks:
Large and diversified (thanks to the social use of technology).
key vectors
openness - deinstitutionalization
New business models
(reselling bits)
From the corporative software
to the social software
From the
010100111001010
to the devices
New virtuality 'in situ'
From download to streaming
From scarcity to abundance
From center to outskirts
Levy & Murnane (2005) The New Division of Labor: How Computers Are Creating the Next Job Market
automate a manual handling process + "adaptive vision"
inflation: 'the action of inflating something'
[Oxford Dictionaries]
"a continuously falling value of money"
www.bls.gov
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training
Diversity: Mixture of materials.
Interactivity: Growth is
created flow not by accumulation
Autonomy: Each individual entity manage its
own grown.
- Promote a higher course rates (-10% registered complete course);
- Provide reliable accreditation and valuable credentials/badges;
transdisciplinarity
Joanna Kulesza, University of Lodz: Transboundary Challenges of Privacy Protection from Internet Science
I'm (always) watching you
ReDigi
5. A more flexible approach is required in term of knowledge/skills/literacies validation [http://tiny.cc/UNESCOaccreditation]
1.We need to invest more in professional development (also more time to collaborate). More resources are needed not only meet the learning standards but exceed them.
2.There is no correlation (so far) between the kind of technology and the type quality of learning outcomes
http://tiny.cc/pisaoecd
3.Face to face education will be particularly for the privileges students (the rest might tend to take massive education). [http://tiny.cc/pewinternet]
4.Educational institutions might lost their exclusivity in terms of high quality content delivering [http://tiny.cc/TEDcoursera]
6.The definition of relevant skills need to be updated not-only by education institutions (other stakeholders need to have a voice) [http://tiny.cc/CEDEFOPtypology]
7.Not only open sources
is needed (open hardware too, but primarily open knowledge)

[http://tiny.cc/WhyOpen]
8.Open does mean for free. Today open means a more diverse distribution of tasks (curation, founding, distribution, etc.) [http://tiny.cc/TimeBusiness]



9.Learning cannot be understood as passing an exam but as an never-ending, social, and organic timeless process [http://tiny.cc/AugmentedLearning]
@cristobalcobo
oxford internet institute
Bringing About Curriculum Innovations: Implicit Approaches in the OECD Area”, OECD Education Working Papers, No. 82, OECD Publishing.
Curriculum decision making:
- Power at central: Supportive for innovation (legal incentives).

- Schools: Teachers experiment directions (not pre-determined), increase relevance (local communities) horizontal networks for innovation diffusion.
Designing, developing, and running (massive) open online courses. G.Siemens. September 4/12 [ Rodriguez, 2012 www.eurodl.org/?article=516 ]
Design Thinking Toolkit for Educators http://designthinkingforeducators.com/
Full transcript