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Transcript of Harmatology
The Impact of Sin
Sin can spread to social institutions which can result in mass suffering and injustice
For example, in the 20th century more than 100 million people were killed in more than 250 wars
Around the globe, societies stagger under the social evils of hatred, violence and death
The Story of Primo Levi
Primo Levi is a Holocaust survivor, who wrote a book entitled
about his experience
He was an Italian Jew, who escaped from Auschwitz at the end of WWII
He speaks about how people react to evil, how people hide from the reality because its too horrible to contemplate
When he first escaped from Auschwitz, and got off the train people did not want to hear about what he went through out of fear
Sin causes people to conspire with each other, resulting in desire, violence, and injustice ruling among them
Sins cause social situations and institutions to occur that oppose the divine goodness
"Social sin" results from the development of many people's individual sins over time
Sin destroys the relational
Sin is "missing the mark" or falling short of living according to the covenantal life
It is breaking the covenant of the Ten Commandments and The Beatitudes
When you sin against others you sin against God
Living for material goods is creating false Gods
By sinning we distance ourselves from God and our neighbours
Heavenly Father we come before you today with a prayer of assistance and forgiveness. We pray that although we may be tempted, we ask that with your help we can refrain from giving into sin. As you declared in your moments on the cross "Father, forgive them for they know not what they do". We ask you to forgive our shortcomings and lead us in a life resistant to sin.
In our material driven society the choice is made every day for materials over God. For example during Christmas, many people focus on the giving and receiving of gifts instead of the birth of Christ. This issue results in a materialistic society which gives God-like significance to objects.
Threats to Identity
Need for scapegoats
Most conflicts result from issues with identity
The five human identity needs are:
People believe they need what gives them their 5 identity needs to be whole
But when two people or groups desire the same things, this can cause rivalry and violence
Religion, for example, can affect all of these identity needs so when people have different religions, violence can occur because they see things differently.
A good example of this is the Israel-Palestine religious war. A recent occurrence was when 2 armed Palestinian men hacked their way through a Jerusalem synagogue leaving 4 dead rabbis and a dying police officer in their midst. This struggle has been present for many years and it shows how people feel threatened when they feel that their identity has been compromised. This is present in religious conflicts.
When something bad happens, the community feels as though they need to blame someone for it
The person who is blamed is called the surrogate victim and is expelled from the community
For example, the unemployed community tends to blame immigrants for the decrease in job opportunities. In most situations, the unemployed could get a job just as easily, however they are simply not motivated to do so.
Sin is an enduring state
Habitual sin can reshape the core of our being
This sinful state destroys our capacity to relate to others
As we succumb to hardheartedness our freedom to be the kind of person God calls us to be is diminished
The state of sin alienates us which is contrary to the communion of love
Applies to groups as well as individuals